Anne of Cyprus

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Anne de Lusignan
Duchess consort of Savoy
Tenure 1440–1462
Spouse Louis, Duke of Savoy
Issue
more...
Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy
Louis of Savoy, Count of Geneva
Philip II, Duke of Savoy
Margaret, Margravine of Montferrat
Charlotte, Queen of France
Marie, Countess of St. Pol
Bona, Duchess of Milan
James, Count of Romont
House Lusignan
Savoy
Father Janus of Cyprus
Mother Charlotte de Bourbon
Born 24 September 1418
Nicosia, Cyprus
Died 11 November 1462 (aged 44)
Geneva, Switzerland

Anne of Cyprus (or Anne de Lusignan) (24 September 1418–11 November 1462) was the daughter of King Janus of Cyprus and Charlotte of Bourbon; and a member of the celebrated Lusignan crusader dynasty. She was Duchess of Savoy as the wife of Louis, Duke of Savoy.

Marriage[edit]

Anne married Louis, Duke of Savoy in Chambery on 12 February 1434.[1][2] The contract for their marriage had been signed two years previously on 1 January 1432.[3] She bore a total of 19 children, of whom 14 survived infancy.

Duchess of Savoy[edit]

Anne's husband, Louis of Savoy, who was more interested in poetry than his duchy, but very much in love with his wife, gradually left Anne to manage affairs of state. She, due to nostalgia for her own country, organized many receptions on behalf of the most powerful Cypriot lords. To impress the visitors, she decorated the castles, organized festivals, and offered gifts to the guests, the expense of which caused much protest from the peasants and nobles of the county of Vaud.

To relieve some of her debts, Anne organized a match for one of her daughters, which was an advantageous alliance for the house of Savoy. In 1451, at the age of ten years, her daughter, Charlotte, married the dauphin of France, the future King Louis XI. He later would claim default of the promised dowry, new strongholds, and seized several castles in Bresse and several chief towns of Vaud.

In 1452, Anne bought the Shroud of Turin from Jeanne de Charny in exchange for the castle of Varambon. Years later Pope Paul II authorised Yolande of France to deposit the relic of the Holy Shroud in the vault of the castle of Chambéry from which she raised a tower above the sacristy, as a religious symbol.

Issue[edit]

  1. Amadeus (Thonon 1 February 1435 - Vercelli 30 March 1472).
  2. Maria (Morges 10 March 1436 - Thonon 1 December 1437).
  3. Louis of Savoy, Count of Geneva (Thonon 1 April 1437 - Ripaille 16 July 1482), married Annabella of Scotland, married Queen Charlotte of Cyprus.
  4. Philippe II, Duke of Savoy (Chambéry 4 February 1438 - Chambéry 7 November 1497)
  5. Margaret (Pinerolo April 1439 -Brugge 9 March 1485), married firstly in December 1458 Giovanni IV Paleologo (1413–1464), Marquis of Montferrat;[4] she married secondly, Pierre II de Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, Brienne, de Ligny, Marle, and Soissons, by whom she had issue, including Marie de Luxembourg.
  6. Janus, Count of Geneva (Genève 8 November 1440 - Annecy 22 December 1491), married Helene of Luxembourg, daughter of Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, and his first wife Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons.
  7. Charlotte (Chambéry 16 November 1441 - Amboise 1 December 1483), married King Louis XI of France.
  8. Aimon (Genève 2 November 1442 - Thonon 30 mars 1443).
  9. Jacques (Genève 29 November 1444 - Genève 1 June 1445)
  10. Pierre (Genève February 1446 - Torino August 1458). Bishop of Genève 1451
  11. John Louis, Bishop of Geneva (Genève 26 February 1447 - Torino 11 June 1482).
  12. Maria (Pinerolo 20 March 1448 - 13 September 1475), married as his second wife, Louis of Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano, Constable of France, by whom she had issue.
  13. Bona (Avilliana 12 August 1449 - Fossano 17 November 1503), married Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan, by whom she had issue.
  14. Jacques (Genève 12 November 1450 - Ham 30 January 1486).
  15. Anne (Genève September 1452 - Genève 1 October 1452).
  16. Francis, Archbishop of Auch and Bishop of Geneva (Annecy 19 August 1454 - Turin 3 October 1490).
  17. Agnes (Chambery October 1457 - Paris 16 March 1509) married François d'Orléans Longueville

Death[edit]

Anne died on 11 November 1462 in Geneva, Switzerland at the age of 44.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Sts Nereus and Achilleus in the Fifteenth Century" by Eleanor P. Spencer and Wolfgang Stechow. The Art Bulletin Vol.48, No.2 (June 1966). Published by College Art Association. The year 1434 is given but not the exact date. Retrieved 14 March 2011
  2. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Savoy. Retrieved 14 March 2011
  3. ^ Cawley
  4. ^ DBdI