Anna Levinson

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Anna Levinson

Anna Levinson (born January 8, 1939 in Tel-Aviv) is a German zoologist, specialized in general and applied entomology. She lives with her husband de:Hermann Levinson in Starnberg and has been working at the Max Planck Institute for Behavioral Physiology since 1971, and at the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology since 2004 in Seewiesen and Erling (Upper Bavaria, Germany).[1][2]

She graduated from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Science, with a Ph.D. on June 6, 1972. She was awarded the Karl Leopold Escherich-Medal on February 26, 2OO7 in Innsbruck, Austria by DGaaE (Deutsche Gesellschaft für allgemeine und angewandte Entomologie).

Life and work[edit]

Anna Levinson was born on January 8, 1939 in Tel-Aviv and is a German zoologist, specialized in general and economic entomology. She lives with her husband Hermann Levinson in Starnberg and is working at the Max- Planck-Institute for Behavioural Physiology since 1971 and at the Max-Planck-Institute for Ornithology since 2OO4 in Seewiesen and Erling (Upper Bavaria, Germany).

Life[edit]

Anna Levinson is the daughter of the Engineer Isaac Bar-Ilan and the Mathematician Frieda Bar-Ilan. After graduating from a mathematics - and science – oriented Gymnasium, she earned a teaching diploma and taught biology at a junior High School. She studied botany, zoology, parasitology, chemistry, and graduated with the degree of M.Sc. (Magister Scientiarum) from the Faculty of Science of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1964. Within her M.Sc. research, she investigated the sound patterns and corresponding behavioural responses produced by Locusta migratoria and Schistocerca gregaria (Acrididae,Caelifera).

She also performed doctoral research under the supervision of Professors R.Galun and E.Rivnay on the possible utilization of insect attractants and repellents for suppressing the density of harmful insect populations, particularly in the phytophagous cotton leafworm Spodoptera littoralis (Noctuidae,Lepidoptera), the haematophagous bedbug Cimex lectularius (Cimicidae,Hemiptera) and the cereal feeding khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium (Dermestidae,Coleoptera). Eventually she received the degree of Ph.D. from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1972.

Between 1965 and 1968 Anna Levinson delivered courses of entomology to students at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She also performed research on the biological control of pest insect populations, particularly the scale insect Parlatoria blanchardii (Coccoidea, Stenorrhyncha) utilizing various species of the coccinellid genera Chilocorus and Scymnus. She also investigated the aggregation and dispersal behaviour of the bedbug species Cimex lectularius and eventually discovered the intraspecific assembling and alarm pheromones of the above hemipteran.

In 1971, she became a research associate of the Max Planck Institute for Behavioural Physiology (Seewiesen, Upper Bavaria) and performed research, together with her husband Hermann Levinson, on the nutritional and sensory physiology of certain harmful insect and mite species, particularly on the molecular structure and mode of action of kairomones, sex pheromones and other stimuli of possible value in producing insectistasis and acaristasis. Insectistasis depends on the use of pheromones to trap, confuse or inhibit mating, in order to keep pest populations below a level, in which they may cause significant economic damage. Since 1988, Anna Levinson and Hermann Levinson are working together on the ethnozoology of harmful and harmless animal species prevalent in the ancient Orient and classical Antiquity.

Achievements[edit]

Anna Levinson has collaborated with national and international research teams like those of Wittko Francke (1, see below), Christoph Reichmuth (2, see below), Kenji Mori (3, see below), Robert M. Silverstein (4, see below) and Prof.Dr Konstantin Buchelos (5, see below) investigating the mode of action and employment of pheromone traps for stored product beetles and moths, particularly khapra beetles, hide beetles, tobacco beetles, grain moths, meal moths, flour moths, tobacco moths as well as almond moths. These traps were eventually patented in numerous countries and are routinely used until now. They significantly reduce the number of insecticidal treatments required in the storage environment.

(1) FRANCKE, W., LEVINSON, A., JEN, T.L., & LEVINSON, H. 1979 : Carbonsäure-isopropylester - eine neue Klasse von Insektenpheromonen. Angewandte Chemie 91, 843-844.

LEVINSON, H., LEVINSON, A. & FRANCKE, W. 1980 : Feeding aggregants in the faeces of Dermestes maculatus De Geer. Naturwissenschaften 67, 463-464.

LEVINSON, H., LEVINSON, A., FRANCKE, W., MACKENROTH, W. & HEEMANN, V. 1982 : Suppressed pheromone responses of male Tobacco beetles to anhydroserricornin in presence of serricornin. Naturwissenschaften 69, 454-455.

(2) REICHMUTH, C., SCHMIDT, H.-U., LEVINSON, A. & LEVINSON, H. 1978 : Die Fängigkeit pheromonbeköderter Klebefallen für Speichermotten (Ephestia elutella Hbn.) in unterschiedlich dicht befallenen Getreidelagern. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie 86, 2O5-212.

(3) LEVINSON, H., LEVINSON, A. & MORI, K. 1981 : Olfactory behaviour and receptor potentials of two Khapra beetle strains induced by enantiomers of Trogodermal. Naturwissenschaften 67, 48O-481.

MORI, K., KUWAHARA, S., LEVINSON, H. & LEVINSON, A. 1982 : Synthesis and biological activity of both (E) and (Z)-isomers of optically pure (S)-14-methyl-8--hexadecenal (Trogodermal), the antipodes of the pheromone of the Khapra beetle. Tetrahedron 38, 2291-2297.

(4) LEVINSON, A. & LEVINSON, H., SCHWEIGER, H., CASSIDY, R.F. & SILVERSTEIN, R.M. 1978 : Olfactory behavior and receptor potentials of the Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium (Coleoptera : Dermestidae), induced by the major components of its sex pheromone, certain analogues and fatty acid esters. Journal of Chemical Ecology 4, 95-1O8.

SILVERSTEIN, R.M, CASSIDY, R.F., BURKHOLDER, W.E, SHAPAS, T.J., LEVINSON, H., LEVINSON, A. & MORI, K. 1980 : Perception by Trogoderma species of chirality and methyl branching at a site far removed from the functional group in a pheromone component. Journal of Chemical Ecology 6, 911-917.

(5) BUCHELOS C.T. & LEVINSON, A. 1985 : Population dynamics of Ephestia elutella (Huebner) in tobacco stores with and without insecticidal treatments: a survey by pheromone and unbaited traps. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie 1OO, 68-78.

LEVINSON, A. & BUCHELOS, C.T. 1988 : Population dynamics of Lasioderma serricorne (F.) (Col.,Anobiidae) in tobacco stores with and without insecticidal treatments : a three years-survey by pheomone and unbaited traps. Journal of Applied Entomology 1O6, 2O1-211.

Patents[edit]

  • „Vorrichtung zur Lokalisierung und Bekämpfung von flugfähigen Lagerraum-Schadinsekten...“ Prof. Dr. Hermann Levinson, Dr. Anna-Rose Levinson (Starnberg), Dr.-Ing. Christoph Reichmuth, Dr.Richard Wohlgemuth (Berlin)

BRD-Patentschrift DE 2641729 C2, veröffentlicht 13.5.1982.

  • „A method for the recognition and control of destructive insects in store-rooms...“ Dr. Hermann Levinson, Dr. Anna-Rose Levinson, Dr.-Ing. Christoph Reichmuth, Dr.Richard Wohlgemuth.

UK Patent No. 1590756, sealed 12.8.1981.

  • „Verfahren zur Früherkennung, Lokalisierung und Bekämpfung von Lagerraum-Schadinsekten...“ Prof. Dr. Hermann Levinson, Dr. Anna-Rose Levinson (Starnberg), Dr.-Ing. Christoph Reichmuth, Dr.Richard Wohlgemuth (Berlin-West).

Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft Patent Nr. 614349, erteilt 30.11.1977.

  • „Verfahren zur Früherkennung, Lokalisierung und Bekämpfung von Khaprakäfern...“ Prof. Dr. Hermann Levinson, Dr. Anna-Rose Levinson (Starnberg), Prof.Dr.Wendell E. Burkholder (Madison, Wis.), Prof.Dr. Robert Milton Silverstein, Robert F. Cassidy (Syracuse, N.Y.).

BRD-Patentschrift 2644217, veröffentlicht 6.12.1979.

  • „Method for early detection, localization and control of khapra beetles...“ Hermann Levinson, Anna-Rose Levinson (Starnberg), Wendell E. Burkholder (Madison, Wis.), Robert Milton Silverstein, Robert F. Cassidy (Syracuse, N.Y.).

U.S.-Patent No. 4227333, published 14.10.1980.

Awards[edit]

Anna Levinson is a member of the German Society of general and applied Entomology (DGaaE) as well as the Entomological Society of Munich (MEG). Because of her numerous achievements and publications, she received worldwide recognition as a Leading Scientist of the World for 2006, rendered by the International Biographical Centre of Cambridge, England. She was also awarded the Honorary Medal of Karl Leopold Escherich, rendered by Prof.Dr. Gerald Moritz, President of the German Society of general and applied Entomology (DGaaE) in 2007.

Works[edit]

  • "Alfred Elbert - Laudatio für Frau Dr. Anna Levinson und Herrn Professor Dr. Hermann Levinson anlässlich der Verleihung der Karl-Escherich-Medaille der Deutschen Gesellschaft für allgemeine und angewandte Entomologie am 26. Februar 2007 in Innsbruck"., Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. allg. angew. Ent. 16, 2008, p. 9
  • "Magic Spells to combat Pests". Gottfried Plehn, Max-Planck-Research, pages 58–61.(2OO2)
  • Gutsmiedel, D. 2OO3: Die ägyptischen Plagegeister. Bild der Wissenschaft 6, 7O-72
  • Bar-Ilan (i.e. Levinson), A., Shulov, A. & Penner, M.P. 1969 : "The stridulation of sexually mature males of Locusta migratoria migratorioides (R. & F.) in relation to temperature and some other factors". Physiological Zoology 42, 417- 428
  • Levinson, H., Levinson, A., Müller, B. & Steinbrecht, R.A. 1974 : "Structure of sensilla, olfactory perception and behaviour of the bedbug Cimex lectularius, in response to its alarm pheromone". Journal of Insect Physiology 2O;;, 1231–1248
  • Levinson, H., Levinson, A. & Maschwitz, U. 1974 : "Action and composition of the alarm pheromone of the bedbug Cimex lectularius", L. Naturwissenschaften 61, 684-685
  • Levinson, A. & Levinson, H., Schweiger, H., Cassidy ,R.F. & Silverstein, R.M. 1978 : "Olfactory behavior and receptor potentials of the Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium (Coleoptera: Dermestidae), induced by the major components of its sex pheromone, certain analogues and fatty acid esters". Journal of Chemical Ecology 4, 95-1O8
  • Levinson, H. & Levinson,A. 1982 : "Attractifs, repulsifs et pheromones en tant qu’insectistatiques dans le milieu de stockage". Les Cahiers de la Recherche Agronomique 39, 189-216
  • Levinson, H., Levinson, A. & Müller, K. 1991 : "Functional adaptation of two nitrogenous waste products in evoking attraction and aggregation of flour mites" (Acarus siro L.). Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz 64, 55-6O
  • "Levinson, H. & Levinson, A. 2001 : "Insekten als Symbole göttlicher Verehrung und Schädlinge des Menschen.". Einleitung" (S. 9), 1. Goethes Insekten und Insekten-Nachbildungen in Weimar (S. 11), 2. Kulturgeschichtliche Bedeutung der heiligen Käfer in Altägypten (S. 33), 3. Die Anfänge der Schädlingsabwehr im orientalischen Altertum (S.77), 4. Steuerung vorratsschädlicher Insektenpopulationen mittels Insektistasis (S. 107). SPIXIANA Supplementband 27, 1-119. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Wolfratshauser Straße 27, 81379 München
  • "Levinson, H. & Levinson, A. 2002 : Insectistasis as a means of controlling pest populations in the storage environment". In: Encyclopedia of Pest Management, pgs. 4O2-4O6. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.
  • Levinson, A. & Levinson, H. 1995 : "Reflections on structure and function of pheromone glands in storage insect species". Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz 68, 99-118

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://d-nb.info/gnd/123447828/about/html
  2. ^ "Nachtrag 2012". Hermann und Anna Levinson. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 

External links[edit]