Anna Escobedo Cabral
|Anna Escobedo Cabral|
|42nd Treasurer of the United States|
January 19, 2005 – January 20, 2009
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Rosario Marin|
|Succeeded by||Rosa Gumataotao Rios|
October 12, 1959 |
San Bernardino, California
|Spouse(s)||Victor G. Cabral|
|Alma mater||University of California, Davis
George Mason University
Anna Escobedo Cabral (born October 12, 1959) serves as the Unit Chief for Strategic Communications in the External Relations Division of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). Prior to joining the bank, Cabral served as the 42nd Treasurer of the United States from January 19, 2005 to January 20, 2009. She became the highest-ranking Latina in the George W. Bush Administration after the resignation of Rosario Marin.
Cabral, a second-generation Mexican-American, was born in San Bernardino, California to Francisco Escobedo and Teresa Beltran. Her father's family had come to the United States from Mexico in the early 1900s as did her maternal grandmother. Alfred Escobedo, her paternal grandfather, also participated in the Bracero Program. Cabral's maternal grandfather was a Native American, born and raised on a reservation in Southern California.
The oldest of five children, Cabral managed to attend Burbank Elementary School in the 1960s despite her family's hectic schedule: her father picked the fields of the Santa Clara Valley and both parents obtained various types of employment throughout the San Bernardino and Riverside counties. By the time Cabral entered high school, the family had moved 20 times.
At very early ages, Cabral and her siblings had to collect scrap metal and salvage old motor parts with their father that they would then sell to help the family survive. Her father had seriously injured his back, significantly impacting his ability to provide. Her mother worked several jobs, so, as the eldest child, Cabral often had the additional responsibility of caring for her siblings.
By age 16, Cabral was already on track to finishing high school early; after graduation, she intended to find a full-time job to help her parents financially. Her math teacher, Philip Lamm, convinced her instead to consider higher education. Lamm, she recalled in a later interview, "hand wrote the application. He told me that this was a better plan and found scholarship money for me to go to college." Lamm also helped her overcome her family's initial misgivings.
Cabral initially attended the University of California at Santa Cruz majoring in political science. In her sophomore year, she met Victor Cabral, a law student at the University of California, Davis; not long after this, she transferred to Davis. Between her sophomore and junior years, the couple was married and Cabral soon left school for a few years to raise a family. During this time, she also managed her husband's law firm.
Cabral eventually returned to the University and graduated in 1987 with a Bachelor's degree in Political Science. After considering several graduate schools, Escobedo enrolled in a joint-degree program with the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and the Boalt Hall School of Law at UC Berkeley. She and her family moved to Massachusetts. However, half way through the program, Cabral decided to withdraw in order to take care of family needs. In 1990, she obtained her Master of Public Administration degree from Harvard. She eventually completed her Juris Doctor degree at George Mason University School of Law in 2008.
In 1990, Cabral's husband obtained a job with the Justice Department; the rest of the family moved with him to Washington, D.C. The following year, Cabral became Executive Staff Director of the Task Force on Hispanic Affairs in the Senate Republican Conference. In this capacity, she managed a caucus of 25 U.S. Senators working on issues related to the Hispanic community.
Cabral's work came to the attention of Senator Orrin G. Hatch, who was chair of the Task Force as well as chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee. In 1993, in addition to her work with the Republican Conference, Cabral assumed the post of Deputy Staff Director for the Committee, helping it to oversee federal judicial nominations as well as various Justice-related legislation.
After several years, Cabral left government service but remained in the public sector. In 1999, she was hired as President and CEO of Hispanic Association on Corporate Responsibility. A Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit coalition of 16 of the largest Hispanic organizations in the nation, HACR worked with Fortune 500 companies to increase Hispanic representation in employment, procurement, philanthropy, and governance. Under Cabral's leadership, HACR published a best practices series, and instituted a partnership with Harvard Business School to provide executive training programs in Corporate Governance Best Practices to community leaders.
Cabral participated on a number of advisory panels during this time. In 2002, she was appointed by President George W. Bush to his Council on the 21st Century Workplace, providing guidance to the White House and the Department of Labor on work-related issues. That same year, she was named to a two-year term on the Diversity Council of the Premier Automotive Group, an outreach effort of the Ford Motor Company. She also served on the boards of the Sewall-Belmont House and Museum, a historic center commemorating women's suffrage, and Martha's Table, a nonprofit that assists the less fortunate to better themselves through volunteer activities.
In 2003, Cabral was named Director of the Center for Latino Initiatives at the Smithsonian Institution. While at the Center, she led a pan-institutional effort to improve Latino representation in exhibits and public programming among the Institution's 19 museums, five research centers, and the National Zoo.
Cabral was sworn in on January 19, 2005 becoming the highest-ranking Latina in the Bush Administration and ending a seventeen month vacancy in the office brought about by the resignation of Rosario Marin. John W. Snow, the Secretary of the Treasury, presided over the ceremony which was also attended by Alberto Gonzales, the chief White House Counsel who had just been nominated as the first Hispanic Attorney General. The first currency with Cabral's signature was printed in April the same year.
While Treasurer, Cabral oversaw the latest infusion of new currency designed to defeat counterfeiting efforts. She also served during the Hurricane Katrina incident along the southern coast. In the wake of the disaster, Cabral dedicated much of her time in developing methods to help people affected in rebuilding and managing their financial well-being. She also provided advice and counsel to the Treasury Department in its efforts to provide economic assistance to devastated areas.
Despite a heavy work schedule and numerous speaking engagements, Cabral returned to school in order to obtain her juris doctorate. She was inspired in this move by her mother who returned to school at age 52 to get her diploma. In 2005, she began taking night courses at the Arlington campus of the George Mason University School of Law. In her second year, her daughter Catalina was a fellow George Mason student.
Cabral's expertise in financial education was also tapped by the Treasury Department. In 2007, she was named by Treasury Secretary Henry M. Paulson as his representative to the Community Development Advisory Board. The Board's purpose is to advise the Department on the use of funds, tax credits, and investment capital in distressed communities across the nation. In June of that year, Cabral co-hosted the Pathways to Hispanic Family Learning conference with Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings. The meeting resulted in a new program, led by the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans, that developed tools for financial literacy and provided resources to Hispanic families seeking academic success for their children.
When Cabral was appointed Treasurer the banknote series was changed from series 2003 to series 2003A to indicate that a new Treasurer had been appointed, but not a new Secretary of the Treasurer. Her signature appeared on all of the series 2003A and series 2006 banknotes which began production in May 2005. While her 5 year term as Treasurer ended on January 20, 2009 with the beginning of the Obama Administration, as of June 2011 her signature is still on the series 2006A $100 banknote which is still being printed pending the resolution of production problems with the new color $100 banknote.
Cabral is married to Victor G. Cabral. After working with Justice, Victor had been vice president for government and Hispanic relations with Verizon and, since 2003, has been the Senior Counsel for NBC Universal/Telemundo in the Government Relations department.
As noted, Cabral began her family while still in college, causing her to delay her education by several years. She had her first child, Raquel, by the age of 20 with the remainder coming in the following five years. When she returned to school and to work, Cabral brought some of her children along. She recalls that while on Capitol Hill, her kids would fish for loose change at the vending machines: "They'd routinely come up with $20 or $30." At Harvard, her son Victor- then three years old- would ask questions of the professor despite her best efforts to quiet him.
Cabral is also an accomplished seamstress, having sewed her sibling's clothes when younger in order to save money. She made the gowns for both daughters' weddings (prominent Republican consultant Leslie Sanchez did the flower arrangements).
The Cabrals have a total of four children: Raquel Cabral Sours, Viana Cabral Greene (married to Joseph Milton Greene, III), Catalina Cabral, and Victor Christopher Cabral. Additionally, they have four grandchildren, Lilyana Cabral Greene Joseph Milton Greene, IV, Vivienne Greene and Henry Matthew Sours.
Three of Cabral's daughters have followed her into government service. In 2005, Raquel Cabral Sours served in the Bush White House, the Department of Energy, and the United States Department of Justice while Viana Greene worked for the Senate Judiciary Committee and Catalina Cabral worked at both the Bush White House and the Department of Justice. In July, 2008, Sours became the deputy director of the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans.
- Committee on Finance, United States Senate, "Nomination of Anna Escobedo Cabral to be U.S. Treasurer," S. HRG. 108-811: Hearing Before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, One Hundred Eighth Congress, Second Session (October 8, 2004).
- Barbara Hagenbaugh, "Treasurer promotes value of education," USA Today (November 14, 2006).
- Fresia Rodriguez Cadavid, "An Autograph to Treasure," Latina Style Magazine (January/February 2005).
- Irma Lemus, "From local fields to D.C.," The Sun (May 19, 2005).
- Rebecca Christian, "U.S. Treasurer credits a teacher for her success...", Telegraph-Herald (August 26, 2006).
- "The money maker: Anna Escobedo Cabral, U.S. Treasurer'" Latino Leaders (October 1, 2005). Via Highbeam Research. Accessed on June 26, 2006.
- Michael Hooper, "Newly minted treasurer offers recipe for success- American dream found," The Topeka Capital-Journal (September 16, 2005): 1.
- ""Anna Escobedo Cabral: a presence at the Smithsonian.(My Style)(Biography)," Latino Leaders (October 1, 2004). Ferraez Publications of America Corp. 2004 (via HighBeam Research). Accessed on June 28, 2009.
- United States Department of the Treasury, "Anna Escobedo Cabral," Treasury Officials (archived). Accessed on August 11, 2009.
- Office of Public Affairs, U.S. Department of the Treasury, "Anna Escobedo Cabral Sworn in as U.S. Treasurer," (press release) JS-2203 (January 19, 2005).
- Hispanic PR Wire-US Newswire, "Smithsonian Names Anna Escobedo Cabral Director of the Institution's Center for Latino Initiatives," HispanicBusiness.com (June 9, 2003).
- United States Department of the Treasury, "Treasurers of the U.S.," History the Treasury. Accessed on June 28, 2009.
- "Cabral Sworn in As Treasurer," APOnline.com (January 19, 2005).
- "New U.S. treasurer gets her name on the currency," Associated Press (April 26, 2005). Via the Union-Tribune.
- Lee Benson, "U.S. official treasures basketball," Deseret News (March 29, 2006).
- Bill Luecht, "Treasurer Cabral Appointed As Treasury Designee To Community Development Advisory Board," (press release) US Federal News Service (March 22, 2007).
- White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans "Partnership for Hispanic Family Learning." Accessed on August 18, 2009.
- David Goldman, "Who is Signing Your Money?" CNN Money.com (July 28, 2009).
- "Media Advisory: AARP & LULAC Present Free Health And Economy Forum," (press release) LULAC.org (March 25, 2009).
- "NAB 100-Day DTV Countdown Press Conference: Speaker Biographies (in order of appearance)" DTVAnswers.com, (November 10, 2008): 2.
- Bree Hocking, "From Republican Insider to Martha Stewart Confidant?" Roll Call (September 13, 2005).
- White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans, "Raquel Cabral Sours," (archived) White House Initiative Staff. Accessed on July 27, 2009.
|Treasurer of the United States
Rosa Gumataotao Rios