Anomochilidae

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Anomochilidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Infraorder: Alethinophidia
Family: Anomochilidae
Cundall, Wallach & Rossman, 1993
Genus: Anomochilus
Berg, 1901
Synonyms
  • Anomolochilus Lidth de Jeude In Weber, 1890
  • Anomochilus Berg, 1901[1]
Common names: dwarf pipe snakes.[2]

The Anomochilidae, or anomochilids, are a monotypic family created for the genus Anomochilus, which currently contains three monotypic species.[2]

Description[edit]

The typical specimen has a small head, not distinct from the neck, with large, symmetrical shields. The eyes are very small, distinct from the surrounding shields. The nostrils are in a single nasal, which forms a suture with its fellow behind the rostral. The body is cylindrical. The dorsal scales are smooth, in 21 rows. The ventrals are very small, scarcely enlarged. The tail is extremely short and blunt.[3]

These three species much resemble those of the family Cylindrophiidae (Asian pipesnakes). However, they lack both a chin groove and teeth on their pterygoid.

Geographic range[edit]

They are found in West Malaysia and on the Indonesian island of Sumatra.[1]

Species[edit]

Species[2] Taxon author[2] Common name Geographic range[1]
A. leonardi M.A. Smith, 1940 Leonard's pipe snake West Malaysia in Selangor and Pahang.
A. weberiT (Lidth de Jeude In Weber, 1890) Weber's pipe snake Indonesia on the island of Sumatra.
A. monticola Das, Lakim, Lim & Hui, 2008 Mountain pipe snake Borneo

T) Type species.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

The name of the genus was originally Anomolochilus, which was given to it by T.W. van Lidth de Jeude in 1890. In 1901, C. Berg pointed out the name was already occupied by a genus of Coleoptera (beetles), and he proposed as a replacement the name Anomochilus.[4]

The genus, together with Cylindrophis, was previously assigned to the subfamily Cylindrophinae under the family Uropeltidae, but both were removed by Cundall et al. (1993) to prevent a paraphyletic relationship.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d "Anomochilidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 14 August 2007. 
  3. ^ Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume I. London. p. 134.
  4. ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.

External links[edit]