Anoka County, Minnesota

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Anoka County, Minnesota
AnokaCntyCourthouse.jpg
The Anoka County Courthouse and Government Center in downtown Anoka, July 2009
Map of Minnesota highlighting Anoka County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded May 23, 1857[1]
Named for City of Anoka
Seat Anoka
Largest city Coon Rapids
Area
 • Total 446 sq mi (1,155 km2)
 • Land 423 sq mi (1,096 km2)
 • Water 23 sq mi (60 km2), 5.2%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 339,534
 • Density 782/sq mi (302/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 5th, 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.anoka.mn.us

Anoka County (/əˈnkə/ ə-NOH-kə) is the fourth-most populous county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 330,844.[2] The county seat and namesake of the county is the City of Anoka,[3] which is derived from the Dakota word anokatanhan meaning "on (or from) both sides," referring to its location on the banks of the Rum River.[4] The largest city in the county is City of Coon Rapids, the twelfth largest city in Minnesota and the seventh largest Twin Cities suburb.

Anoka County comprises the north portion of the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, the largest metropolitan area in the state and the sixteenth largest in the United States with about 3.3 million residents.

The county is bordered by the counties of Isanti on the north, Chisago and Washington on the east, Hennepin and Ramsey on the south, Sherburne on the west, and the Mississippi River on the southwest. The Rum River cuts through the county and was the site of many early European settlements. It was a common route to the Mille Lacs Lake, the spiritual homeland of the Mdewakanton Dakota (Sioux). The river was traveled under captivity by Father Louis Hennepin in his first exploration of the region.[5] The area became a center of fur trade and logging as French and French Canadian communities grew in the cities of Anoka and Centerville.[6] Organized in 1857, the county's southern border eventually met Minneapolis and has become a predominantly suburban area following the construction of Interstate 35W. The county is home to local Twin Cities destinations such as the Heights Theater in Columbia Heights and Northtown Mall and the National Sports Center in Blaine.

History[edit]

Anoka County was organized by an act of the territorial Legislature on May 23, 1857, the year prior to Minnesota's admission to the Union. It was formed from parts of Ramsey County and Benton County; the Rum River previously divided the line between the two counties. The boundaries were mainly the same as they are now, except for a small part of the southeastern tip along the Mississippi River and at the south. It was a small portion that connected to Ramsey and occupied one-third of the congressional township. It was then attached to Anoka County by constitutional amendment November 2, 1869. It later became known as Fridley in 1879.

The first white men to explore what is now Anoka County were the Franciscan friar Louis Hennepin and two others in his party. Not soon after, fur traders began to settle in the area which is now Ramsey County. They settled on the Rum River and more people were attracted to the area. A community was created which is now called Anoka.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 446 square miles (1,160 km2), of which 423 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (5.2%) is water.[7] Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information shows: Anoka County Pie Chart New Wiki Version.pdf [8]

Lakes[edit]

Rivers[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Anoka, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1
 
23
5
 
 
0.9
 
29
10
 
 
1.8
 
41
22
 
 
3
 
58
35
 
 
3.7
 
70
46
 
 
4.4
 
77
56
 
 
4.5
 
81
61
 
 
4.4
 
78
59
 
 
3.9
 
70
50
 
 
2.8
 
57
38
 
 
2
 
40
25
 
 
1.2
 
26
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Anoka have ranged from a low of 5 °F (−15 °C) in January to a high of 81 °F (27 °C) in July, although a record low of −40 °F (−40 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.87 inches (22 mm) in February to 4.45 inches (113 mm) in July.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,106
1870 3,940 87.1%
1880 7,108 80.4%
1890 9,884 39.1%
1900 11,313 14.5%
1910 12,493 10.4%
1920 15,626 25.1%
1930 18,415 17.8%
1940 22,443 21.9%
1950 35,579 58.5%
1960 85,916 141.5%
1970 154,712 80.1%
1980 195,998 26.7%
1990 243,641 24.3%
2000 298,084 22.3%
2010 330,844 11.0%
Est. 2013 339,534 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 Census data

The 2000 United States Census found were 298,084 people, 106,428 households, and 79,395 families residing in the county. The population density was 704 people per square mile (272/km²). There were 108,091 housing units at an average density of 255 per square mile (99/km²). The 2010 United States Census found that 330,844 people are residing in the county.[14]

At the time of the 2000 Census, the racial makeup of the county was 93.64 percent white, 1.60 percent black or African American, 0.70 percent Native American, 1.69 percent Asian, 0.02 percent Pacific Islander, 0.65 percent from other races, and 1.71 percent from two or more races, and 1.66 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The 2000 Census found 30.2 percent were of German, 14.3 percent Norwegian, 9.0 percent Swedish, 7.3 percent Irish and 5.9 percent Polish ancestry.

There were 106,428 households out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 19.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 34.10% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 7.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $57,754, and the median income for a family was $64,261. Males had a median income of $41,527 versus $30,534 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,297. About 2.90% of families and 4.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.90% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[edit]

Presidential Election Results 1960–2012[15]
Year Democratic Republican
2012 47.5% 88,614 50.1% 93,430
2008 47.7% 86,976 50.1% 91,357
2004 46.1% 80,226 52.8% 91,853
2000 46.7% 68,008 47.6% 69,256
1996 51.4% 63,756 33.7% 41,745
1992 42.0% 54,621 30.3% 39,458
1988 54.8% 57,953 44.3% 46,853
1984 51.6% 50,305 47.8% 46,578
1980 51.8% 45,532 37.7% 33,100
1976 61.5% 48,173 35.6% 27,863
1972 47.2% 28,031 49.8% 29,546
1968 61.1% 30,656 32.6% 16,358
1964 70.5% 31,714 29.3% 13,201
1960 58.9% 20,324 40.9% 14,114

County Commissioners[edit]

As of January 2013

  • District 1 (western Anoka, Bethel, Burns, western Oak Grove, Ramsey, Saint Francis) - Matt Look
  • District 2 (northeastern Andover, northern Blaine, East Bethel, Ham Lake, eastern Oak Grove) - Julie Braastad
  • District 3 (central Blaine, northern Fridley, Spring Lake Park) - Robyn West
  • District 4 (Columbia Heights, southern Fridley, Hilltop) - Jim Kordiak
  • District 5 (southern Andover and eastern Coon Rapids) - Carol LeDoux
  • District 6 (southeastern Blaine, Centerville, Circle Pines, Columbus, Lexington, Lino Lakes, Linwood) - Rhonda Sivarajah, Chair
  • District 7 (eastern Anoka, western Andover and western Coon Rapids) - Scott Schulte, Vice Chair

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Township[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Stephen Return Riggs, A Dakota-English Dictionary (editor, James Owen Dorsey). Government Printing Office, 1892, page 37.
  5. ^ "Anoka County Early Years". Anoka County Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  6. ^ June D. Holmquist (1981). They Chose Minnesota. Minnesota Historical Society Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-87351-231-2. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 61 - 64. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Anoka, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 31 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  14. ^ http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°16′N 93°14′W / 45.27°N 93.24°W / 45.27; -93.24