Anna Alma-Tadema was the second daughter and pupil of the Anglo-Dutch painter Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, born Laurens Tadema. Her mother Marie-Pauline Gressin Dumoulin, Laurens' first wife, died when she was two years old. She grew up in London, where her father had settled after leaving the continent. Her elder sister Laurence Alma-Tadema (born Laurense Tadema,1865–1940) became a novelist and poet, while her stepmother Laura Theresa Alma-Tadema (1852–1909), also a pupil of her husband, developed into an artist in her own right. Anna Alma-Tadema never married.
She appears at least twice in paintings by her father: the young girl left in the background in This is our corner, also known as Laurense and Anna Alma-Tadema (1873; Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam), and Miss Anna Alma-Tadema, also known as Portrait of Anna Alma-Tadema (1883; Royal Academy of Arts, London). These paintings were used by her father to exemplify his abilities as a painter of portraits.
A precocious teenager, Anna Alma-Tadema made watercolour paintings depicting the interior of the Alma-Tadema parental home: Townshend House, Tichfield Terrace, near Regent's Park in Londen, extravagantly decorated by her father to resemble a Roman villa. Her work was exhibited at the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 1893 and nowadays is considered to be related to academic classicism.
After her father's death in 1912, Anna Alma-Tadema lived in obscurity.
- Autoportrait, oil, 1883
- The Drawing Room, Townshend House, watercolour, 1885
- exhibited in The Palace of Fine Arts, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893 and in Victoria & Albert Museum, The Cult of Beauty: The Aesthetic Movement 1860-1900, London, April 2011.
- Eton College Chapel, 1886 (private collection)
- The Idler's Harvest, 1900
- At the Window, 1908
- The gold room, watercolour
- Flags, oil
- Gere, Charlotte, Artistic Circles: Design and Decoration in the Aesthetic Movement, V & A Publishing, 2010
- British women painters: World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago 1893
- Ask Art, auction data
- Arcadja auction data
- Blog The beautiful necessity, with some rare pictures of her watercolours