Ann Nixon Cooper

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Ann Nixon Cooper
Born Ann Louise Nixon Cooper
(1902-01-09)January 9, 1902
Shelbyville, Tennessee, U.S.
Died December 21, 2009(2009-12-21) (aged 107)
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Occupation Activist
Known for Invoked in President Barack Obama's victory speech

Ann Louise Nixon Cooper (January 9, 1902 – December 21, 2009) was a centenarian mentioned in United States President-elect Barack Obama's November 2008 election speech as a representative of the change in status African Americans had undergone during the past century and more in America. Before that, she was a noted member of the Atlanta African-American community and an activist for civil rights.

Biography[edit]

Cooper was born in Shelbyville, Tennessee, on January 9, 1902, and raised in Nashville.[1] She moved to Atlanta, Georgia, in her early twenties with her husband, Albert Berry Cooper, a dentist,[1] and they had four children together.[2] During that time, she served more than fifty years in public work on the board of Gate City Nursery Association and also helped found the Girls Club for African American Youth.[3] Because there were no integrated Boy Scout troops in 1930's Atlanta, she wrote to the Boy Scouts in New York for help in starting Troop 95, Atlanta's first Boy Scout troop for African Americans.[4] When her husband died, Martin Luther King, Jr. sent Cooper a telegram; she also met with Coretta Scott King and saved photographs of the occasion.[5] Cooper first registered to vote on September 1, 1941. Though she was friends with elite black Atlantans like W. E. B. Du Bois, John Hope Franklin and Benjamin Mays, she didn't exercise her right to vote for years, because of her status as a black woman in a segregated and sexist society.[6]

During the 1970s, she served as a tutor to non-readers at Ebenezer Baptist Church. She also served on the Friends of the Library Board, serving at one time as vice president of the board. In 1980 she received a Community Service Award from Channel 11 for being one of the organizers of the black Cub Scouts and serving as the first den mother for four years.

She was also awarded the Annie L. McPheeters Medallion for community service from the Auburn Avenue Research Library on African American Culture and History in 2002.[2]

Age issue[edit]

When featured in Obama's 2008 speech, Ms Cooper was 106 years old. Some news outlets erroneously reported her as "oldest voter"[7] even though there were several older voters, including then-114-year-old Gertrude Baines, 113-year-old Beatrice Farve, 112-year-olds Maggie Renfro and George Francis, 110-year-olds Virginia Call and Onie Ponder, and 109-year-olds Nettie Whittington and Amanda Jones (all voted for Obama); and 112-year-olds Eunice Sanborn, Besse Cooper, and Walter Breuning (all indicated they likely voted for McCain) and 109-year-old Gertrude Noone (who voted for McCain).

Ann Nixon Cooper died on December 21, 2009, three weeks before what would have been her 108th birthday.

Census research suggests she may have been a year younger than claimed; the 1910 census lists her as 7 years old in April 1910. Given a January birthdate, this suggests birth in 1903.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brown, Chandler (November 05, 2008). "106-year-old in Obama speech: ‘Things can change’". AJC.COM. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  2. ^ a b "Ann Cooper Biography". The History Makers. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  3. ^ Booth, Jenny (2008-11-05). "Profile: Ann Nixon Cooper, 106, singled out for praise by Barack Obama". London: Times Online. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  4. ^ National Public Radio: Talk of the Nation, December 30, 2009.
  5. ^ Jagger, Suzy (2008-11-06). "Ann Nixon Cooper: the history woman". London: Times Online. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  6. ^ THE ASSOCIATED PRESS (November 6, 2008). "Racism survivor Ann Nixon Cooper, 106, is honored by Barack Obama". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  7. ^ "Ann Nixon Cooper: Ann Nixon Cooper oldest American voter". Celebgalz.com. November 11, 2008.