Anna Hope Hudson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Anna Hope (Nan) Hudson
Photograph of Nan Hudson - about 1908.jpg
Anna Hope (Nan) Hudson, photograph, about 1908
Born Anna Hope Hudson
(1869-09-10)September 10, 1869
New York, New York
Died September 17, 1957(1957-09-17) (aged 88)
Education Eugène Carrière, Henri Evenepoel
Known for Painting

Anna Hope Hudson, generally known as Nan Hudson, (1869-1957) was an American-born artist who lived and worked in France and England. She was the life partner of Ethel Sands.

Early life[edit]

Hudson was born 10 September 1869 in New York. She was the daughter of Colonel Edward McKenny Hudson, who died in 1892, and her mother who died when she was 9 years old. She lived in the United States until she was 24 when she moved to Europe, preferring France of the places she lived and visited.[1] The inheritance that she received was the result of her grandfather's success as a partner of a banknote engraver organization, which later merged to become the American Bank Note Company.[2]

Education[edit]

Hudson began her studies in Paris in 1892 and met fellow art student Ethel Sands, who became her life partner. Like Sands, Hudson was provided a legacy upon her parent's death.[1] They studied under Eugène Carrière in 1896. Henri Evenepoel, a Flemish painter, was Hudson's art instructor beginning in January 1897.[1]

Artist[edit]

Hudson lived and painted with Ethel Sands, dividing their time between France and England. Sands was a socialite who frequently entertained artists and writers when they were in England. Hudson preferred a quieter lifestyle in France, and it was there that Hudson first established herself as an artist.[1][3]

She made a painting of Giudecca Canal after travelling to Venice to paint. It was shown at the Salon d'Automne in Paris in 1906. Walter Sickert, who know Hudson through her association with Sands, he had not known of her works. Impressed, he shared in opinions about her talent and invited her to the Fitzroy Street Group. Sands also joined the group, where both women sometimes attended and often sent paintings for the Saturday "At Homes" sessions.[1]

Walter Richard Sickerta, Miss Hudson at Rowlandson House, 1910

Walter Sickert, who captured her confident, independent manner in Miss Hudson at Rowlandson House that he made about 1910, described Hudson as "the radiant and dashing horsewoman of a young man's dreams." Virginia Woolf said that she dressed stylishly and was "dour and upstanding."[1]

In England, Hudson began exhibiting her works at Leicester Galleries, the New English Art Club and the Allied Artists Association. In 1912 she had a joint show with Sands at the Carfax Gallery. The Fitzroy Street Group and the male member only Camden Town Group[nb 1] merged in 1913 to become the London Group, of which both Sands and Hudson were founding members. Hudson occasionally exhibited her work there until 1938. She also continued to have works shown at the English Art Club. At Sickert's invitation, Hudson occasionally work in his studios and used his models for subjects of her paintings.[1]

Her works, inspired by Edouard Vuillard and Walter Sickert, were in large part destroyed or lost during World War II. There are some remaining works in public collections and one at the Tate.[1]

World wars[edit]

Sands and Hudson established a hospital for soldiers near Dieppe during World War I. It was forced to close down, and they continued their nursing efforts in both France and England.[1]

During World War II, Hudson's house was pillaged and Sand's Chelsea home was destroyed during The Blitz by a parachute mine.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Hudson purchased the 17th-century house, the Château d’Auppegard, in 1920. It was located in the countryside about 10 miles from Dieppe. She had it restored and decorated her beloved house over a period of time.[1]

Sands and Hudson lived together until her death on 17 September 1957.[1]

Works[edit]

Nan Hudson, The Lamb Inn, Wallingford, 1912

Among the works that survived World War II plunders and bombings are:

  • Château d’Auppegard, after 1927, oil on board, 46.2 x 38.2 cm (estimated) Tate, having been bequeathed by Colonel Christopher Sands in 2000[1][5]
  • Harbour, Northern France, Dieppe,oil on board, 35 x 43 cm, Government Art Collection[6]
  • Newington House, Autumn, Oxfordshire, 1913, oil on canvas, 60.8 x 73.1 cm, Derby Museums and Art Gallery[7]
  • The Lamb Inn, Wallingford, 1912
  • The Visitor, oil on canvas, 37.5 x 24.8 cm, York Museums Trust[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Camden Town Group was a male-member organization, but there were female artists like Hudson, Ethel Sands and Marjorie Sherlock that were involved on the periphery.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Nan (Anna Hope) Hudson. Tate. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  2. ^ French Mary Ann Caws Distinguished Professor of English, and Comparative Literature City University of New York Graduate School; French Sarah Bird Wright Distinguished Professor of English, and Comparative Literature City University of New York Graduate School. Bloomsbury and France : Art and Friends: Art and Friends. Oxford University Press; 2 December 1999. ISBN 978-0-19-802781-2. p. 123.
  3. ^ Ethel Sands. Tate. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  4. ^ Ian Chilvers, A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), 110. It was accessed via Questia, a subscription required site.
  5. ^ Chateau d'Auppegard. Your Paintings: Anna Hope Hudson. BBC. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  6. ^ Harbour, Northern France, Dieppe. Your Paintings: Anna Hope Hudson. BBC. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  7. ^ Newington House, Autumn, Oxfordshire. Your Paintings: Anna Hope Hudson. BBC. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  8. ^ The Visitor. Your Paintings: Anna Hope Hudson. BBC. Retrieved 18 January 2014.