Anorisaki Lighthouse

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Anorisaki Lighthouse

安乗埼灯台
Anorizaki-todai 01.JPG
Anorisaki Lighthouse
Location S of Shima, Mie Prefecture, Japan
Coordinates 34°21′43″N 136°54′41″E / 34.36194°N 136.91139°E / 34.36194; 136.91139
Year first lit April 1, 1873 (1873-04-01) [1]
Automated October 1988
Foundation Concrete
Construction Concrete
Tower shape square
Height 12.7 metres (42 ft) [1]
Focal height 33.3 metres (109 ft) [1]
Original lens Fourth Order Fresnel
Range 30 kilometres (16 nmi)
Characteristic Fl W 15s
original Brunton-designed structure now at the Museum of Maritime Science, Tokyo

Anorisaki Lighthouse (安乗埼灯台 Anorisaki tōdai?) is a lighthouse located on the top of Shima Peninsula in the city of Shima, Mie Prefecture, Japan.

The Anorisaki Lighthouse was designed and constructed by British engineer Richard Henry Brunton, and was first lit on April 1, 1873. It is noteworthy in that it is the first lighthouse in Japan to use a rotating Fresnel lens. The octagonal structure was built of Zelkova serrata wood, and had a total height of 10.6 metres. Brunton constructed a total of 25 lighthouses in Japan from far northern Hokkaidō to southern Kyūshū during his career in Japan, each with a different design. Although Anorisaki Lighthouse was the 20th of the 25 built by Brunton, it was the oldest with a wooden construction.

This lighthouse was relocated five meters inland from its original location in 1911 due to coastal erosion. It was electrified in 1932. In 1948, it was replaced by a more modern design, and the original structure designed by Brunton was relocated to the Museum of Maritime Science in Tokyo.

The modern replacement was completed in August 1948, and is a square ferro-concrete structure with a total height of 12.7 metres. The lens was upgraded to a 4th order Fresnel in 1950. The lighthouse was fully automated and has been unattended since October 1988. From April 29, 2004 it has been open to the public for tours, with a small museum attached containing displays about the filming of the 1957 Japanese movie Yorokobi mo kanashimi mo ikutoshitsuki.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "安乗埼灯台" (in Japanese). 4th Regional Coast Guard Headquarters (Japan). Retrieved 31 December 2010. 

References[edit]

  • Brunton, Richard. Building Japan, 1868-1879. Japan Library, 1991. ISBN 1-873410-05-0
  • Pedlar, Neil. The Imported Pioneers: Westerners who Helped Build Modern Japan. Routledge, 1990. ISBN 0-904404-51-X

External links[edit]