Annette King

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The Honourable
Annette King
MP
Annette King addressing crowd.jpg
Annette King MP
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
In office
24 November 2014 – Present
Leader Andrew Little
Preceded by David Parker
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
In office
11 November 2008 – 13 December 2011
Leader Phil Goff
Preceded by Bill English
Succeeded by Grant Robertson
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
In office
11 November 2008 – 13 December 2011
Leader Phil Goff
Preceded by Michael Cullen
Succeeded by Grant Robertson
35th Minister of Health
In office
10 December 1999 – 19 October 2005
Prime Minister Helen Clark
Preceded by Bill English
Succeeded by Pete Hodgson
Minister of Police
In office
19 October 2005 – 19 November 2008
Prime Minister Helen Clark
Preceded by George Hawkins
Succeeded by Judith Collins
Minister of Transport
In office
3 May 2006 – 19 November 2008
Prime Minister Helen Clark
Succeeded by Steven Joyce
45th Minister of Justice
In office
31 October 2007 – 19 November 2008
Prime Minister Helen Clark
Preceded by Mark Burton
Succeeded by Simon Power
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Horowhenua
In office
1984–1990
Preceded by Geoffrey Thompson
Succeeded by Hamish Hancock
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Miramar
In office
1993–1996
Preceded by Graeme Reeves
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Rongotai
Incumbent
Assumed office
1996
Majority 9,020 (24.1%)
Personal details
Born (1947-09-13) 13 September 1947 (age 67)
Murchison, New Zealand
Political party Labour
Relations Chris Finlayson (cousin)
Profession Dental nurse

Annette Faye King[1] (born 13 September 1947) is a New Zealand politician. She is the Deputy Leader of the Opposition in New Zealand. She was a Cabinet Minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand. She is the current MP for the Rongotai electorate in Wellington and the current Deputy Leader of the Opposition with leader Andrew Little.

Early life[edit]

King was born in Murchison, a town in the Tasman region of the South Island.[2] After receiving primary education in Murchison, she attended Murchison District High School and Waimea College.[3] She gained a BA degree from the University of Waikato.[2] She then obtained a post-graduate diploma in dental nursing, and worked as a dental nurse from 1967 to 1981.[2] She was a tutor of dental nursing in Wellington from 1982 to 1984.[2]

Political career[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate List Party
1984–1987 41st Horowhenua Labour
1987–1990 42nd Horowhenua Labour
1993–1996 44th Miramar Labour
1996–1999 45th Rongotai 6 Labour
1999–2002 46th Rongotai 4 Labour
2002–2005 47th Rongotai 7 Labour
2005–2008 48th Rongotai 7 Labour
2008–2011 49th Rongotai 4 Labour
2011–2014 50th Rongotai 2 Labour
2014–present 51st Rongotai 4 Labour

King joined the Labour Party in 1972,[3] and has held various offices within the party, including a term on the party's executive (1991–1992).[2]

In the 1984 elections, she stood as the party's candidate for Horowhenua, and was successful. She was re-elected in the 1987 election.[4]

Following the 1987 election, she was appointed parliamentary under-secretary to the Minister of Employment and of Social Welfare. In 1989, she was elevated to Cabinet, becoming Minister of Employment, Minister of Immigration, and Minister of Youth Affairs. She was also given special responsibility for liaising between Cabinet and the party caucus.[4]

In the 1990 election, King lost the Horowhenua electorate against Hamish Hancock, a lawyer who stood for the National Party.[3][5] She served as chief executive officer of the Palmerston North Enterprise Board from 1991 until the 1993 election,[2] when she was returned to Parliament as the MP for Miramar.[4] In the 1996 election, when the shift to mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation prompted a reorganisation of electorates, King successfully contested the new seat of Rongotai, which she still represents.[4] In that 1996 election, she was ranked in sixth place on the Labour Party's list.[6]

When Labour won the 1999 election, and Helen Clark became Prime Minister, King was appointed Minister of Health.[4] She was ranked sixth within Cabinet. After Labour winning a third term in government at the 2005 election, King took on the roles of Minister of Transport and Minister of Police. Following another reshuffle in late 2007, King became the new Minister of Justice.[4] Before the 2008 general election she was elevated to number four on the party list.[7]

Deputy Leader of the Opposition[edit]

Labour was defeated in the 2008 election by the National Party led by relative newcomer John Key. King retained her seat with a majority of about 7,800 votes.[8] King became the deputy leader of the Labour Party in a special caucus meeting on 11 November 2008 replacing former Deputy Leader and Deputy Prime Minister Michael Cullen.[4] Phil Goff, another senior Labour Party member, became the leader of the Labour Party, replacing former Prime Minister Helen Clark.[9] King stood again for Rongotai in the 2011 general election. She was ranked second on the Labour Party list.[10] Following the defeat of the Labour Party in the 2011 election, Annette King announced she would step down as Deputy Leader of the Labour party, and Deputy Leader of the Opposition effective 13 December 2011.[4] She was succeeded as Deputy Leader by Grant Robertson in the 2011 Labour Party leadership election.[11]

In the 2014 election, King increased her majority in the Rongotai electorate, but National won the party vote for the first time since the initial election in 1996.[12] Labour's heavy defeat at the 2014 election caused the resignation of David Cunliffe as the party's leader and the next leadership election, with King in an interim capacity as deputy leader.[13] Following the election of Andrew Little as the new leader, King remained as deputy in a permanent capacity although Little has guaranteed that she will be deputy for at least a year and did not indicate whether he wants her to be a future Deputy Prime Minister. [14]

Family[edit]

King is married with one daughter, and has three step-sons.[2] She is a cousin of National minister Chris Finlayson, from whom she received verbal abuse in Parliament in September 2013.[15] Finlayson has also opposed her in the Rongotai electorate since the 2008 election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Zealand Hansard – Members Sworn 651. New Zealand Parliament. 8 December 2008. p. 2. Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Hon Annette King". New Zealand Parliament. 5 May 2013. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Rongotai: Annette King wins easily". The Dominion Post. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Hon Annette King". New Zealand Parliament. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "New Zealand Official Yearbook 1993". Department of Statistics. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Official Count Results -- Rongotai". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  9. ^ Gower, Patrick (11 November 2008). "Helen Clark takes foreign affairs post in Labour reshuffle". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  10. ^ "Labour Party List 2011" (Press release). New Zealand Labour Party. Scoop. 10 April 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2011. 
  11. ^ "David Shearer elected as Labour leader". The Dominion Post (Fairfax New Zealand). 13 December 2011. Archived from the original on 22 December 2011. 
  12. ^ "Official Count Results -- Rongotai". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  13. ^ Vance, Andrea (1 October 2014). "Parker, King to lead Labour". The Dominion Post. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  14. ^ http://tvnz.co.nz/national-news/king-robertson-winners-in-little-s-new-labour-6157970
  15. ^ "Today in Politics". Stuff.co.nz. Fairfax Media. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Geoffrey Thompson
Member of Parliament for Horowhenua
1984–1990
Succeeded by
Hamish Hancock
Preceded by
Graeme Reeves
Member of Parliament for Miramar
1993–1996
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Rongotai
1996–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Wyatt Creech
Minister of Health
1999–2005
Succeeded by
Pete Hodgson
Preceded by
Bill English
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Grant Robertson
Preceded by
George Hawkins
Minister of Police
2005–2008
Succeeded by
Judith Collins
Preceded by
Mark Burton
Minister of Justice
2007–2008
Succeeded by
Simon Power
Party political offices
Preceded by
Michael Cullen
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Grant Robertson
Party political offices
Preceded by
David Parker
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
2014-present
Incumbent