Annonacin

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Annonacin
Annonacin.png
Identifiers
CAS number 111035-65-5 YesY
PubChem 354398
ChemSpider 314587 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL476498
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Image 2
Properties
Molecular formula C35H64O7
Molar mass 596.88 g mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Annonacin is a chemical found in some fruits such as the custard apple and Sour Sop (and others from Annonaceae family). It is a member of the class of compounds known as acetogenins. Some reports concluded that regular consumption in rats (3.8 and 7.6 mg per kg per day for 28 days) caused brain lesions consistent with Parkinson's disease.[1][2] However, a more recent study from 2008 states: "The powerful cytotoxicity, in vivo antitumor, pesticidal, antimalarial, anthelmintic, piscicidal, antiviral, and antimicrobial effects indicated a myriad of potentially useful applications."[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lannuzel, A.; Michel, P. P.; Höglinger, G. U.; Champy, P.; Jousset, A.; Medja, F.; Lombès, A.; Darios, F. et al. (2003). "The Mitochondrial Complex I Inhibitor Annonacin is Toxic to Mesencephalic Dopaminergic Neurons by Impairment of Energy Metabolism". Neuroscience 121 (2): 287–296. doi:10.1016/S0306-4522(03)00441-X. PMID 14521988. 
  2. ^ Champy, P.; Höglinger, G. U.; Féger, J.; Gleye, C.; Hocquemiller, R.; Laurens, A.; Guérineau, V.; Laprévote, O. et al. (2003). "Annonacin, a Lipophilic Inhibitor of Mitochondrial Complex I, induces Nigral and Striatal Neurodegeneration in Rats: Possible Relevance for Atypical Parkinsonism in Guadeloupe". Journal of Neurochemistry 88 (1): 63–69. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.2003.02138.x. PMID 14675150. 
  3. ^ McLaughlin, J. L. (2008). "Paw Paw and Cancer: Annonaceous Acetogenins from Discovery to Commercial Products". Journal of Natural Products 71 (7): 1311–1321. doi:10.1021/np800191t. PMID 18598079. 

External links[edit]