Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313)

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Anne of Bohemia
Queen consort of Bohemia
Tenure 1307–1310
Spouse Henry of Bohemia
House House of Přemyslid
Father Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
Mother Judith of Habsburg
Born 15 October 1290
Bohemia, Czech Republic
Died 3 September 1313 (aged 22)
Carinthia, Austria

Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313) was the eldest surviving daughter of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland and his first wife Judith of Habsburg. Her siblings included Elisabeth of Bohemia and Wenceslaus III of Bohemia.[1][2]

Family[edit]

Anne was born in 1290 in the Kingdom of Bohemia. Her mother, Judith, died in 1297 when Anne was seven years old. Of her mother's ten children, only four of them lived to adulthood: Wenceslaus, Anne, Elisabeth and Margaret.

In 1300 Anne's widowed father, Wenceslaus, re-married a Polish princess called Elisabeth Richeza from the genus Piast dynasty. Anne's father then gained the Crown of Poland for the next five years (he died in 1305). They had a daughter, Agnes of Bohemia.

Her father also had numerous illegitimate children, including Jan Volek (?? – 27 September 1351), bishop of Olomouc

Marriage[edit]

In 1306 Anne married Henry of Carinthia, a son of Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia and Elisabeth of Bavaria.

After the murder of Anne's brother, Wenceslaus, in 1306, Anne's husband was elected King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland. However, all power was soon taken over by Rudolph of Habsburg. Anne and Henry then fled to Carinthia out of reach from Rudolph. Rudolph only reigned for one year and on his death Henry assumed the throne of Bohemia again.

The royal couple turned their attention to Anne's younger unmarried sister Elisabeth. They wished to have her married but Elisabeth refused every suitor that came forward. In 1310 Elisabeth married John of Luxembourg. This union caused Anne and Elisabeth to fall out. It was said that Elisabeth was more beautiful than Anne and that Anne was jealous of her.[citation needed]

By 1310 John and Elisabeth occupied Prague; Anne and Henry were sent back to live in Carinthia in exile. It was there in 1313 that she died aged only twenty two and childless. Her husband married twice more.

Ancestry[edit]

Sources in English[edit]

  • Anne's Bohemia; Czech Literature and Society, 1310–1420, by Alfred Thomas University of Minnesota Press, 1998, Preface by David Wallace

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anne of Bohemia
  2. ^ Ancestors of Anne of Bohemia
Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313)
Born: 1290 Died: 1313
Royal titles
Preceded by
Viola Elisabeth of Cieszyn
Queen consort of Bohemia
1306
Succeeded by
Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
Preceded by
Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
Queen consort of Bohemia
1307–1310
Succeeded by
Elisabeth of Bohemia