Anniviers

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Anniviers
Anniviers - Village of Chandolin in the municipality of Anniviers
Village of Chandolin in the municipality of Anniviers
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Anniviers
Canton Valais
District Sierre
46°12′N 7°35′E / 46.200°N 7.583°E / 46.200; 7.583Coordinates: 46°12′N 7°35′E / 46.200°N 7.583°E / 46.200; 7.583
Population 2,622 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 11 /km2 (28 /sq mi)
Area 242.95 km2 (93.80 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,202 m (3,944 ft)
Postal code 3961
SFOS number 6252
Mayor Simon Epiney
Localities Ayer, Chandolin, Grimentz, Saint-Jean, Saint-Luc, Vissoie, Mayoux, Mission, Zinal, Niouc, Fang
Surrounded by Agarn, Chippis, Oberems, Sierre,
Website www.anniviers.org
SFSO statistics
Anniviers is located in Switzerland
Anniviers
Anniviers

Anniviers is a municipality in the district of Sierre in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It was formed through the merger of six municipalities in Val d'Anniviers: Ayer, Chandolin, Grimentz, Saint-Jean, Saint-Luc and Vissoie. The merger became effective 1 January 2009,[3] creating the third largest municipality of Switzerland by surface area.

History[edit]

The first known human traces dating from the Bronze and Iron Ages. The valley has a rich and unique cultural tradition.

Aboriginal inhabitants are considered to have strong links to western Asian people and culture and claim to be descendants of Hunnish tribes.[4] Their original dialect died out, but is said to be only slightly different from Hungarian.[5] Runic writing, folk art (the tree of life, tulip, headboard), food culture and burial rituals support this eastern links.[6] The inhabitants of Eifisch-valley (Val d'Anniviers) were also Christianed later than the other inhabitants of Rhône-valley.[7] Two possible events seem obvious: 1) after the heavy defeat of Attila 451 in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, parts of his followers retreated to the valley. 2) The Magyars invasions of Europe: 917 southern Germany and 924 Pavia in northern Italy.

Before 1052 the valley was called Annivesium, and the former German name was Eifischtal. The Bishop of Sion owned the valley between 1116 and 1138 and donated it to the chapter. In the year 1193, the area became a demesne of the Anniviers family, then by Raron (1381). The property was returned to the bishopric in 1798.

The area saw growing number of parishes, increasing from two in 1805 to five in 1932. Municipalities began to emerge. In 1905 there were six: Ayer, Chandolin, Saint-Luc, Saint-Jean, Grimentz and Vissoie. The first cart path was developed in 1300, and a wagon road in 1854 for the transport of nickel and cobalt ores. The paved road dates from 1955; it was constructed to allow transportation of materials needed to build the Dam Moiry.

Ayer is first mentioned in 1296.[8] Chandolin is first mentioned about 1250 as Eschandulyns.[9] Grimentz is first mentioned in 1052 as Grimiens. The village was formerly known by its German name Grimensi, however, that name is no longer used.[10] Saint-Jean is first mentioned in 1250 as de Sancto Johanne.[11] Saint-Luc is first mentioned in 1267 as Lus. In 1304 it was mentioned as Luc, which was the official name until 1904. The name Saint-Luc first appears around 1850.[12]

Geography[edit]

Val-Anniviers
Main article: Val d'Anniviers

Anniviers has an area, as of 2011, of 243.1 square kilometers (93.9 sq mi). Of this area, 22.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 19.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and 57.1% is unproductive land.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Grimentz village
St. Luc village

Anniviers has a population (as of December 2012) of 2,622.[1] As of 2008, 19.5% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[14] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010 ) the population has changed at a rate of 14.4%. It has changed at a rate of 14.8% due to migration and at a rate of 3.4% due to births and deaths.[13]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (89.6%) as their first language, German is the second most common (3.9%) and Portuguese is the third (3.4%).[13]

As of 2008, the population was 52.1% male and 47.9% female. The population was made up of 1,038 Swiss men (41.0% of the population) and 281 (11.1%) non-Swiss men. There were 1,000 Swiss women (39.5%) and 213 (8.4%) non-Swiss women.[15]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 25% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 60% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 15.1%.[13]

As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 17 new units per 1000 residents.[13] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.52%.[13]

Historic Population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[8][9][10][11][12][16]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Grinding stones at Ilôt Bosquet and Chlasche

The Ilôt Bosquet and Chlasche in Grimentz is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance. The villages of Ayer, Grimentz, Saint-Jean and Vissoie along with the hamlet of Pinsec are all part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[17]

Politics[edit]

In the October 12, 2008, municipal election, the Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland took six seats, the Free Democratic Party of Switzerland took two seats, and the AdG[clarification needed] took one seat.

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Anniviers had an unemployment rate of 3.5%. As of 2008, there were 106 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 55 businesses involved in this sector. 358 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 43 businesses in this sector. 669 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 142 businesses in this sector.[13] Of the working population, 7.5% used public transportation to get to work, and 53.1% used a private car.[13]

Weather[edit]

Grimentz village has an average of 106.7 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives 769 mm (30.3 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Grimentz receives an average of 82 mm (3.2 in) of rain or snow. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 10.9 days. The driest month of the year is April with an average of 52 mm (2.0 in) of precipitation over 8.6 days.[18]

Education[edit]

Vissoie village is home to the Bibliothèque d'Anniviers library. The library has (as of 2008) 7,002 books or other media, and loaned out 5,395 items in the same year. It was open a total of 167 days with average of 25 hours per week during that year.[19]

Tourism[edit]

Anniviers is a high tourism region. Several hiking trails and diverse sports installations welcome visitors in summer. In winter, three ski areas are available: Grimentz, Saint-Luc - Chandolin and Zinal. Vercorin is also nearby, but is technically not in the municipality.

Special events[edit]

Every year, Anniviers is the terminus of the Sierre-Zinal and the Grand Raid Cristalp races.

Regional Specialty[edit]

A speciality wine of the valley is the Vin du Glacier.

Access[edit]

  • CH-Hinweissignal-Autobahn.svg A9: Motorway of Lausanne-Simplon.
  • Exit Sierre. 20 km (12 mi) via a picturesque mountain road.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 17 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 19 July 2011
  4. ^ Horváth Mihály Századok (Centuries), 1881: "They say they are the descendants of the old Huns". The majority of them have light-blue eyes or grayish green eyes, blonde or brown hair, with large and bony forehead, with a slightly yoke-bone. They have a common nose, broad chin, prominent shoulders and neck and they are in the general low statured." This description fits the so called East Baltic type, prominent among Finno-Ugrian peoples.
  5. ^ Anton Karl Fischer: Die Hunnen Im Schweizerischen Eifischthale Und Ihre Nachkommen Bis Auf Die Heutige Zeit. 1896. Kessinger Pub Co 2010. ISBN 978-1-161-10234-5
  6. ^ Kiszely István: A svájci "hun völgy" http://mek.niif.hu/01500/01522/html/index.htm
  7. ^ Mark Theodor Bourrit, chorister of the cathedral from Geneva, 1781, trouble for the bishopric of Sion with the people of Eifisch-valley who were stubbornly sticked to their pagan religion
  8. ^ a b Ayer in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  9. ^ a b Chandolin in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  10. ^ a b Grimentz in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  11. ^ a b Saint-Jean in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  12. ^ a b Saint-Luc in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22-September-2011
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  15. ^ Ständige Wohnbevolkerung nach Geschlecht und Heimat am 31.12.2009.xls (German) (French) accessed 24 August 2011
  16. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  17. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  18. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the Grimentz weather station elevation is 1575 meters above sea level.
  19. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, list of libraries (German) accessed 14 May 2010