Anohana: The Flower We Saw That Day

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Anohana: The Flower We Saw That Day
AnoHana DVD vol 1.jpg
Jinta and Meiko on the cover of the first DVD volume
あの日見た花の名前を僕達はまだ知らない。
(Ano Hi Mita Hana no Namae o Bokutachi wa Mada Shiranai.)
Genre Drama, Supernatural, Romance, Slice of life, Tragedy
Serial novel
Written by Mari Okada
Published by Media Factory
Imprint MF Bunko Da Vinci
Magazine Da Vinci
Original run March 2011July 2011
Volumes 2
Anime television series
Directed by Tatsuyuki Nagai
Written by Mari Okada
Music by Remedios
Studio A-1 Pictures
Licensed by
Network Fuji TV (noitamina), BS Fuji, Kansai TV, Tokai TV
Original run April 14, 2011June 23, 2011
Episodes 11 (List of episodes)
Manga
Written by Mari Okada
Illustrated by Mitsu Izumi
Published by Shueisha
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Jump Square
Original run April 4, 2012March 2013
Volumes 3
Game
Developer Guyzware
Publisher 5pb.
Genre Visual novel
Platform PlayStation Portable
Released
  • JP August 30, 2012
Anime film
Directed by Tatsuyuki Nagai
Studio A-1 Pictures
Licensed by
Released August 31, 2013
Manga
Written by Mari Okada
Illustrated by Mitsu Izumi
Published by Shueisha
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Jump Square
Published September 4, 2013
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Anohana: The Flower We Saw That Day (あの日見た花の名前を僕達はまだ知らない。 Ano Hi Mita Hana no Namae o Bokutachi wa Mada Shiranai.?, lit. "We Still Don't Know the Name of the Flower We Saw That Day.") is an 11-episode 2011 Japanese anime television series produced by A-1 Pictures and directed by Tatsuyuki Nagai. The anime aired in Fuji TV's noitamina block between April and June 2011. The anime is licensed in North America by NIS America. An anime film was released in Japanese theaters on August 31, 2013. A novelization by Mari Okada was serialized in Media Factory's Da Vinci magazine from March to July 2011. A manga adaptation illustrated by Mitsu Izumi began serialization in the May 2012 issue of Shueisha's Jump Square magazine. A visual novel adaptation for the PlayStation Portable was released by 5pb. in August 2012.

Plot[edit]

A group of six childhood friends drift apart after one of them, Meiko "Menma" Honma, dies in an accident. Ten years after the incident, the leader of the group, Jinta Yadomi, has withdrawn from society and lives as a recluse. One summer day, the ghost of an older looking Menma appears before him and asks to have a wish granted, reasoning that she cannot pass on into the afterlife until it is fulfilled. At first, he only tries to help her minimally because he thinks he is hallucinating. But since Menma does not remember what her wish is, Jinta gathers his estranged friends together once again, believing that they are the key to resolving this problem. All of friends join him, though most of them reluctantly. However, things grow increasingly complicated when his friends accuse him of not being able to get over the death of Menma, for Jinta is the only one who can see Menma's ghost and his friends think he is seeing things. But as things progress, it is realized that Jinta is not the only person in the group who is having trouble letting go of the past. It is revealed that a majority of the group members blame themselves for Menma's death and hidden feelings for other members of the group are rekindled. Along with feelings of bitterness from Menma's parents, the group struggles as they grow from trying to help Menma move on, to helping themselves move on, too.

Characters[edit]

Jinta "Jintan" Yadomi (宿海 仁太 Yadomi Jinta?)
Voiced by: Miyu Irino / Mutsumi Tamura (Childhood)
Jinta is a childhood friend of Naruko, Atsumu, Chiriko, Meiko and Tetsudo. As a child, Jinta was the de facto leader of the self-proclaimed Super Peace Busters. Jinta was energetic and outgoing during his childhood, but has become withdrawn and isolated due to the deaths of Meiko and his mother. After Meiko's death in an accident, the group of friends drifted apart, and Jinta eventually became a hikikomori, refusing to go to school and confining himself to his home. As a child, he had a crush on Meiko but refused to admit it when asked. This started the chain of events that led to her accidental death. He believes that the Meiko that appears to him is not a ghost, but rather a manifestation of his stress, calling her "the beast of summer". He eventually becomes hesitant to grant her wish out of fear that she will vanish again. Nonetheless, Meiko's appearance encourages him to venture outside and reconnect with the members of the Super Peace Busters. He is a natural leader with his friends always following him.
Meiko "Menma" Honma (本間 芽衣子 Honma Meiko?)
Voiced by: Ai Kayano
Meiko died in an accident as a child, but appears before Jinta on a summer day. Although she is aware of her death, Meiko is talkative and lively. She greatly values the childhood memories and friendship she once shared with the others, and has very few memories other than recollections of her friends and family, including that she had once made a request to Jinta. When she appears to Jinta, she has aged somewhat, but still retains childlike speech patterns and tendencies. She is also clothed in the dress she was wearing the day that she died. Though only Jinta has the ability to see or hear her, Meiko appears to be able to interact with the world around her: opening doors, cooking food, eating, and even playing video games, with many of these activities shown in scenes without Jinta present. Characters that she embraces often feel that the air is heavier. She held Jinta in special regard when she was alive and still worries about his current state. The others call her by her childhood nickname 'Menma', and she similarly refers to the Super Peace Busters by their childhood nicknames. Jinta has stated that she is selfless, only crying when others are hurt. Meiko holds no grudges towards her friends for the accident. She hopes to pass on so that she can be reincarnated and once more be in the same world as her friends. She is of mixed Russian and Japanese ancestry. She has feelings for Jinta and even when she came back she still held those feelings. In the last episode, he reads her letter to him that said her kind of "like" was the like where she wanted to be his bride.
Naruko "Anaru" Anjō (安城 鳴子 Anjō Naruko?)
Voiced by: Haruka Tomatsu
A childhood friend of Jinta, Atsumu, Chiriko, Tetsudo and Meiko. Naruko displays a cold attitude towards Jinta, especially while in front of her friends, but is secretly worried about his wellbeing. Naruko is described as a person easily influenced by others, hanging out with and playing along with the actions of other girls around her even when she doesn't agree with them. She had admired Meiko, and strove to be like her when they were children, though she was simultaneously envious of her relationship with Jinta. She attends the same high school as Jinta and is closest to him at the start of the series, even dropping off homework for him while he refuses to attend class. She tells him that she is disappointed by his current lifestyle, but still shows lingering feelings, even painting her nails before she goes to see him. She doubts Meiko's return, but remains jealous of the fact that Jinta still looks only at her, as well as guilt for asking the question that led to Meiko drowning. Atsumu states that both of them were left behind and are trapped by their unrequited feelings for Jinta and Meiko.
Atsumu "Yukiatsu" Matsuyuki (松雪 集 Matsuyuki Atsumu?)
Voiced by: Takahiro Sakurai / Asami Seto (Childhood)
A childhood friend of Jinta, Naruko, Chiriko, Tetsudo and Meiko. In the present, Atsumu holds a condescending and hateful attitude towards Jinta. He becomes agitated whenever Meiko is mentioned and tries to hide that he is still distraught over her death. He and Chiriko attend the same elite high school, which Jinta was unable to enter due to failing the entrance exams. Atsumu is handsome, athletic, and popular, but still trapped by the memory of Meiko, keeping a white sundress similar to hers in his closet. He claimed that he could also see Meiko's spirit, and even spoke on her behalf, but this 'ghost' turned out to be Atsumu himself, who would wander the forests at night dressed in a wig and the white sundress. He took blame for Meiko's death, as he'd confessed feelings to her on the day of her accident, and says that he is the one that should be haunted by Meiko's ghost because of this. Although he stops crossdressing after he is caught, he is still tormented by the idea of Meiko's spirit appearing only to Jinta. Atsumu confides in Naruko on how they are both left behind by their unrequited feelings for Jinta and Meiko, saying that they are kindred spirits. Atsumu has a dark, manipulative side driven by both his affection for Meiko and his inferiority complex from childhood.
Chiriko "Tsuruko" Tsurumi (鶴見 知利子 Tsurumi Chiriko?)
Voiced by: Saori Hayami
A childhood friend of Jinta, Naruko, Asumu, Tetsudo and Meiko. Chiriko is the quiet observer of the group and has an extremely serious and logical personality. She and Atsumu are the only two that remain close friends as the years pass and attend the same elite high school. The two are seen together so often that they are mistaken for lovers by their classmates and a shopkeeper. She has feelings for Atsumu, as she shows contempt whenever she sees that he has not gotten over Meiko's death. She keeps the hairpin Atsumu threw away after being rejected by Meiko, even wearing it when alone. At times, she plays the voice of reason for Atsumu as well as the role of a guardian. She knew of his guilt over Meiko's death and suspected that he was crossdressing as a means of coping. She can be critical of others, and in particular scolds Naruko for her habit of following others. She often sketches while idle, even doodling Atsumu wearing Meiko's sundress. Chiriko still feels indifferent over Meiko's return, doubting what her intentions are or if she has truly forgiven everyone. However, like all the other characters, she loves her and is deeply sad about her death as a child, because they were good friends. She admits to Naruko that she is in love with Atsumu, but believes that he will never love her back because she cannot win against Meiko. Chiriko feels that he is irreplaceable to her, thus she aids the effort to have Meiko achieve nirvana. In the series finale, after all find out that each one of them had secret selfish reasons for helping Meiko achieve Nirvana, she, like all, decides to help Meiko only because she loves her.
Tetsudō "Poppo" Hisakawa (久川 鉄道 Hisakawa Tetsudō?)
Voiced by: Takayuki Kondō / Aki Toyosaki (Childhood)
A childhood friend of Jinta, Naruko, Asumu, Chiriko and Meiko. During their childhood, he had great admiration for Jinta and frequently called him 'amazing' or 'cool'. He admits that he was always grateful to the group for including him as he was an awkward child. Although he has dropped out of school, he is a world traveler that earns money by taking various part-time jobs and lives in the old secret base when not abroad. Tetsudo is worldly and mellow. He is eager to see the Super Peace Busters get back together, believing instantly that Jinta could see and talk to Meiko. He is the first to directly tell Meiko that he will fulfill her wish and help her spirit pass on. When the group fights, he is often the one that takes initiative to smooth things out. However, it is revealed later in the series that Tetsudo hides the deep guilt he feels over his role in Meiko's accident underneath his happy-go-lucky personality, witnessing her fall into a river and drown, and blames himself for not saving her.

Media[edit]

Printed media[edit]

A novel adaptation of the anime written by Mari Okada was serialized in Media Factory's Da Vinci magazine between the March and July 2011 issues. The first of two volumes were published under Media Factory's MF Bunko Da Vinci imprint on July 25, 2011.[1] A manga adaptation illustrated by Mitsu Izumi began serialization in the May 2012 issue of Shueisha's Jump Square magazine from April 4, 2012 and ended in March 2013, compiled in three volumes.[2]

Anime[edit]

Chichibu Bridge is featured in the anime.

The 11-episode Anohana anime TV series directed by Tatsuyuki Nagai and produced by A-1 Pictures[3] aired in Japan between April 14 and June 23, 2011 on Fuji TV's noitamina programming block. The screenplay was written by Mari Okada, and chief animator Masayoshi Tanaka also designed the characters. The sound director is Jin Aketagawa, and the anime's music was produced by Remedios. NIS America licensed the series for release in North America with English subtitles, and released the anime on DVD and Blu-ray Disc in a two-disc compilation on July 3, 2012.[4] This series was broadcast in Italy on Rai 4.

The series uses two pieces of theme music: one opening and one ending. The opening theme is "Aoi Shiori" (青い栞 Blue Bookmark?) by Galileo Galilei, while the ending theme is "Secret Base ~Kimi ga Kureta Mono~ (10 years after Ver.)" (Secret Base ~君がくれたもの~ (10 years after Ver.) Secret Base ~The Thing you Gave Me~ (10 years after Ver.)?), a cover of the 2001 single by Zone, performed by Ai Kayano, Haruka Tomatsu, and Saori Hayami. The anime's original soundtrack was released on December 21, 2011.

An anime film was released in Japanese theaters on August 31, 2013.[5] The film is an epilogue set a year after the conclusion of the series showing each characters' new found resolve as they reflect on the events of the show. The film's theme song is "Circle Game" (サークルゲーム?) by Galileo Galilei.[6][7] The song is also used for an alternate opening for the anime's rerun on noitaminA starting in July 2013.[6] Aniplex of America will release the film in standard edition DVD and Blu-ray Disc (BD) sets and a limited edition BD/DVD combo back on July 15, 2014.[8]

Episode list[edit]

No. Title Original airdate
01 "Super Peace Busters"
"Chō Heiwa Basutāzu" (超平和バスターズ) 
April 14, 2011[9]
Jinta "Jintan" Yadomi is being pestered by a girl named Meiko "Menma" Honma, who only he can see. Menma says she has a wish she wants him to fulfill, but she can't remember what it was. Soon, she recalls that the dream was to have their friends all together again. One of the former friends, Naruko "Anaru" Anjō, drops by Jinta's house to drop off some homework, but is on bad terms with him. It is revealed that Jintan has poor school attendance. As Menma pesters Jinta to go after Naruko and talk to her, they both go into the city where they run into two other former friends, Chiriko "Tsuruko" Tsurumi and Atsumu "Yukiatsu" Matsuyuki, the latter of which reacts harshly when Jinta accidentally drops Menma's name. Frustrated, Jintan runs off and leaves Menma behind. Jinta begins to recall the past when he, Menma, and their other friends were part of a group known as the Super Peace Busters that hung out together when they were children. One day, Jinta accidentally hurt Meiko's feelings when asked if he liked her. He decided to apologize, but she died in an accident before he could. Back in the present, Menma visits her family's house. Jinta decides to search for Menma so he could finally apologize and he checks out their old secret fort. Here, he runs into the last of the six old friends, Tetsudō "Poppo" Hisakawa. 
02 "Menma the Hero"
"Yūsha Menma" (ゆうしゃめんま) 
April 21, 2011[9]
When Jinta tells Tetsudō about his visions of Menma, he instantly believes him. Meanwhile, Anaru ends up encountering Chiriko, though she soon breaks into tears when Menma is mentioned. It is revealed that Naruko blames herself for the circumstances leading to Menma's death. Tetsudō suggests that the wish Menma might want granted was to have a rare monster from a Nokémon video game, which Jinta buys from the game shop Anaru works at. He spends the night playing it before Menma comes back. The next day, Tetsudō runs into Atsumu and mentions what Jinta told him about Menma. He later goes around Jinta's house and mentions that they would have to trade with another Nokémon game to get the rare monster. As a result, they visit Anaru, who agrees to help them on the condition that Jinta starts attending school again. During this visit, Menma is happy to realize that Anaru still has an abundance of video games and manga, just like when they were kids. After spending the night gaming, they manage to get the rare monster, though it turns out not to be Menma's wish. Nevertheless, they are positive that somehow Menma's wish will be found out and fulfilled. Jinta, however, has found his own wish: to apologize to Menma because of the incident. 
03 "Menma Search Party"
"Menma o Sagasou no Kai" (めんまを探そうの会) 
April 28, 2011[9]
After being pestered by Menma, Jinta heads towards school, but changes his mind when faced with insults from Naruko's friends. He goes to see Tetsudō, who claims he saw Menma the previous night. Jinta arrives home where Menma had attempted to make muffins that Jinta's late mother used to make, though she claims she didn't go around Tetsudō's place the previous night. The next day, Tetsudō decides to hold a 'Menma Search Party' barbecue event for the others. When Atsumu eventually appears, he also claims to have seen Menma. 
04 "The White Dress with a Ribbon"
"Shiro no, Ribon no Wanpīsu" (白の、リボンのワンピース) 
May 5, 2011[9]
After Jinta keeps her from slipping in the same spot Menma died from, Naruko hints that he can probably see Menma because he loved her. Atsumu's claims of what Menma had told her differ from the real Menma's, so Jinta brings out the muffins that Menma made earlier, hoping to convey Menma's true feelings. The next day, Jinta is visited by Chiriko, who asks him to confront Atsumu about his 'fake Menma'. As the gang gets together that night, they appear to spot a Menma running around in the woods, which turns out to be Atsumu wearing a white sundress. 
05 "Tunnel"
"Tonneru" (トンネル) 
May 12, 2011[10]
Atsumu blames himself for Menma's death, and Menma has Jinta tell him things that only she and Atsumu know of. Later, Chiriko explains how she caught onto his obsession with Menma. Atsumu recalls ten years ago, when he confessed to Menma shortly after Jinta ran off, only to be rejected. Meanwhile, Jinta wonders why he hasn't been so focused on fulfilling Menma's wish lately. The next day, Naruko goes to a karaoke bar with her friends, when a boy forces her to a love hotel. She is saved by the timely arrival of Atsumu. On the train ride home, Atsumu asks Naruko about her feelings for Jinta. She is conflicted whether or not she 'likes' him. Meanwhile, Tetsudō tells Jinta his theory that Menma is around because she couldn't ascend to Heaven, but this just makes her upset. 
06 "Forget It, Don't Forget"
"Wasurete Wasurenaide" (わすれてわすれないで) 
May 19, 2011[10]
Trying to figure out Menma's wish, Jinta decides to make his long-delayed return to school. However, his return is overshadowed over rumours about Naruko having been spotted at a love hotel. As Naruko becomes noticeably upset by all the nasty gossip surrounding her, Jinta stands up for her, and both leave class right away. With Naruko troubled about her parents hearing about the news, she decides to stay at the secret base. Hoping if there are any clues to what Menma's wish might be, Jinta, Naruko and Tetsudō visit Menma's house to pay their respects, where they meet her mother, who gives them Menma's diary, which they agree to read the next day. When Jinta mentions the visit to Menma, she becomes upset as she wanted her mother to forget about her so that she wouldn't be sad. Jinta in turn yells at her for never thinking of herself and runs off. 
07 "The Real Wish"
"Honto no Onegai" (ほんとのお願い) 
May 26, 2011[10]
Jinta, Naruko and Tetsudō look inside Menma's diary, where they find an entry about how the group wanted to make a firework to send a letter to God to help Jinta's mother, though modern laws prevent them from making one themselves. As Chiriko asks Atsumu why he didn't bring up that Menma called the others on that fateful day, he points out it was something that was to be kept secret from Jinta. Jinta's father points him towards a friend of his that can make fireworks, but it's revealed one would cost 200,000 yen to make. Jinta takes up a part time job in order to help raise the money needed to buy a firework, working at Naruko's game store one day and Tetsudō's construction site the next. When Menma hears of this, she overhears Naruko talking about the firework and sees the work Jinta is doing for her. However, the next day the gang learn that the firework maker is no longer able to make a firework for them, under orders from one of Menma's parents. 
08 "I Wonder"   June 2, 2011[10]
Jinta and the others visit Menma's mother to ask about the fireworks, but she refuses, showing anger and sadness towards them about how they were able to grow up while Menma died years ago. Afterwards, Atsumu accuses Jinta of forcing his pain onto others, so Jinta decides to try to solve Menma's wish himself. As Jinta's multiple jobs begin to have a negative effect on his health, Naruko urges him to stop. She reveals that she felt happy when Jinta badmouthed Menma back then because she had a crush on him, later saying that if he were to grant Menma's wish, she would just disappear again. The next day, as Jinta goes with his father to visit his mother's grave, the others receive silent calls from Jinta's house phone. Jinta is later visited by Menma's brother, Satoshi, who tells him about his memories of Menma. As the others confront Jinta at the secret base about the silent calls they had received, Menma arrives and makes her presence known by writing a brand new entry in her diary and dropping it on the floor. 
09 "Menma and Company"
"Minna to Menma" (みんなとめんま) 
June 9, 2011[10]
The gang go round to Jinta's house, where they witness Menma's presence first hand, though it is shown that Menma is unable to write anywhere but the secret base. Afterwards, Atsumu says they should continue their efforts, going with Chiriko the next day to beg Menma's father for permission to have the fireworks made. As work on the fireworks begins, Atsumu becomes frustrated that only Jinta can see Menma, while Naruko is upset that she can't compare to her. As Atsumu tries to cheer Naruko up, Chiriko overhears Atsumu mention that he would go out with Naruko. After spending the evening with Tetsudō, Menma spots a carp in the river and goes to investigate, which scares Jinta when he spots her near the river, letting out that he wants her to stay forever. 
10 "Fireworks"
"Hanabi" (花火) 
June 16, 2011[11]
As the gang holds a party in Menma's honor in preparation for next day's fireworks, Chiriko becomes cold towards Atsumu, mentioning that on that day, Menma apparently wanted to do something for Jinta. On the night of the party, Atsumu has Naruko and Tetsudō pressure Jinta into admitting his true feelings for Menma in front of everyone. As Naruko laments his answer, Chiriko reveals to her that she loves Atsumu, to which Naruko admits she loves Jinta. Jinta asks Menma if she would rather stay here so that they could be together, to which Menma responds that she plans to go on to heaven and be reincarnated. On the day of the firework launch, Satoshi comes to watch while Jinta has doubts of going through with it. Jinta wants to stop the firework, however, he's too late. As the firework launched, Jinta suddenly heard Menma's voice: he looked behind and saw Menma admiring the fireworks. 
11 "The Flower Blooming on That Summer"
"Ano Natsu ni Saku Hana" (あの夏に咲く花) 
June 23, 2011[11]
Jinta and the others think that Menma did not pass on because their feelings were selfish. Chiriko tells them she conspired with Menma the day she died in the hopes of getting together with Atsumu, who she secretly had been in love with since childhood. Tetsudō had seen what happened to Menma on that day and felt guilty about it ever since. After everyone cries, Jinta tells everyone about Menma's dream to talk with everyone, so they suggest they bring Menma to the base. However, Menma has started to disappear, because she had made a promise to Jinta's mother to help Jinta learn to cry. Jinta carries Menma to the secret base, but when he gets there, he loses his ability to see her. As the gang try to search for her, Menma writes some final messages to everyone. After shouting out to her, Jinta and the others are able to see and hear her, enabling them to give their final goodbyes before she disappears. Later, Jinta starts going to school with Naruko, while Atsumo and Chiriko grow closer together. As for Tetsudō, he continues working on his part-time job and also tries to study again. Jinta and his friends return to the secret base and read Menma's final messages while thinking about the flower that blooms in the summer. 

Visual novel[edit]

A visual novel adaptation developed by Guyzware for the PlayStation Portable was published by 5pb. on August 30, 2012.[12][13]

Reception[edit]

The film grossed US$10.2 million and was the 10th highest-grossing anime film in Japan in 2013.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "あの日見た花の名前を僕達はまだ知らない。上" [Anohana: The Flower We Saw That Day (volume 1)] (in Japanese). Media Factory. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
  2. ^ "AnoHana Anime Gets Manga in Jump Square Magazine". Anime News Network. February 29, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Aniplex, A-1 Pictures Launch Anohana Project Anime". Anime News Network. December 9, 2010. Retrieved February 24, 2011. 
  4. ^ "NIS America Licenses anohana: The Flower We Saw That Day". Anime News Network. March 29, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Anohana Film's August 31 Date, 2nd Key Visual Revealed". Anime News Network. March 25, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Galileo Galilei to Perform Anohana Film's Theme Song". Anime News Network. May 30, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ "anohana: The Flower We Saw That Day Gets Film Next Summer". Anime News Network. August 5, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Aniplex USA Offers 1st, 2nd Madoka Magica Films Dubbed, AnoHana Film Blu-ray/DVD". Anime News Network. May 24, 2014. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d "あの日見た花の名前を僕達はまだ知らない。" (in Japanese). Web Newtype. Archived from the original on March 10, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "あの日見た花の名前を僕達はまだ知らない。" (in Japanese). Web Newtype. Archived from the original on May 10, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2011. 
  11. ^ a b "あの日見た花の名前を僕達はまだ知らない。" (in Japanese). Web Newtype. Archived from the original on June 10, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2011. 
  12. ^ "AnoHana TV Anime Inspires PSP Game". Anime News Network. March 26, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Dunamis15, Corpse Party 2U, anohana Games Slated for Release by 5pb.". Anime News Network. April 10, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2012. 
  14. ^ "The Asian films driving global box office". Film Business Asia. May 16, 2104. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 

External links[edit]