Anna Sophia of Prussia

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Anna Sophia of Prussia
1527 Anna Sophia.jpg
Anna Sophia of Prussia, Duchess of Mecklenburg
Spouse(s) John Albert I, Duke of Mecklenburg
Noble family House of Hohenzollern
Father Albert, Duke in Prussia
Mother Dorothea of Denmark
Born (1527-06-11)11 June 1527
Königsberg
Died 6 February 1591(1591-02-06) (aged 63)
Lübz
Buried Schwerin Cathedral

Anna Sophia of Prussia (11 June 1527 in Königsberg – 6 February 1591 in Lübz) was a German noblewoman. She was a duchess in Prussia by birth and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg.

Life[edit]

Anna Sophie was the oldest and only surviving child of Duke Albert of Prussia (1490-1568) from his first marriage with Dorothea (1504-1547), a daughter of King Frederick I of Denmark. From her mother, she received an extensive education in naturopathy and gynecology.[1] Already in 1546, the estates of Prussia agreed to a so-called "dowry tax" to provide the dowry of 30000 guilders she would receive when she married.

She married on 24 February 1555 in Wismar to Duke John Albert I of Mecklenburg (1525-1576). As a wedding gift, her father mediated in a dispute between her husband and his brother Ulrich, Duke of Mecklenburg.[2] On the occasion of his marriage, Duke John Albert I had the Fürstenhof Palace in Wismar remodeled in a Renaissance style. After the wedding, John Albert I and his bride moved into this palace.[3]

John Albert I and Anna Sophia had three sons; she was described as a loving mother.[4] John Albert I remained a loyal ally to his father-in-law, in the Holy Roman Empire as well as in Livonia. Since Duke Albert had no surviving sons of his own, he attempted several times, unsuccessfully, to make John Albert I his heir and successor in the Duchy of Prussia.

After John Albert I died in 1576, Anna Sophia retired to her Wittum in Lübz, where she died in 1591. She was buried in Schwerin Cathedral.

Issue[edit]

Anna Sophia and her husband had three sons:

  • Albert (1556–1561), titular Duke of Mecklenburg
  • John VII (1558-1592), ruling Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1576 to 1592, married in 1588 to Duchess Sophia of Holstein-Gottorp (1569-1634)
  • Sigismund August, (1560–1600), titular Duke of Mecklenburg, married in 1593 to Duchess Maria Clara of Pomerania-Barth (1574-1623)

References[edit]

  • Karl Friedrich Pauli: Allgemeine preussische Staatsgeschichte, C. P. Francken, 1762, p. 458
  • Dietmar Willoweit, Hans Lemberg: Reiche und Territorien in Ostmitteleuropa: historische Beziehungen und politische Herrschaftslegitimation, Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, Munich, 2006, p. 64 f.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Martina Schattkowsky: Witwenschaft in der frühen Neuzeit: fürstliche und adlige Witwen zwischen Fremd- und Selbstbestimmung, Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig, 2003, p. 207
  2. ^ Karl Friedrich Pauli: Allgemeine preussische Staats-Geschichte, C. P. Francken, 1762, p. 443
  3. ^ Christiane Petri: ADAC Reiseführer Plus Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, ADAC Verlag DE, Munich, 2006, p. 19
  4. ^ Friedrich August von Rudloff: Neuere Geschichte von Mecklenburg, Stiller, 1822, S. 27