Anne Beadell Highway
|Anne Beadell Highway
Western Australia – South Australia
|Anne Beadell Highway in South Australia. Heavy rain has washed out corrugations|
|Length||1,340 km (833 mi)|
|West end||Leonora-Laverton Road,
|East end|| Stuart Highway,
|Permits||1 to 4 required|
The Anne Beadell Highway is an outback unsealed track linking Coober Pedy, South Australia, and Laverton, Western Australia, a total distance of 1,340 km (830 mi). The track was surveyed and built by Len Beadell, Australian surveyor, who named it after his wife.
The track passes through remote arid deserts and scrub territory of South Australia and Western Australia, which often have summer temperatures as high as 50°C. Sand dunes predominate for a major part of the track.
The road was constructed to provide access for a series of surveys adding to the overall geodetic survey of unexplored parts of Australia. The information was required for rocket range projects at Woomera. Construction was completed in five stages, spanning nine years from 1953 to 1962. The first stage from Mabel Creek station near Coober Pedy, west towards Emu, was built in February and March 1953 to provide access for British atomic tests at Emu. The second stage was begun in July 1957 in the reverse direction, from Anne's Corner towards Emu, after Len Beadell had completed the Mount Davies Road from Mt. Davies to Anne's Corner connecting the Gunbarrel Highway to the south. The third stage was commenced in August 1961, running westward from Anne's Corner to Vokes Hill. The fourth stage proceeded west from Vokes Hill in April 1962, beyond Serpentine Lakes to the present Neale Junction. At Neale Junction in July 1962 the north-south Connie Sue Highway was constructed prior to the last stage of the Anne Beadell Highway, which was completed at Laverton on 17 November 1962.
Beadell put considerable effort into rediscovering Vokes Hill while surveying the track, as a new device called a Tellurometer was being introduced. It used radio waves for distance measurement, thus requiring high points for operation.
Fuel and supplies
The track is suitable for only well provisioned and experienced four wheel drivers. There are no settlements between Coober Pedy and Laverton. A roadhouse named Ilkurlka in Western Australia, opened in 2003, 165 km (103 mi) west of the South Australia border at the intersection of the Madura Loongana Track (Aboriginal Business Road) and the Anne Beadell Highway. The roadhouse caters mainly for local Aboriginal communities and may be the most isolated roadhouse in Australia. There are still no provisions for the 750 km (470 mi) between Ilkurlka and Coober Pedy.
Places of interest
Neale Junction is 172 km (107 mi) west of Ilkurlka, which is where the Anne Beadell Highway intersects with the Connie Sue Highway, another outback track constructed by Len Beadell.
The track passes through the former British atomic test site of Emu Field, rabbit and dog fences, restricted nature conservation areas, and Aboriginal lands, all of which require permits to pass through. Permits are available from the Department of Indigenous Affairs and are free.
Also of interest is the wreck of a light aircraft near the track in Western Australia. The road also passes through Mamungari Conservation Park, one of Australia's twelve World Biosphere Reserves that contain pristine arid zone wilderness and possess cultural significance.
Because the track is remote and not signposted, GPS is advisable and HF radio or satellite phone are recommended. In good conditions, it may take 5 days to complete the journey. However, hazards such as flat tyres, breakdowns, and the occasional flash floods must be taken into account.
- Gunbarrel Road Construction Party
- Highways in Australia
- List of highways in South Australia
- List of highways in Western Australia
- Hema Maps (2005). Australia’s Great Desert Tracks SW Sheet (Map). Eight Mile Plains Queensland. ISBN 1-86500-161-9.
- Beadell, Len (1967). Bush Bashers. New Holland Publishers (Australia). ISBN 1-86436-734-2.
- Beadell, Len (1971). Bush Bashers. New Holland Publishers (Australia). p. 3. ISBN 1864367342.
- Bayly, Ian (2009). Len Beadell's Legacy. Seaford Vic 3198: Bas Publishing. p. 82. ISBN 9781921496028.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anne Beadell Highway.|
- Anne Beadell Highway (ExplorOz) ExplorOZ web page on Anne Beadell Hwy.
- Australia's Biosphere Reserves