Anne of Kiev
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (July 2012)|
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Russian Wikipedia. (July 2012)|
|Anne of Kiev|
|Spouse||Henry I of France
Ralph III of Valois
|Philip I of France
Hugh I, Count of Vermandois
|House||House of Capet|
|Father||Yaroslav I the Wise|
|Mother||Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden|
|Burial||Villiers Abbey, La-Ferte-Alais, Essonne|
Her parents were Yaroslav I the Wise, the Grand Prince of Kiev and Novgorod, and princess Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden, his second wife. She was born in Kiev, Ukraine between 1024 and 1032 and was the queen of France from 1051 to 1060.
Anne was the founder of the St. Vincent Abbey.
Marriage and children
After the death of his first wife, Matilda of Frisia, King Henry searched the courts of Europe for a suitable bride, but could not locate a princess who was not related to him within legal degrees of kinship. At last he sent an embassy to distant Kiev, which returned with Anne (also called Agnes). Anne and Henry were married at the cathedral of Reims on 19 May 1051. Her wedding and coronation took place in May 1049, the Holy Trinity Day, in the Cathedral of the city of Rheims, long the site of the coronation of French kings. During the coronation ceremony, which was conducted by the Archbishop of Rheims Guy de Chatilion, Anna took her oath placing her hand on the Gospel that she had brought from Kyiv. The Gospel was written in old Slavic language. This Gospel since then was used in the coronation ceremonies of the French kings all down the line until Louis XIX. The last French king to take an oath with his hand on this Gospel was Charles X (as king of France — 1824–1830). At present the book is kept in safety at the central library of the city of Rheims.
The new queen consort was not instantly attracted to her new realm. She wrote to her father that Francia was "a barbarous country where the houses are gloomy, the churches ugly and the customs revolting." Anna complained that the French could not write and read, and did not wash themselves. Anna of Kiev could write and read five languages, including Greek and Latin, while her husband Henry the First and his entire court could not write and read, and signed themselves with a cross. At her wedding banquet, she was shocked to have only three dishes, while at her father's court in Rus', she had five dinner dishes every day. Anna could ride a horse, was knowledgeable in politics, and actively participated in governing France, especially after her husband died. Many French documents bear her signature, written in old Slavic language (АНА РЪИНА, that is, Anna Regina, Anna the Queen). Pope Nicholas II, who was greatly surprised with Anne's great political abilities, wrote her a letter: "Honorable lady, the fame of your virtues has reached our ears, and, with great joy, we hear that you are performing your royal duties at this very Christian state with commendable zeal and brilliant mind." Henry the First respected his wife Anna so much that his many decrees bear the inscription "With the consent of my wife Anna" and "In the presence of Queen Anna". French historians point out that there are no other cases in the French history, when Royal decrees bear such inscriptions. 
Anne is credited with bringing the name Philip to Western Europe. She imported this Greek name (Philippos, from philos and hippos, meaning "loves horses") from her Eastern Orthodox culture.
For six years after Henry's death in 1060, she served as regent for Philip, who was only eight at the time. She was the first queen of France to serve as regent. Her co-regent was Count Baldwin V of Flanders. Anne was a literate woman, rare for the time, but there was some opposition to her as regent on the grounds that her mastery of French was less than fluent.
A year after the king's death, Anne, acting as regent, took a passionate fancy for Count Ralph III of Valois, a man whose political ambition encouraged him to repudiate his wife to marry Anne in 1062. Accused of adultery, Ralph's wife appealed to Pope Alexander II, who excommunicated the couple. The young king Philip forgave his mother, which was just as well, since he was to find himself in a very similar predicament in the 1090s. Ralph died in September 1074, at which time Anne returned to the French court. She died in 1075, was buried at Villiers Abbey, La Ferte-Alais, Essonne and her obits were celebrated on 5 September. All subsequent French kings were her progeny.
With Henry I of France:
- Philip (23 May 1052 – 30 July 1108) - Anne is credited with bringing the name Philip to Western Europe. She imported this Greek name (Philippos, from philos (love) and hippos (horse), meaning "the one that love horses") from her Eastern Orthodox culture.
- Hugh (1057 – 18 October 1102) - called the Great or Magnus, later Count of Crépi, who married Adelaide, the heiress of Vermandois and died on crusade in Tarsus, Cilicia.
- Robert (c. 1055 – c. 1060)
|Ancestors of Anne of Kiev|
- Bauthier, Robert-Henri. Anne de Kiev reine de France et la politique royale au Xe siècle, revue des Etudes Slaves, Vol. 57, 1985
- Welcome to Ukraine: Anna of Kyiv, Queen of France
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anne of Kiev.|
Matilda of Frisia
|Queen consort of the Franks
Bertha of Holland