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Annegret Soltau (born 16 January 1946) is a German visual artist, born in Lüneburg, Germany.
Her work marks a fundamental reference point in the feminist art of the 1970s and 1980s. Photomontages of her own body and face sewn over or collaged with black thread are the most well-known works of the German artist.
From 1967 to 1972 she studied with Hans Thiemann, Kurt Kranz, Rudolf Hausner and David Hockney at the Academy of Fine Arts Hamburg in Germany, 1972 at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in Austria. In 1973 she received a DAAD scholarship for Milan in Italy.
Life and work
Since 1973 she has freelanced, first in the sphere of painting and graphic art, then from 1975 actions ("permanente demonstration") and first photography and videoworks. In Soltau’s own words “Permanente Demonstration“ is “an attempt to trigger states of consciousness through realization of an image in real life, i.e. make an image physically. The line, becomes a realized line, the person is part of the picture. Line and person are not two opposite things but one reality”.
In "Selbst" (self) the artist ties up her face with tight threads of black silk, just like a cocoon, of which she makes a photographic record that is subsequently stitched by following a geometric pattern that resembles a sign. The result is a self-harming self-portrait, an effigy that has been prevented, inhibited, forced into silence. Annegret Soltau writes her story as a woman on the blank page of her face; it is a history of conflict, impulsive reactions to the family environment, to the marginal position of women in the social context, to gender pressures and discrimination. As it cuts into the sensitive skin of her face, the thread distorts its shape but also enhances its beauty.
In her Video-Performances and Phototableaus she wanted to make intimate processes like sexuality, pregnancy, birth,abortion, sickness and violence to become subjects of the arts. From 1977 to 1980 she dealt with her pregnancies and the birth of her two children. In the video "being pregnant" she observed her own body over the whole time period of nine months. She pointed out physical changes as well as psychological ones. The artist called the phases: panic, doubt, hope,loneliness, separation, oppression, reminiscence,oration, being-born. She asked herself the question: how can I combine creativity and motherhood without losing myself as my own person.
The most complex and elaborate series of works is "generativ" (1994-2005), where she composes photographs of the naked bodies of her "female chain": her grandmother, her mother, her daughter and herself. "Generativ" shows the whole span of bodily change between young and old, between the fading body of age and the emerging body in puberty. "My main interest is the integration of body process in my work, in order to connect body and spirit as equal parts" (Annegret Soltau)
Over the years, her face has transformed metaphorically into letters, numbers, data and paper documents (identity cards, passports, bank statements, cash machine receipts, dentist’s bills).
In 1982 she was awarded a working scholarship by the Arts Society of Bonn, in 1986/87 the Villa Massimo prize in Rome in Italy, in 1999 the Maria Sybilla Merian Prize (in the State of Hesse) and in 2000 the Wilhelm-Loth-prize of the City of Darmstadt, where she is living.
A retrospective exhibition of Soltau's work was shown at the exhibition halls of Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt in spring 2006.
"More than Meets the Eye", Art Photography from the Deutsche Bank Collection on Tour through important Museums Latin America from 2006 until 2007 (Monterry, Mexico City, Bogota, Lima, Santiago de Chile, Sao Paulo und Buenos Aires)
2007 until 2009 WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, New York and Vancouver Art Gallery in Canada.
2010 "Donna: Avanguardia femminista negli anni ’70", Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, Italy
"artevida: corpo(body)", 28 June – 21 September 2014, curated by Adriano Pedrosa and Rodigo Maura at Fundação Casa França-Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2013 until 2015 "WOMAN. Feminist Avant-Garde of the 1970s. Works from the SAMMLUNG VERBUND", Vienna (touring exhibition): "MUJER. La vanguardia feminista de los años 70". Círculo de Bellas Artes, Madrid, Spain, "WOMAN" Palais des Beaux-Arts, Bruxelles, Belgium and Mjellby Art Museum, Halmstad, Sweden