Anne of Burgundy

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Anne of Burgundy
Duchess of Bedford
Anne, Duchess of Bedford (detail) - British Library Add MS 18850 f257v cropped.jpg
Spouse John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford
m. 1423; wid. 1432
Father John II the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy
Mother Margaret of Bavaria
Born 1404
Died 14 November 1432(1432-11-14) (aged 27–28)
Hôtel de Bourgogne, Paris
Burial Church of the Celestines, Paris
Chartreuse de Champnol, Dijon

Anne of Burgundy, Duchess of Bedford (French: Anne de Bourgogne) (1404 – 14 November 1432) was a daughter of John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (1371–1419) and his wife Margaret of Bavaria (1363–1423).

Marriage[edit]

In June 1423 at Troyes, Anne married John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, son of Henry IV of England by the 1423 Treaty of Amiens.[1] The marriage was meant to cement relations between England and Anne's brother Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy.[2] This alliance was vital for continued English success in French lands, as in 1422 John had been appointed the Regent of France in place of his nephew, the young Henry VI of England.[3] Burgundy's antagonism with the Valois royal house (which caused the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War) had been one of the leading factors in the losses faced by the French at the hands of the English.

Death and legacy[edit]

John and Anne were happily married, despite being childless. In 1432, Anne died of the plague at Hôtel d'Orleans in Paris[4] and was buried there at the Church of the Celestines. Her tomb was designed by Guillaume Vluten and, according to one historian, "ranks among the most important Parisian effigies of the first half of the fifteenth century".[5] Today, only the statue has survived, and can be found at the Musée de Cluny.

Anne's death signified the beginning of one of two disastrous trends in Lancastrian history. The following year, John remarried to Jacquetta of Luxembourg, but faced opposition for various political reasons in this decision from Anne's brother the Duke of Burgundy.[4][6] From this time on, relations between the two became cool, culminating in the 1435 peace negotiations between Burgundy and Charles VII, the exiled king of France. Later that year, a letter was dispatched to Henry VI, formally breaking their alliance.[6]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Griffiths, p. 26.
  2. ^ Neillands, p. 231.
  3. ^ Weir, p. 73.
  4. ^ a b Chipps Smith, p. 41.
  5. ^ Chipps Smith, p. 39.
  6. ^ a b Weir, p. 84.

Sources[edit]

  • Chipps Smith, Jeffrey (1984). "The Tomb of Anne of Burgundy, Duchess of Bedford, in the Musée du Louvre". Gesta 23 (01): 39–50. JSTOR 766962. 
  • Griffiths, R.A. (2005). The Reign of King Henry VI. The History Press. ISBN 0-7509-3777-7. 
  • Neillands, Robin (2001). The Hundred Years War. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-26131-7. 
  • Weir, Alison (1996). The Wars of the Roses: Lancaster and York. London: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-40433-5. 

External links[edit]