Anna Plains Station

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Anna Plains Station is located in Western Australia
Anna Plains Station
Anna Plains Station
Location in Western Australia
Motor Car at Anna Plains in 1935

Anna Plains Station is a cattle station in the Kimberley region of Western Australia

Location[edit]

The station is situated on the Western Australian coast 250 kilometres (155 mi) south of Broome. It lies in the Shire of Broome in the Kimberley region and in the Dampierland bioregion. It is 3,600 square kilometres (1,390 sq mi) in area and runs over 20,000 head of cattle.[1] Anna Plains is operating under the Crown Lease number CL56-1982 and has the Land Act number LA3114/1154.

Ecology[edit]

The property adjoins Eighty Mile Beach, which is one of Australia's most important sites for migratory waders, and is listed under the Ramsar Convention as a wetland of international importance. That part of the station subject to periodic flooding forms part of the 3,337 square kilometres (1,288 sq mi) Mandora Marsh and Anna Plains Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for supporting large numbers of waders and waterbirds.[2]

History[edit]

The traditional owners of the area is the Kardjari peoples to the north and the Njangamarda Kundal and Njangamarda Uparuka peoples to the south.[3]

In 1903 the station was owned by the partners, Percy and Felde, who then went to court over selling the station in 1905.[4]

The MacRobertson Expedition visited the area in June 1928, who described the station of being over 1 million acres in extent and famed for its shorthorn cattle. It was also noted that the expedition wireless was a source of great curiosity to the station's indigenous employees.[5]

Mr F. S. McMullen was the station owner in 1933. He petitioned the minister of agriculture to dispose of 10,000 head of cattle with a view to changing over to sheep. The request was made as the owner was unable to move his stock north through country infested with bush tick and new restrictions meant he was unable to move his cattle south because of pleuro-pneumonia and buffalo fly infestations.[6]

The station was subject to heavy rains in 1934 with 9 inches (229 mm) of rain falling during the course of a storm, leaving the country under water for hundreds of miles. A passenger aeroplane flying from Port Hedland to Broome that was caught in the storm was forced to land at the station.[7] At least 800 head were overlanded to the Meekatharra sales yeard later the same year and were the first cattle in the state to be subject to the Turner test for pleuro-pneumonia prior to sale.[8] The station was stocked with approximately 10,000 head of cattle at this time.[9]

In 1935 a trapper, Daniel Joseph O'Brien, was found murdered near the station property. His body was exhumed from a shallow grave, as was the body of an aboriginal man and both were taken back to the homestead.[10]

Following a cyclone in 1936, the station manager found the carcasses of 7 mules, 49 horses and 102 head of cattle that had been swept into the sea and drowned.[11] During the storm it was estimated that 3.5 inches (89 mm) of rain fell, damage included several windmills being blown over and a part of the homestead being destroyed.[12]

A drought in 1945 left the cattle in very bad condition with many dying.[13]

1,100 head of cattle were taken overland from the station to the railway at Meekatharra in 1948 by the drover Georg Solvay.[14]

1,200 head of cattle were loaded at Ninety Mile Beach from the station in 1954 onto the LST landing craft Wan Kuo in the first shipment of its kind from Western Australia. The cattle were penned in batches of 15 along with about 10 tons of feed in readiness to be shipped to Manila.[15]

In 1959 the Talgarno village was built on land exised from the station. Talgarno was a British government project to test the accuracy of Blue Streak Rockets fired from Woomera. The village included housing, a hospital, swimming pools and a cinema.[16]

In 2010 the station was leased by the Anna Plains Cattle Company Pty Ltd. under the management of John Stoate.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Anna Plains Cattle Co.
  2. ^ BirdLife International. (2011). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mandora Marsh and Anna Plains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10 August 2011
  3. ^ "Ausanthrop – Australian Aboriginal tribal database". 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "Nor'-West Partners.". The Daily News (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 11 May 1905. p. 4 Edition: Third Edition. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "MacRobertson Expedition.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 – 1954) (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 14 June 1928. p. 7. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Stock restrictions". Western Mail (Western Australia) (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 29 June 1933. p. 32. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "Aeroplanes Inconvenienced.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 – 1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 2 April 1934. p. 5. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "The Pastoralist". The Western Mail (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 6 September 1934. p. 50. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "On the land". The West Australian (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 18 May 1934. p. 14. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Murdered by natives". Western Argus (Kalgoorlie, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 26 November 1935. p. 17. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "Livestock swept into sea". Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, New South Wales: National Library of Australia). 31 January 1936. p. 1. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  12. ^ "Devastation at Anna Plains.". Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA : 1905 – 1952) (Carnarvon, WA: National Library of Australia). 15 January 1936. p. 3. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "Heavy rain at Broome.". The West Australian (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 2 February 1945. p. 6. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  14. ^ "Bamboo Springs Clip.". The West Australian (Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia). 26 July 1948. p. 14 Edition: 2nd Edition. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "L.S.T. Cattle Shipment: Loading Starts.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 – 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 31 July 1954. p. 3. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  16. ^ "ABC News – Blue Streak rocket program". 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 19°15′12″S 121°29′15″E / 19.25333°S 121.48750°E / -19.25333; 121.48750