Anne Pierre Adrien, duc de Montmorency-Laval
Anne Pierre Adrien de Montmorency, Duc de Laval peer of France, Knight of the King's orders and the Golden Fleece, Knight of Saint Louis, Grandee of Spain (October 29, 1768 Paris - June 16, 1837) was a French foreign Minister.
He was the son of Mary Anne Alexandre Sulpice Joseph de Laval-Montmorency and his wife, Marie-Louise de Montmorency-Luxembourg (1750–1829). A second son, Adrien de Laval was originally intended for the priesthood. His elder brother was the Marquis de Laval. Adrian was raised in Metz, in the care of his uncle Louis-Joseph, Prince-Bishop, Grand Almoner of France, cardinal. Later, Adrian was sent to the Seminary of St. Sulpice in Paris, he left the seminary after the death of his elder brother, to enter the chasseurs of the Vicomte de Noailles, where in the regiment were Charles Arthur Tristan Languedoc de Noailles, and Voyer d'Argenson, brother of the Marquis de Laval.
Marriage and children
On May 14, 1788, he married Renee de Montmorency-Luxembourg (daughter of Anne Charles Sigismond de Montmorency-Luxembourg) ; they had children:
- Guy-Anne-Marie-Louis-Henri-Adalric de Laval, Laval Prince, born January 15, 1796, master hunters of Morbihan;
- Charlotte (1798–1872), Duchesse de San Luis Fernando, married in 1817 to Gustave de Levis, Marquis de Mirepoix;
- Marguerite Emmanuelle Pauline (1811–1861), married the Marquis of Couronnel Beloved.
The French Revolution broke out, Adrian left France and went to England. There he made friends with the Prince of Wales. Returning to Paris to see his family, Adrian soon return to England, as an emigre. A captain in the regiment of Montmorency, he was ordered to go to Italy and visited Rome. After the ban on emigrees was liffted, he returned to France. In 1814, Adrien de Laval was one of the first who went to congratulate Louis XVIII at Calais. The king granted him the title of prince, and until the death of his father he was called Prince de Montmorency-Laval. On August 15, 1814, he was appointed ambassador to Spain. There he had come into conflict with Cevallos. But the news of the return of Napoleon from Elba, a reconciliation was effected and the Prince of Laval consent not to leave Madrid, despite the positive orders of his government.
He continued to manage the affairs of France with the same zeal, he received from His Majesty the Catholic order of the Order of the Golden Fleece, and the title of Duke of San Fernando Luis. Called at the difficulties that arose between France and Spain, the embassy in Rome, the Duke arrived before the end of the reign of Pius VII. He was in the conclave is to choose the successor to the pope; he had the confidnece of the court, and he supported, together with Austria, Cardinal Castiglioni. Cardinal Annibale della Genga was victorious, and became Leo XII.
On March 20, 1828, the Duke of Laval was appointed ambassador to Vienna. There followed, among others, matters relating to Greece. He twice refused a portfolio that King Charles X was proposing. He was appointed to the London embassy, where he vigorously defended the rights and interests of France, and the timing of orders in July, he returned to France on leave st Rambouillet, when Charles X was forced to leave France.
He returned to Holyrood Palace, where the king bestowed the most unequivocal demonstration of complete satisfaction that we had had all its services. Returning later in France, he breathed his last June 16, 1837, between the arms of his wife, praising her daughters and sons, leaving the Marquis de Mirepoix his title of Duke of San Fernando, Luis.
- « Anne Adrien Pierre de Montmorency-Laval », in Louis-Gabriel Michaud, Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne: histoire par ordre alphabétique de la vie publique et privée de tous les hommes avec la collaboration de plus de 300 savants et littérateurs français ou étrangers, 2e édition, 1843-1865 [détail de l’édition]
- « Montmorency (Anne-Adrien-Pierre de) », in Pierre Larousse, Grand dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle
- "Maison Montmorency", heraldique-europeenne.org
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