Anne of Cyprus

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Anne de Lusignan
Duchess consort of Savoy
Tenure 1440–1462
Spouse Louis, Duke of Savoy
Issue
more...
Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy
Louis, Count of Geneva and King of Cyprus
Philip II, Duke of Savoy
Margaret, Margravine of Montferrat and Countess of Saint-Pol
Charlotte, Queen of France
Marie, Countess of Saint-Pol
Bona, Duchess of Milan
Jacques, Count of Romont
House House of Lusignan
Savoy
Father Janus of Cyprus
Mother Charlotte de Bourbon
Born 24 September 1418
Nicosia, Cyprus
Died 11 November 1462 (aged 44)
Geneva, Switzerland

Anne of Cyprus (or Anne de Lusignan) (24 September 1418–11 November 1462) was the daughter of King Janus of Cyprus and Charlotte of Bourbon; and a member of the celebrated Lusignan crusader dynasty. She was Duchess of Savoy as the wife of Louis, Duke of Savoy.

Marriage[edit]

Anne married Louis, Duke of Savoy in Chambery on 12 February 1434.[1][2] The contract for their marriage had been signed two years previously on 1 January 1432.[3]

Duchess of Savoy[edit]

Anne's husband, Louis of Savoy, who was more interested in poetry than his duchy, but very much in love with his wife, gradually left Anne to manage affairs of state. She, due to nostalgia for her own country, organized many receptions on behalf of the most powerful Cypriot lords. To impress the visitors, she decorated the castles, organized festivals, and offered gifts to the guests, the expense of which caused much protest from the peasants and nobles of the county of Vaud.

To relieve some of her debts, Anne organized a match for one of her daughters, which was an advantageous alliance for the house of Savoy. In 1451, at the age of ten years, her daughter, Charlotte, married the dauphin of France, the future King Louis XI. He later would claim default of the promised dowry, new strongholds, and seized several castles in Bresse and several chief towns of Vaud.

In 1452, Anne bought the Shroud of Turin from Jeanne de Charny in exchange for the castle of Varambon. Years later Pope Paul II authorised Yolande of France to deposit the relic of the Holy Shroud in the vault of the castle of Chambéry from which she raised a tower above the sacristy, as a religious symbol.

Issue[edit]

  1. Amadeus IX (Thonon, 1 February 1435 - 30 March 1472), Duke of Savoy.
  2. Louis (Thonon, 5 June 1436 - Ripaille, 12 July 1482), Count of Geneva, King of Cyprus.
  3. Marie (Morges, March 1437 - Thonon, 1 December 1437).
  4. Jean (1437? - 1440).
  5. Philip II (Thonon, 5 February 1438 - Torino, 7 November 1497), Duke of Savoy.
  6. Marguerite (Pinerolo, April 1439 - Brugge, 9 March 1485), married firstly in December 1458 Giovanni IV Paleologo, Marquis of Montferrat and secondly Pierre II de Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, of Brienne, de Ligny, Marle, and Soissons.
  7. Pierre (Genève, ca. 2 February 1440 - Torino, 21 October 1458), Archbishop of Tarentasia.
  8. Janus (Genève, 8 November 1440 - Annecy, 22 December 1491), Count of Faucigny and Geneva, married Helene of Luxembourg, daughter of Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, and his first wife Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons.
  9. Charlotte (Chambéry, 16 November 1441 - Amboise, 1 December 1483), married King Louis XI of France.
  10. Aimon (Genève, 2 November 1442 – Genève, 30 March 1443).
  11. Jacques (Genève, 29 November 1444 - Genève, 1 June 1445).
  12. Agnes (Chambéry, October 1445 - Paris, 16 March 1509), married François d'Orléans, Duke of Longueville.
  13. Jean Louis (Genève, 26 February 1447 - Torino, 4 July 1482), Bishop of Genève.
  14. Maria (Pinerolo, 20 March 1448 - 13 September 1475), married Louis of Luxembourg, Count of St. Pol, of Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano, Constable of France.
  15. Bona (Avigliana, 12 August 1449 – Fossano, 17 November 1503), married Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan.
  16. Giacomo (Genève, 12 November 1450 - Ham in Picardy, 30 January 1486), Count of Romont, Lord of Vaud.
  17. Anne (Genève, September 1452 - Genève, 1 October 1452).
  18. François (Annecy, 19 August 1454, - Torino 6 October 1490), Archbishop of Auch and Bishop of Geneva.
  19. Jeanne (died at birth, 1455?).

Death[edit]

Anne died on 11 November 1462 in Geneva, Switzerland at the age of 44.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Sts Nereus and Achilleus in the Fifteenth Century" by Eleanor P. Spencer and Wolfgang Stechow. The Art Bulletin Vol.48, No.2 (June 1966). Published by College Art Association. The year 1434 is given but not the exact date. Retrieved 14 March 2011
  2. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Savoy. Retrieved 14 March 2011
  3. ^ Cawley