in Easter Parade (1948)
|Born||Johnnie Lucille Collier
April 12, 1923
Chireno, Texas, U.S.
|Died||January 22, 2004
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Cause of death
|Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City|
|Spouse(s)||Reese Milner (1946–1947)
Bill Moss (1958–1961)
Arthur Cameron (1961–1962)
Johnnie Lucille Collier (April 12, 1923 – January 22, 2004), known professionally as Ann Miller, was an American dancer, singer and actress. She is best remembered for her work in the Hollywood musical films of the 1940s and 1950s.
Miller was born in Chireno, Texas to Clara Emma (née Birdwell) and John Alfred Collier, a criminal lawyer who represented the Barrow Gang, Machine Gun Kelly, and Baby Face Nelson, among others. Miller's maternal grandmother was Cherokee. Miller's father insisted on the name Johnnie because he had wanted a boy, but she was often called Annie. She began to take dance classes at the age of 5, after suffering from a case of rickets. Her mother believed that these classes would help strengthen her young daughter's legs.
She lived in Texas until she was 9, when her mother decided to leave her unfaithful husband and move to Los Angeles. Because Birdwell was deaf, it was hard for her to find work; however, because Miller looked much older than she was, she began to work as a dancer in nightclubs so that she could support the both of them. About this time she adopted the stage name Ann Miller, which she kept throughout her entire career. She was considered a child dance prodigy. In an interview featured in a "behind the scenes" documentary on the making of the compilation film That's Entertainment III, she said that Eleanor Powell was an early inspiration.
At age 13 in 1936, Miller became a showgirl at the Bal Tabarin. She was hired as a dancer in the "Black Cat Club" in San Francisco (she reportedly told them she was 18). It was there she was discovered by Lucille Ball and talent scout/comic Benny Rubin. This led Miller to be given a contract with RKO in 1936 at the age of 13 (she had also told them she was 18) and she remained there until 1940. In 1941, she signed with Columbia Pictures, where, starting with Time Out for Rhythm, she starred in 11 B movie musicals from 1941 to 1945, ending her contract in 1946 with one “A” film, The Thrill of Brazil. The ad in Life magazine featured Miller's leg in a large, red, bow-tied stocking as the "T" in "Thrill." She finally hit her mark in MGM musicals such as Easter Parade (1948), On the Town (1949) and Kiss Me Kate (1953).
Miller helped popularize pantyhose in the 1940s as a solution to the continual problem of tearing stockings during the filming of dance production numbers. The common practice had been to sew hosiery to briefs. If torn, the entire garment had to be removed and resewn with a new pair. At Miller's request, hosiery was manufactured for her as a single pantyhose.
Miller was famed for her speed in tap dancing. Studio publicists concocted press releases claiming she could tap 500 times per minute, but in truth, the sound of ultra-fast "500" taps was looped in later. Because the stage floors were slick and slippery, she actually danced in shoes with rubber soles. Later she would loop the sound of the taps while watching the film and actually dancing on a "tap board" to match her steps in the film.
In 1970, satirist Stan Freberg, father of the funny commercial, used Miller and her tap-dancing skills in a television commercial for "Great American Soups." Miller initially plays a housewife asked by her "husband" (Dave Willock) what she has prepared for dinner. She throws off her house frock to reveal a sequined dance outfit, and the kitchen set splits open to reveal a huge Hollywood stage, showcasing a giant can of soup, atop which Miller sings and dances, accompanied by a double chorus line. At the end of the commercial, she returns to the kitchen set, where the husband character exclaims, "Why do you have to make such a big 'production' out of everything?" According to Freberg, the commercial cost so much to produce that little money was left in the advertising budget to purchase airtime for it. The commercial can be seen on the video accompanying Freberg's boxed set release, The Tip of the Freberg.
She was known, especially later in her career, for her distinctive appearance, which reflected a studio-era ideal of glamor: massive black bouffant hair, heavy makeup with a slash of crimson lipstick, and fashions that emphasized her lithe figure and long dancer's legs. Her film career effectively ended in 1956 as the studio system lost steam to television, but she remained active in the theatre and on television. She starred on Broadway in the musical Mame in 1969, in which she wowed the audience in a tap number created just for her. In 1979 she astounded audiences in the Broadway show Sugar Babies with fellow MGM veteran Mickey Rooney, which toured the United States extensively after its Broadway run. In 1983, she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre.
She appeared in a special 1982 episode of The Love Boat, joined by fellow showbiz legends Ethel Merman, Carol Channing, Della Reese, Van Johnson, and Cab Calloway in a storyline that cast them as older relatives of the show's regular characters. In 2001 she took her last role, playing Coco in auteur director David Lynch's critically acclaimed Mulholland Drive. Her last stage performance was a 1998 production of Stephen Sondheim's Follies, in which she played the hardboiled survivor Carlotta Campion and received rave reviews for her rendition of the song "I'm Still Here".
Miller appeared as a dance instructor in Home Improvement episode "Dances with Tools" (1993). Between 1995 and 2001, Molly Shannon parodied Miller several times on Saturday Night Live in a recurring sketch entitled "Leg-Up!"
According to her New York Times obituary, Miller married three times, to Reese Llewellyn Milner in 1946, to William Moss in 1958 and to Arthur Cameron in 1961, and in between marriages dated such well-known men as Howard Hughes, Conrad Hilton and Louis B. Mayer. During her marriage to Reese Llewellyn Milner, while pregnant with daughter Mary in her last trimester, Miller fell and went into early labor. Baby Mary lived only three hours on November 12, 1946.
For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Miller has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6914 Hollywood Blvd. In 1998, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her. To honor her contribution to dance, the Smithsonian Institution displays her favorite pair of tap shoes, which she playfully nicknamed "Moe and Joe".
|1934||Anne of Green Gables||Child Extra||Uncredited|
|1935||The Good Fairy||Schoolgirl in Orphanage||Uncredited|
|1936||The Devil on Horseback||Dancer||Uncredited|
|1937||New Faces of 1937||Herself||Dance Specialty|
|1937||The Life of the Party||Betty|
|1938||Radio City Revels||Billie Shaw|
|1938||Having Wonderful Time||Camp Guest||Uncredited|
|1938||You Can't Take It with You||Essie Carmichael|
|1938||Tarnished Angel||Violet 'Vi' McMaster|
|1940||Too Many Girls||Pepe|
|1940||Hit Parade of 1941||Anabelle Potter|
|1940||Melody Ranch||Julie Shelton|
|1941||Time Out for Rhythm||Kitty Brown|
|1941||Go West, Young Lady||Lola|
|1942||True to the Army||Vicki Marlow|
|1942||Priorities on Parade||Donna D'Arcy|
|1943||Reveille with Beverly||Beverly Ross|
|1943||What's Buzzin', Cousin?||Ann Crawford|
|1944||Hey, Rookie||Winnie Clark|
|1944||Jam Session||Terry Baxter|
|1944||Carolina Blues||Julie Carver|
|1945||Eadie Was a Lady||Eadie Allen and Edithea Alden|
|1945||Eve Knew Her Apples||Eve Porter|
|1946||The Thrill of Brazil||Linda Lorens|
|1948||Easter Parade||Nadine Hale|
|1948||The Kissing Bandit||Fiesta Specialty Dancer|
|1949||On the Town||Claire Huddesen|
|1950||Watch the Birdie||Miss Lucky Vista|
|1951||Texas Carnival||Sunshine Jackson|
|1951||Two Tickets to Broadway||Joyce Campbell|
|1952||Lovely to Look At||Bubbles Cassidy|
|1953||Small Town Girl||Lisa Bellmount|
|1953||Kiss Me Kate||Lois Lane 'Bianca'|
|1954||Deep in My Heart||Dance specialty in 'Artists and Models'|
|1955||Hit the Deck||Ginger|
|1956||The Opposite Sex||Gloria|
|1956||The Great American Pastime||Mrs. Doris Patterson|
|1976||Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood||President's Girl 2|
|2001||Mulholland Drive||Catherine 'Coco' Lenoix|
- George White's Scandals of 1939 (1939)
- Can-Can (1968)
- Mame (1969)
- Hello, Dolly! (1971)
- Anything Goes (1972)
- Blithe Spirit (1973)
- Anything Goes (1974)
- Panama Hattie (1976)
- Anything Goes (1977)
- Cactus Flower (1978)
- Sugar Babies (1979)
- Sugar Babies (1988)
- Follies (1998)
- U.S. Census, April 1, 1930. State of Texas, County of Harris, enumeration district 71, page 2A, family 86.
- Richard Serero (January 23, 2004). "Ann Miller, Tap-Dancer Starring in Musicals, Dies". New York Times (NYTimes.com). Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Ann Miller profile at". FilmReference.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Ann Miller profile".
- "Obituaries—Ann Miller-Dancing Star and 'Queen of the Bs'". The Independent. January 24, 2004. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Ann Miller profile". Reel Classics. March 10, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Private Screenings: Ann Miller". tcm.com. 1997. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "What's My Line? Mystery Guest: Ann Miller". Retrieved 2012-08-20.
- Ann Miller's "Great American Soup" TV commercial on YouTube
- Ben Brantley (May 8, 1998). "Beguiled by the Past". New York Times (NYTimes.com). Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Home Improvement-Dances with Tools". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
- Severo, Richard (2004-01-23). "Ann Miller, Tap-Dancer Starring in Musicals, Dies". nytimes.com. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated
- "Ann Miller profile". Retrieved May 22, 2013.
- Miller, Ann, Miller's High Life. Doubleday, 1972. ISBN #0-385-03440-7.
- Oderman, Stuart, Talking to the Piano Player 2. BearManor Media, 2009. ISBN #1-59393-320-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ann Miller.|
- Ann Miller at the Internet Movie Database
- Ann Miller at the Internet Broadway Database
- Profile @ Turner Classic Movies
- BBC obituary
- "Ann Miller". Find a Grave. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- Photographs and literature
- Great American Soup Commercial at YouTube
- Photos of Ann Miller from 'Eadie Was A Lady' by Ned Scott