An annotated bibliography is a bibliography that gives a summary of each of the entries. The purpose of annotations is to provide the reader with a summary and an evaluation of the source. Each summary should be a concise exposition of the source's central idea(s) and give the reader a general idea of the source's content.
An annotation should include complete bibliographic information for the source. It should also include some or all of the following:
- An explanation about the authority and/or qualifications of the author
- Scope or main purpose of the work
- Any detectable bias or interpretive stance
- Intended audience and level of reading
- A summary sentence
Types of annotations
Annotations may be written with different goals in mind. Can vary with different types of annotation.
This type of annotation defines the scope of the source, lists the topics and explains what the source is all about. In this type of entry, there is no attempt to give actual data such as hypotheses, proofs,author etc.
This type of annotation is a summary of the source. An informative annotation should include the thesis of the work, arguments or hypotheses, proofs and a conclusion.
Most annotated bibliographies contain combination annotations. This type of annotation will summarize or describe the topic, and then evaluate the source's usefulness.
No matter which writing style is used for annotations, all entries should be brief and a style should be used consistently. Only the most significant details should be mentioned. Information that is apparent in the title can be omitted from the annotation. In addition, background materials and any references to previous work are usually excluded.
Some styles, such as the "telegraphic" style, do not require complete and grammatically correct sentences; others do. In general, though, sentences are tersely written.
- What is an Annotated Bibliography? by the University of New South Wales The Learning Centre
- Carlson, Laurie. "Annotated Bibliographies". KU Writing Center. University of Kansas. Retrieved 15 April 2009.[dead link]
- Geoff Stacks, Erin Karper (2001). "Annotated Bibliographies". Purdue University. Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
- "Annotated Bibliographies: Content". Writer's Handbook. University of Wisconsin at Madison: The Writing Center. Archived from the original on 4 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-02.
- "Annotated Bibliographies: Style". Writer's Handbook. University of Wisconsin at Madison: The Writing Center. Archived from the original on 18 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-06.