She joined the United Way of Greater Toronto, Canada's largest annual fundraising campaign and non-governmental distributor of funds to the social services, in 1982 and was its President from 1987 to 2001. From 2001 until 2012, she was the President and CEO of The Conference Board of Canada. In April 2012 she was named Distinguished Visiting Scholar and Special Advisor at Ryerson University
She was director of research for the Ontario Liberal Party and special advisor to the Leader of the Opposition. She taught at Newark College of Engineering, the University of Toronto, and York University.
In 2003, she was made a Member of the Order of Canada. She has received five honorary doctorates, from McMaster University (2011), the University of Calgary (2011), University of Toronto (2002), York University (2000) and Ryerson Polytechnic University (1997). The Conference Board named Anne Golden its 2012 Honorary Associate. In 2013, she was made a Member of the Order of Ontario
- Conference Board of Canada, Past President. Retrieved on 2012-11-6.
- "Anne Golden named Distinguished Visiting Scholar". Ryerson University. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Report of the Mayor’s Homelessness Action Task Force. Retrieved on 2011-10-1.
- Order of Canada Citation. Retrieved on 2011-10-1.
- McMaster Daily News. Retrieved on 2011-11-21.
- University of Calgary 2011 Convocation News. Retrieved on 2011-10-1.
- Conference Board of Canada, Honorary Associate. Retrieved on 2012-11-6.
- "25 Appointees Named to Ontario's Highest Honour". Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration.