He was educated at the Christian Messmore Intermediate College of Pauri. After completing a year of intermediate education he joined the DAV College of Lucknow for his second and last year of intermediate.
Before moving to the USA in 1959, Chandola was educated at the universities of Allahabad and Lucknow where he graduated with university degrees in Sanskrit, English, and Hindi literature. He subsequently obtained an MA in linguistics from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Chicago.
He lives in Tucson and Seattle with his wife Sudha. His son, Manjul Varn Chandola, is a Seattle/Tacoma based DUI lawyer .
Chandola has taught Indian literature, culture, and religion at several universities in India and the USA, including Sardar Patel University, the M.S. University of Baroda, the University of California, Berkeley, University of Washington, University of Texas-Austin, and University of Wisconsin–Madison.
Chandola has written scholarly books and articles primarily in the areas of linguistics, music, religion and literature which includes extensive interdisciplinary and theoretical analysis. He founded the field of musicolinguistics based on coining the term, arguing for its creation and laying a theoretical framework for the discipline.
Chandola is also a novelist who covers multicultural themes with an Indo-American focus. His novels use ancient Indian mythology and religion extensively to understand modern social problems.
- "Hindi Newspaper Reader" With Colin P. Masica, C.M. Naim, John Roberts (University of Chicago)
- "The Poems of Surdas" With S. M. Pandey and Norman H. Zide (University of Chicago)
- "A Premchand Reader" With Norman H. Zide, Colin P. Masica, K.C. Bahl (East-West Center Press, Honolulu)
- Music As Speech: An Ethnomusicolinguistic Study of India (Published by Navrang Publishers, New Delhi)
- The Way to True Worship: Popular Story of Hinduism (Published by The University Press of America, Lanham, New York, London)
- Folk Drumming in the Himalayas: Linguistic Approach to Music (Published by The AMS Press. Research supported by the US National Science Foundation)
- Systematic Translation of Hindi-Urdu into English (Published by The University of Arizona Press)
- Situation to Sentence: Evolutionary Method for Descriptive Linguistics (Published by AMS Press, New York)
- Contactics: The Daily Drama of Human Contact (Published by The University Press of America)
- On the non-existence of phrase and transformation : VP and the brain operations (Published by The University of North Carolina)
- Mystic and Love Poetry of Medieval Hindi: With Introduction, Texts, Grammar, Notes, Translations and Glossary (Published by Scholarly Press)
- In the Himalayan Nights (Published by Savant Books and Publications LLC ISBN 978-0-9829987-0-0, March 2012)
- The Dharma Videos of Lust: Mysteries of Indian Religions (Published by UKA Press ISBN 978-1-905796-15-1, October 26, 2005)
- The Second Highest World War: The Rama Theater (Published by iUniverse ISBN 978-0-595-22229-2, April 2, 2002)
- Discovering Brides (Published by iUniverse ISBN 978-0-595-09900-9, July 21, 2000)
Reviews, Awards and Interviews
- Finalist, the National Indie Excellence Awards for "The Dharma Videos of Lust," 2009
- Finalist, ForeWord Reviews Awards for "In the Himalayan Nights," 2013
- Honorable Mention Award of Great Northwest Book Festival for "In the Himalayan Nights," 2013
- "The Dharma Videos of Lust" reviewed  by Arup Chakraborty, Hindustan Times, by Alexis Blue Lo Que Pasa; by J.C. Martin The Arizona Daily Star; Ellen Tanner Marsh, Best Seller Author of New York Times; Michael Witzel, the Wales Professor of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, Harvard University
- "In the Himalayan Nights" reviewed by Glen Jennings in Cha: An Asian Literary Journal; by Grady Harp, Top 50 Amazon Reviewer; by Laurie Hanan, Author; by Jane Li, Author; by Christine Wald-Hopkins in Tucson Weekly; by Ekraz Singh in Existere: A Journal of Arts and Literature, York University; by Sukriti Tolani in The Hindustan Times
- Beiss, T & Deutsch ,W (2003). Singing as a Stepping Stone for Speaking: Melodic Intonation Therapy, in The Conference on Interdisciplinary Musicology (CIM04), April 15–18, 2004, Graz, Austria; CHANDOLA, A.C.1969 « Metalinguistie structure of Indian drumming : a study in musico-linguistics », Language and Style, II (4) : 288-295; Some Systems of Musical Scales and Linguistic Principles. Semiotica, 2.135-150 (1970)
- Alter, A. (2003). Dhol Sagar: Aspects of Drum Knowledge amongst Musicians in Garhwal, North India, 24 European Bulletin of Himalayan Research 63, p. 72, fn 7
- Chandola, A.C.(1969). Metalinguistie structure of Indian drumming : a study in musico-linguistics », Language and Style, II (4) : 288-295; Some Systems of Musical Scales and Linguistic Principles. Semiotica, 2.135-150 (1970); Stress Behavior in Musicolinguistics. In The Performing Arts (World Anthropology). Proceedings of IX International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, ed. The Hague: Mouton (1979); Musicolinguistics in Literary Esthetics. In To Honor A.A. Hill, Linguistic and Literary Studies IV, ed. The Hague: Mouton (1979)