Annobonese language

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Fa d’Ambö
Native to Equatorial Guinea
Region mainly on Annobón island; some speakers on Bioko island
Native speakers
5,000–6,000  (2010)[1]
Portuguese creoles
  • Afro-Portuguese creoles
    • Gulf of Guinea creoles
      • Annobonese
Language codes
ISO 639-3 fab
Glottolog fada1250[2]
Linguasphere 51-AAC-ae

The Annobonese language, known to its speakers as Fa d'Ambu, Fa d'Ambö or Fá d'Ambô (Portuguese: Fala de Ano-Bom), is spoken on the Annobon and Bioko Islands off the coast of Equatorial Guinea, mostly by people of mixed African, Spanish, and Portuguese descent.

Annobonese is a Portuguese creole. Its names in the Portuguese language are o falar de Ano Bom, anobonense or anobonês, and it is called annabonense, annobonense or annobonés in Spanish.


The language was spoken originally by the descendants of intermixing between Portuguese men and African women slaves imported from other places, especially from São Tomé and Angola, and therefore descends of Portuguese and Forro.


Annobonese is analogous to Forro. In fact, it must be derived from Forro as it shares the same structure (82% of its lexicon).[citation needed] After Annobon passed to Spain, the language gained some words of Spanish origin (10% of its lexicon),[citation needed] although it is difficult to be sure, given the similarity between Spanish and Portuguese. Today, the Spanish language is the official language of the island. Portuguese is used as liturgical language. Portuguese is being restored as an official language in Equatorial Guinea.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Annobonese at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Fa d'Ambu". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.