Anna Philanthropene

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Anna Philanthropene (fl. 1395–1404) was the second Empress consort of Manuel III of Trebizond.

Family[edit]

Anna was the daughter of Manuel Angelos Philanthropenos, Caesar of the Byzantine Empire and governor of Thessaly.[1] Manuel ruled Thessaly from c. 1390 until it was conquered by Bayezid I of the Ottoman Empire in 1394.

Her paternal grandfather, or more likely uncle, was Alexios Angelos Philanthropenos, also a Caesar, who was governor of Thessaly from c. 1373 to 1390. Her maternal grandmother, or more likely aunt-in-law, was Maria Radoslava.[2]

Empress[edit]

Gulkhan-Eudokia of Georgia, Manuel's first wife and Empress consort of Trebizond died 2 May 1395.[3] On 4 September of that year, Eudokia, Manuel's sister and the widow of Tadjeddin Pasha of Sinop and Emir of Limnia, arrived from Constantinople at Kordyle with Anna Philanthropene and Theodora Kantakouzene; these women had come to wed, respectively Manuel III and her nephew Alexios. The combined wedding took place the following day in Trebizond.[4]

The ambassador to Tamerlane, Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo met Manuel III and his family April 1404 while passing through Trebizond, and alludes to Anna Philanthropene as being alive.[1] Manuel died on 5 March 1417; whether Anna survived him is unknown. Thierry Ganchou claims to have identified a son of Manuel and Anna, who was alive as late as 1423, and old enough to marry Eudokia, the daughter of the protostrator Manuel Palaiologos Kantakouzenos.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b William Miller, Trebizond: The last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era: 1204-1461, 1926 (Chicago: Argonaut, 1969), p. 72
  2. ^ Cawley, Charles, Profile of the Philanthropenos family, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012 ,[better source needed]
  3. ^ Michael Panaretos, Chronicle, 48. Greek text in Original-Fragmente, Chroniken, Inschiften und anderes Materiale zur Geschichte des Kaiserthums Trapezunt, part 2; in Abhandlungen der historischen Classe der königlich bayerischen Akademie 4 (1844), abth. 1, p. 54; German translation, p. 68
  4. ^ Panaretos, Chronicle, 55. Greek text in Original-Fragmente, p. 40; German translation, p. 68
  5. ^ Thierry Ganchou, "A propos d'un cheval de race: un dynaste de Trebizonde en exil a Constantinople au debut du XVe siècle," Mare et Litora: Essays Presented to Sergei Karpov for his 60th Birthday, edited by Rustam Shukurov, (Moscow: Indrik, 2009), pp. 553-575

External links[edit]

Royal titles
Preceded by
Gulkhan-Eudokia of Georgia
Empress consort of Trebizond
1395–c. 1417
Succeeded by
Theodora Kantakouzene