Anna Karenina (1948 film)
Original Spanish film poster
|Directed by||Julien Duvivier|
|Produced by||Alexander Korda|
|Written by||Julien Duvivier
Leo Tolstoy (novel)
Sally Ann Howes
|Music by||Constant Lambert|
|Edited by||Russell Lloyd|
|Distributed by||British Lion Films & London Films (United Kingdom)
20th Century Fox (United States)
|Release dates||22 January 1948|
|Running time||139 minutes|
|Box office||₤149,414 (UK)|
The film was directed by Julien Duvivier, and starred Vivien Leigh in the title role. It was produced by Alexander Korda for his company, London Films, and distributed in the United States by 20th Century Fox. The screenplay was by Jean Anouilh, Julien Duvivier and Guy Morgan, music by Constant Lambert, decors by André Andrejew and deep focus cinematography by Henri Alekan.
Anna Karenina (Vivien Leigh) is married to Alexei Karenin (Ralph Richardson), a cold government official in St Petersburg who is apparently more interested in his career than in satisfying the emotional needs of his wife. Called to Moscow by her brother Stepan Oblonsky (Hugh Dempster), a reprobate who has been unfaithful to his trusting wife Dolly (Mary Kerridge) once too often, Anna meets Countess Vronsky (Helen Haye) on the night train. They discuss their sons, with the Countess showing Anna a picture of her son Count Vronsky (Kieron Moore), a cavalry officer.
Vronsky shows up at the train to meet his mother, and is instantly infatuated with Anna. He boldly makes his interest known to her, which Anna demurely pushes away – but not emphatically so. At a grand ball, Vronsky continues to pursue the married Anna, much to the delight of the gossiping spectators. But poor Kitty Shcherbatsky (Sally Ann Howes), Dolly's sister who is smitten with Vronsky, is humiliated by his behaviour and leaves the ball – much to the distress of Konstantin Levin (Niall MacGinnis), a suitor of Kitty's who was rejected by her in favour of Vronsky. However, after a change of heart, Kitty marries Levin.
Boldly following Anna back to St Petersburg, Vronsky makes it known to society that he is the companion of Anna – a notion she does nothing to stop. Soon, society is whispering about the affair, and it's only a matter of time before Karenin learns of the relationship. Outwardly more worried about his social and political position than his wife's passion, he orders her to break off with Vronsky or risk losing her son. She tries, but cannot tear herself away from Vronsky.
Leaving Karenin, Anna becomes pregnant with Vronsky's child. Almost dying in childbirth (the child is stillborn), Anna begs Karenin for forgiveness, which he coldly grants. Karenin, being magnanimous, allows Vronsky the notion that he may visit Anna if she calls for him. Embarrassed by the scandal, Vronsky tries to shoot himself, but fails.
Anna tries again to live with Karenin, but cannot get Vronsky out of her head. She leaves Karenin for good, abandoning her child to live in Italy with Vronsky. But her doubts over Vronsky's feelings for her grow, and she eventually pushes him away. Realizing that she has lost everything, Anna walks onto the railway tracks and commits suicide by letting the train hit her.
- Vivien Leigh as Anna Karenina
- Ralph Richardson as Alexei Karenin
- Kieron Moore as Count Vronsky
- Hugh Dempster as Stefan Oblonsky
- Mary Kerridge as Dolly Oblonsky
- Marie Lohr as Princess Shcherbatsky
- Frank Tickle
- Sally Ann Howes as Kitty Shcherbatsky
- Niall MacGinnis as Konstantin Levin
- Bernard Rebel as Professor Leverrin
- Michael Gough as Nicholai (Gough's film debut)
- Martita Hunt
- Heather Thatcher
- Helen Haye as Countess Vronsky
- Michael Medwin as Kitty's doctor
- Gino Cervi
- Beckett Bould
- Leslie Bradley
- Therese Giehse
- John Longden
- Mary Martlew
- Valentina Murch
- Judith Nelmes
- Ruby Miller
- John Salew
- Patrick Skipwith
- Ann South
- Jeremy Spenser
- Austin Trevor
- Gus Verney
Filming started on April 15, 1947.
The film was picketed at some cinemas in the USA by members of the anti-British organisation, the Sons of Liberty.
- "THE STARRY WAY.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 21 February 1948. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- Karol Kulik, Alexander Korda: The Man Who Could Work Miracles, Virgin 1990 p 303
- Vincent Porter, 'The Robert Clark Account', Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Vol 20 No 4, 2000
- "BRITISH ACTOR WILL RETURN HOME.". Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 10 July 1947. p. 8. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "VIVIEN LEIGH FOB TOLSTOY FILM.". Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 11 April 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "FILM PICKETING.". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954) (Broken Hill, NSW: National Library of Australia). 23 August 1948. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- Anna Karenina at the Internet Movie Database
- Anna Karenina at the TCM Movie Database
- Anna Karenina at AllMovie
- Anna Karenina at Rotten Tomatoes