|This article relies on references to primary sources. (February 2010)|
Anne LeBaron holds a B.A. in music from the University of Alabama (1974), an M.A. in music from the State University of New York at Stony Brook (1978), and a D.M.A. from Columbia University (1989). She studied with Mauricio Kagel and György Ligeti as a Fulbright Scholar in 1980–81 (Edwards 2001) and also studied Korean traditional music at the The National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts in Seoul (1983).
LeBaron began teaching at the California Institute of the Arts in 2001 after having taught (from 1997) at the University of Pittsburgh, and serving as composer-in-residence in Washington, DC, sponsored by Meet the Composer, from 1993 until 1996 (Edwards 2001). She composes for the Anne LeBaron Quintet, an ensemble comprising harp, trumpet, tuba, electric guitar, and percussion.
Her 1991 recording Phantom orchestra featured the Anne LeBaron Quintet (Frank London, trumpet; Marcus Rojas, tuba; Davey Williams, electric guitar; Gregg Bendian, drums, vibraphone, percussion; and Anne LeBaron, harp with electronics).
She was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1992.
Writing about LeBaron's 1989 Telluris Theoria Sacra (for flute/piccolo, clarinet/bass clarinet, violin, viola, cello, percussion, and piano), musicologist Susan McClary notes that the work "...points to LeBaron's more pervasive interest in music's ability to mold temporality, immersing the listener in a sound world in which time bends, stands still, dances, or conforms to the mechanical measure of the clock" (Lochhead 2007).
LeBaron premiered her hyperopera, Crescent City, in Los Angeles in 2012. The genre of hyperopera involves the collaborations from a diverse group of artists that can portray a variety of meanings or realities. 
- LeBaron, Anne (2002). "Reflections of Surrealism in Postmodern Musics." In Postmodern Music/Postmodern Thought, Lochhead, Judy and Auner, Joseph, eds.
- Dish. Included on Urban Diva. Dora Ohrenstein, soprano. New World/Composers Recordings NWCR 654.
- The Musical Railism of Anne LeBaron. New Music Consort, Theater Chamber Players of Kennedy Center; Anne LeBaron, Leon Fleisher, Claire Heldrich, conductors. Mode Records 42.
- Rana, Ritual & Revelations. New Music Consort, Linda Bouchard, Claire Heldrich, Anne LeBaron, conductors; Theater Chamber Players of Kennedy Center, Anne LeBaron, conductor. Mode Records 30.
- Sacred Theory of the Earth. (2000) Atlanta Chamber Players, David Rosenboom, conductor; Paula Peace, piano; Christopher Pulgram, violin; Amy Porter, flute; Anne LeBaron, harp. New World/Composers Recordings NWCR 865.
- Southern Ephemera. Included on Dance of the Seven Veils. New Band. Music & Arts 4931.
- 1, 2, 4, 3, Innova Recordings (Innova 236, 2010)
- California Institute of the Arts. Faculty Biography: Anne LeBaron. , accessed March 27, 2013.
- Swed, Mark (12 May 2012). "Review: Industry's remarkable Crescent City reshapes LA Opera". LA Times. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- Edwards, J. Michele. 2001. "LeBaron, (Alice) Anne". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
- Lochhead, Judy. 2007. "Situating Anne LeBaron". Liner Notes to Anne LeBaron: Pope Joan, Transfiguration. New World Records.