Anna Dandolo

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For other uses, see Anna of Serbia.
Anna Dandolo
Queen of Serbia
Anna Dandolo death.jpg
Wall painting at Sopoćani monastery depicting Anna Dandolo on her deathbed surrounded by her family and members of the clergy
Queen consort of Serbia
Tenure 1217–1228
Coronation 1217
Spouse Stefan the First-Crowned
Issue Stefan Uroš I
House Dandolo (at birth)
Nemanjić dynasty (through marriage)
Father Rainero Dandolo
Mother Unnamed
Born Venice, Republic of Venice (today Italy)
Died 1258
Serbian Kingdom (today Serbia)
Burial Sopoćani

Anna Dandolo (Serbian: Ана Дандоло; fl. 1217—d. 1258) was a Venetian noblewoman who became Queen consort of Serbia as the second wife of King Stefan the First-Crowned, founder of the Serbian kingdom. She was crowned at Stefan's coronation in 1217, and she held this title until his death on 24 September 1228. She was the granddaughter of Enrico Dandolo, Doge of Venice. King Stefan Uroš I was her son.

Life[edit]

Origin[edit]

Anna was born in Venice, Republic of Venice, on an unknown date, the daughter of Rainero Dandolo, Vice-Doge of Venice, and Procurator of San Marco, and an unnamed mother. Her paternal grandfather was Enrico Dandolo, Doge of Venice,[1] who had earlier made incursions into Zadar (1202) and Constantinople (1204).[2] In 1209, her father was killed in battle against the Genoese during the conquest of Candia.[citation needed]

Queen of Serbia[edit]

In about 1216 or 1217, she married Stefan, the Grand Prince of Serbia and son of Stefan Nemanja, in a magnificent ceremony which was celebrated in Venice and attended by all the patrician families in the republic. Following the splendid festivities held in their honour, the bridal couple were then transported with much fanfare by galley to Dalmatia. Anna was his second wife; his first, Eudokia Angelina, from whom he had separated for alleged adultery, had died in 1211. The marriage of Stefan to a woman from the powerful maritime republic of Venice was politically advantageous to Serbia; the alliance also strengthened Orthodox Serbia's ties to the west and brought a strong Latin influence to the country through the Venetian artisans who followed in Anna's wake. In 1217, Stefan was crowned the first King of Serbia by Archbishop Sava, and Anna became the first Queen consort.

Shortly before his death on 24 September 1228, King Stefan had taken monastic vows. Anna lived until 1264, long enough to see her only son, Stephen Uros succeed to the Serbian throne in 1243 following the deposition of his half-brother, Stefan Vladislav I. Stephen Uroš I married Helen of Anjou, by whom he had issue. Anna's descendants continued to rule in Serbia for many generations until 1371 when the Nemanjic dynasty came to an end.

It is believed that Anna died in 1258.[3][4] She was buried in the Sopoćani monastery, a royal mausoleum where Stefan the First-Crowned and other descendants were buried. The fresco depiction of her death is of valuable historical significance[5] and has been described as "one of the most important historical compositions painted on the walls of Serbian medieval churches",[6] depicted on the north wall.[5] The work has been dated to between 1263 and 1268.[7]

Family and legacy[edit]

Together they had one son, Stephen Uroš I, born in about 1223, and a daughter, whose name is not recorded. She also had three stepsons from her husband's former marriage.

Italian poet Gabriele d'Annunzio immortalised Anna in his 1914 Ode alla nazione serba with the line:

O Serbia, che avesti regina di grazie Anna Dandolo.

See also[edit]


Royal titles
Preceded by
Eudokia Angelina
as Grand Princess
Queen consort of Serbia
1217–1228
Succeeded by
Ana Angelina
Komnene Doukaina

References[edit]

  1. ^ NIN. Nedeljne informativne novine. Politika. 1999. p. 36. 
  2. ^ Sima M. Cirkovic (15 April 2008). The Serbs. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-1-4051-4291-5. 
  3. ^ Miodrag Al Purković (1956). Princeze iz kuće Nemanijića. Avala. p. 18. 
  4. ^ Henri Stern (1966). L'Art byzantin. Presses Universitaires de France. p. 146. 
  5. ^ a b Milorad Panić-Surep (1965). Yugoslavia: Cultural Monuments of Serbia. Turistička štampa. p. 139. 
  6. ^ Alex Dragnich and Slavko Todorovich. Raška and Kosovo. 
  7. ^ Paul Graindor; Henri Grégoire (2002). Byzantion: Revue Internationale Des Études Byzantines. Fondation Byzantine. 

Sources[edit]