Anne Henriette of Bavaria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Anne of Bavaria
Princess of Condé
Anne de Bavière par Gobert.jpg
Anne by Gobert
Spouse Henri Jules, Prince of Condé
Issue
Detail
Marie Thérèse, Princess of Conti
Louis, Prince of Condé
Anne Marie, Mademoiselle de Condé
Louise Bénédicte, Duchess of Maine
Marie Anne, Duchess of Vendôme
Full name
Anne Henriette Julie
Father Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern
Mother Anna Gonzaga
Born (1648-03-13)13 March 1648
Paris, France
Died 23 February 1723(1723-02-23) (aged 74)
Petit Luxembourg, Paris, France
Burial Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques, Paris, France
Signature
Religion Roman Catholicism

Anne of the Palatinate known in France as Anne of Bavaria, Princess Palatine (Anne Henriette Julie; 13 March 1648 – 23 February 1723) was a Princess of the Palatinate and Countess Palatine of Simmern by birth and was the wife of Henri Jules de Bourbon eldest son of Louis, Grand Condé. Following her father-in-law's death, her husband succeeded as Prince of Condé, a purely honorary title, but one of the highest ranking in France. She was also the Princess of Arches in her own right from 1708.

Background[edit]

Anne was born in Paris the second of the three daughters of Prince Palatine Edward. Her mother was Anna Gonzaga, a well known Parisian political hostess and sister of the Queen of Poland.

Marriage[edit]

At the age of fifteen, she was engaged to Henri Jules, Duke of Enghien, the only surviving child of the famous military commander the Grand Condé. The Grand Condé was the most senior prince of the blood at the French court and held the highly prestigious rank of First Prince. Henri Jules was his heir and prior his succession to the purely honuary title of prince, was styled the Duke of Enghien and was addressed Monsieur le Duc. The marriage ceremony took place at the Palais du Louvre on 11 December 1663 in front of the court with Louis XIV and the rest of the royal family in attendance. As this time, she became known as Madame la Duchesse, referring to the title Duchess of Enghien. She held that title till the death of her father-in-law in 1684, when Anne took on the style of Madame la Princesse.

Her husband, who suffered from Clinical lycanthropy, was greatly supported by his wife, known in French as Anne, princesse Palatine. Anne and her husband had 10 children in all. Anne described as very pious generous and charitable, was well praised by many at court due to her very supportive nature towards her husband. Despite that her husband, who was prone to great rages, would often beat his quiet wife, even in the presence of other courtiers.[1] Of her many children, five survived infancy. Four of those went on to marry.

Her mother was instrumental in helping bring about a marriage between her niece by marriage, Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate and the brother of Louis XIV of France, Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans in 1671. Elisabeth Charlotte was Anne's first cousin, their fathers being brothers. In 1708, when her cousin Charles IV, Duke of Mantua died, being his heiress, Anne Henriette became the Princess of Arches in her own right. Charles IV was the last Duke of Mantua. The next year, Anne's husband died in Paris on 1 April 1709, aged 65 making her son, Louis, the next Prince of Condé.

Louis died the next year and his son Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon became the next holder of the title. Anne was the princess for whom the Rue Palatine was named - the road in the 6th arrondissement of Paris where she had lived in the Petit Luxembourg, next to the Luxembourg Palace in Paris. Anne also owned the Château du Raincy which was sold to the House of Orléans in 1769. The Princess Palatine died in Paris at the age of 74, having outlived her husband and all but 2 of her children, namely the Princess of Conti and the Duchess of Maine. On her death, the principality of Arches became extinct; the title was claimed by her son, the Prince of Condé and her nephew, the son of her sister, Louise Marie of Bavaria. She was buried at the Carmel du Faubourg Saint-Jacques in Paris.

Issue[edit]

Name Portrait Lifespan Notes
Marie Thérèse de Bourbon
Princess of Conti
Princesse de Conti.jpg 1 February 1666 –
22 February 1732
Born in Paris and known as Mademoiselle de Bourbon in her youth, she married her cousin François Louis, Prince of Conti and had issue; she was briefly titular Queen of Poland in 1697.
Henri de Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 5 November 1667 –
5 July 1670
Died in infancy.
Louis de Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
Prince of Condé
Louis III de Bourbon-Conde.jpg 10 November 1668 –
4 March 1710
Born in Paris, he became the heir apparent of his father on his brother's death in 1670; he married Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, légitimée de France a daughter of Louis XIV; the couple had issue.
Anne de Bourbon
Mademoiselle d’Enghien
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 11 November 1670 –
27 May 1675
Died in infancy.
Henri de Bourbon
Count of Clermont
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 3 July 1672 –
6 June 1675
Born at Saint-Germain-en-Laye and died in Paris.
Louis Henri de Bourbon
Count of La Marche
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 9 November 1673 –
21 February 1677
Born in Paris, he died at the age of 3 in the same city.
Anne Marie de Bourbon
Mademoiselle d'Enghien
Mademoiselle de Condé
Anne Marie Victoire de Bourbon Gobert detail.jpg 11 August 1675 –
23 October 1700
Born in Paris, she died at the age of twenty-five at the Château Asnières.
Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon
Duchess of Maine
Anne Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon.jpg 8 November 1676 –
23 January 1753
Born in Paris, she was known as Mademoiselle d’Enghien and then Mademoiselle de Charolais during her youth; she married another illegitimate child of Louis XIV, Louis Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine; the couple had issue.
Marie Anne de Bourbon
Duchess of Vendôme
Marie Anne de Bourbon, Duchess of Vendôme.jpg 24 February 1678 –
11 April 1718
Born in Paris, she was known as Mademoiselle de Montmorency and then Mademoiselle d’Enghien during her youth; she married her cousin, Louis Joseph de Bourbon, duc de Vendôme; the couple had no issue and Marie Anne died at the Hôtel de Vendôme.
N de Bourbon
Mademoiselle de Clermont
Blason pays fr Dombes.svg 17 July 1679 –
17 September 1680
Born and died in Paris.

Ancestry[edit]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Arms as Princess of Condé

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 13 March 1648 – 11 December 1663 Her Serene Highness Princess Anne of the Palatinate
  • 11 December 1663 – 11 November 1686 Her Serene Highness The Duchess of Enghien, Madame la Duchesse[2]
  • 11 November 1686 – 1 April 1709 Her Serene Highness The Princess of Condé, Madame la Princesse
  • 1 April 1709 – 23 February 1723 Her Serene Highness The Dowager Princess of Condé, Madame la Princesse

References[edit]

Media related to Anne Henriette of Bavaria at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ Love Affairs of the Condé family
  2. ^ http://www.heraldica.org/topics/france/frroyal.htm#sang Style of HRH and further information on Princes of the Blood
Anne Henriette of Bavaria
Born: 1 February 1666 Died: 22 February 1733
French nobility
Preceded by
Charles IV, Duke of Mantua
Princess of Arches
1708–1723
Succeeded by
Extinct