Anna Hyatt Huntington
|Anna Hyatt Huntington|
Anna Hyatt Huntington
|Birth name||Anna Vaughn Hyatt|
March 10, 1876|
|Died||October 4, 1973(aged 97)|
|Training||Art Students League of New York|
|Awards||Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur|
Anna Vaughn Hyatt Huntington (March 10, 1876 – October 4, 1973) was an American sculptor.
Life and career
Huntington was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Her father, Alpheus Hyatt, was a professor of paleontology and zoology at Harvard University and MIT, and served as a contributing factor to her early interest in animals and animal anatomy. Anna Hyatt first studied with Henry Hudson Kitson in Boston, who threw her out after she identified equine anatomical deficiencies in his work (Rubenstein 1990).[full citation needed] Later she studied with Hermon Atkins MacNeil and Gutzon Borglum at the Art Students League of New York. In addition to these formal studies she spent many hours doing extensive study of animals in various zoos and circuses. She was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the 3rd Sculpture International held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the summer of 1949.
Huntington and her husband, Archer Milton Huntington, founded Brookgreen Gardens near Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. She was a member of the National Academy of Design and the National Sculpture Society and a donation of $100,000 from her and her husband made possible the NSS Exhibition of 1929. Because of her husband's enormous wealth and the shared interests of the couple, the Huntingtons were responsible for founding fourteen museums and four wildlife preserves. They also gifted Collis P. Huntington State Park, consisting of approximately 800 acres (3.2 km2) of land in Redding, Connecticut, to the State of Connecticut.
Death and legacy
Anna Vaughn Hyatt Huntington died October 4, 1973. She is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York, next to her husband Archer Milton Huntington who preceded her in death on December 11, 1955.
Public equestrian monuments
Her animal sculptures, figures of both life-sized and in smaller proportions, are in museums and collections throughout the United States. She spent two years collaborating with Abastenia St. Leger Eberle to produce Man and Bull, which was exhibited at the St. Louis Exposition in 1904.
The Hispanic Society of America was founded in 1904 by her husband, Archie Huntington. Anna was responsible for the art in its courtyard, including:
- the towering 1927 bronze statue, El Cid—there are also editions in Seville, Spain, Lincoln Park, San Francisco, Balboa Park, San Diego, and Buenos Aires, Argentina
- the four bronze Castillian warriors around the El Cid statue,
- the bronze flagpole bases,
- the limestone bas-relief of Don Quixote, and
- the limestone bas-relief of Boabdil, the last Moorish king of Spain.
Two statues by Anna Hyatt Huntington grace the entrance to Collis P. Huntington State Park in Redding and Bethel, Connecticut. One statue shows a mother bear with her cubs and the other statue shows two wolves howling. The park was donated to the state of Connecticut by the Huntingtons.
Huntington's Joan of Arc stands at the intersection of Riverside Drive and Ninety-third Street in Manhattan. The work earned her the first-place award at an exhibit in Paris in 1910 that was taken back when the judges stated that it was too good to have been created by a woman.
Los Portadores de la Antorcha ("The Torch-bearers"), cast aluminum, Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid
Los Portadores de la Antorcha ("The Torch-bearers"), cast bronze, Discovery Museum and Planetarium, Bridgeport, Connecticut
Mother Bear and Cubs, at Earthplace, Westport, Connecticut
Don Quixote, aluminum 1947, Brookgreen Gardens, Murrells Inlet, South Carolina
Sybil Ludington, 1961, Lake Carmel, New York
Young Abe Lincoln on Horseback, bronze 1963, on the campus of the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, New York
El Cid Campeador, bronze 1923, the central sculpture at the entrance to the Hispanic Society of America, New York City
Cid Campeador, a monument to El Cid in Seville
- Atalaya and Brookgreen Gardens, a National Historic Landmark site in South Carolina
- Berkshire Museum, Massachusetts
- "Anna Hyatt Huntington Papers". Syracuse University. Retrieved December 29, 2011.
- John P. O'Neill, ed. (2001). American Sculpture in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: A catalogue of works by artists born between 1865 and 1885. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 600. ISBN 0-87099-923-0.
- Anna Vaughn Hyatt Huntington at Find a Grave
- Archer Milton Huntington at Find a Grave
- "Anna Hyatt Huntington Papers An inventory of her papers at Syracuse University". Library.syr.edu. Retrieved 2013-01-14.
- Archives of American Art. "Summary of the Anna Hyatt-Huntington papers, 1902-1967 | Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution". Aaa.si.edu. Retrieved 2013-01-14.
- Dare, Kitty. "The Hispanic Society Sculptural Program". Media Center for Art History at Columbia University. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- Christen, Arden G., and Joan A. Christen. 2007. "An Ethical Lesson Learned from the Equestrian Sculpture, "The Torch Bearers," at the University of Madrid Dental School," Journal of the History of Dentistry 55(3): 160-164. Accessed: March 8, 2013.
- Wright, Robert. 2011, May 31. "Buenos Aires: Monumento al Cid Campeador," Line of Sight (blog). Accessed: March 8, 2013.
- Armstrong, Craven, et al., 200 Years of American Sculpture, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, 1976.
- Craven, Wayne, Sculpture in America, Thomas Y. Crowell Co, New York, 1968.
- Evans, Cerinda W., Anna Hyatt Huntington, The Mariners Museum, Newport News, Virginia, 1965.
- National Sculpture Society, Contemporary American Sculpture 1929, National Sculpture Society, New York, 1929.
- Proske, Beatrice Gilman, Brookgreen Gardens Sculpture, Brookgreen Gardens, South Carolina, 1968.
- Opitz, Glenn B, Editor, Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers, Apollo Book, Poughkeepsie, New York, 1986.
- Rubenstein, Charlotte Streifer, American Women Sculptors, G.K. Hall & Co., Boston, 1990.
- Leary, Joseph, A Shared Landscape: A Guide & History of Connecticut's State Parks & Forests, Friends of Connecticut State Parks Inc., Hartford, CT, 2004.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anna Hyatt Huntington.|
- Anna Hyatt Huntington at Find a Grave
- Anna Hyatt Huntington Papers at Syracuse University
- Oral history interview with Anna Hyatt-Huntington, (ca. 1964)