Annie Kriegel, née Annie Becker (born 9 September 1926 in Paris; died August 26, 1995, Paris), was a French historian, a leading expert on communist studies and the history of Communism, a co-founder (1982) of the academic journal Communisme (with Stéphane Courtois), and a columnist for Le Figaro.
As a student, Kriegel was a member of the French Communist Party, but changed her political views after the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956 and became an outspoken anti-communist.
Her brother was the historian Jean-Jacques Becker, and she was married to Arthur Kriegel. The Association d'études et de recherches en sciences sociales Annie Kriegel is named in her honour.
- 1920. Le Congrès de Tours. Naissance du PCF, Paris, Julliard, 1964.
- Les Communistes français : essai d'ethnographie politique, Paris, Seuil, 1968.
- Les Grands Procès dans les systèmes communistes, Paris, Gallimard, 1972.
- Communismes au miroir français, Paris, Gallimard, 1974.
- Ce que j’ai cru comprendre (mémoires), Paris, Robert Laffont, 1991, 842 p.