Annisquam River

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Annisquam River and environs

The Annisquam River is a tidal, salt-water estuary in Annisquam and Gloucester, Massachusetts, connecting Annisquam Harbor on the north to Gloucester Harbor on the south. The segment between Gloucester Harbor and the Boston and Maine railroad bridge is also known as the Blynman Canal.

The estuary is about 4.5 miles (7.2 km) long, navigable, and open to the ocean at both ends. Its surface area is 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2). The name "Annisquam" comes from an Algonquian term meaning "top of the rock, containing <wanashque>, "on top of", and <-ompsk>, "rock".[1] The first European settlement in Annisquam was established in 1631. The river was dredged by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in 1965 to create a channel some 8 feet (2.4 m) deep, and 60 to 200 feet (61 m) wide. Annisquam Harbor Light stands on the east, Cape Ann, side of the north entrance to the river.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 

Coordinates: 42°39′18″N 70°41′8″W / 42.65500°N 70.68556°W / 42.65500; -70.68556