Another Brick in the Wall

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"Another Brick in the Wall"
Series of songs by Pink Floyd from the album The Wall
Published Pink Floyd Music Publishers Ltd
Released 30 November 1979
Recorded April–November 1979
Genre Progressive rock
Length 9:08 (All three parts)
3:21 (Part 1)
3:59 (Part 2)
1:48 (Part 3)
5:43 (Radio Edit)
Label Harvest (UK)
Columbia (US)
Writer Roger Waters
Producer Bob Ezrin, David Gilmour, James Guthrie and Roger Waters
The Wall track listing

"Another Brick in the Wall" is the title of three songs set to variations of the same basic theme, on Pink Floyd's 1979 rock opera, The Wall, subtitled Part 1 (working title "Reminiscing"), Part 2 (working title "Education"), and Part 3 (working title "Drugs"). All parts were written by Pink Floyd's bassist, Roger Waters. Part II is a protest song against rigid schooling in general and boarding schools in the UK in particular.[1] It was also released as a single and provided the band's only number-one hit in the United Kingdom, the United States, West Germany and many other countries. In addition, in the US, along with the tracks, "Run Like Hell", and "Don't Leave Me Now", "Another Brick in the Wall" reached number fifty-seven on the disco chart.[2]

In the UK, it was Pink Floyd's first single since 1968's "Point Me at the Sky"; the song was also the final number-one single of the 1970s. For Part II, Pink Floyd received a Grammy nomination for Best Performance by a Rock Duo or Group and lost to Bob Seger's "Against the Wind". In addition, Part II was number 375 on Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time".[3] The single sold over 4 million copies worldwide.[4]

The single, as well as the album The Wall, were banned in South Africa in 1980 after the song was adopted by supporters of a nationwide school boycott protesting racial inequities in education under the apartheid regime.[5][6]

Concept[edit]

Each of the three parts has a similar tune, and lyrical structure (though not lyrics, aside from the "all in all" refrain), and each is louder and more enraged than the one before, rising from the sadness of Part I to the protesting Part II to the furious Part III.

Part 1[edit]

Composition

Part 1 of the song is very quiet dynamically and features a long, subdued guitar solo. The vocals are softer and gentler in tone than in Parts 2 and 3, although there is a short, sharp rise in dynamics and tone for a brief period towards the end of the lyrical portion. Sniffing, shouting, wailing, calling, and children can be faintly heard in the background. The song's beginning coincides with the final chord of "The Thin Ice", and the echoing multi-guitar solo (after the lyrics) crossfades into the helicopter and yelling-teacher sounds of "The Happiest Days of Our Lives".

Plot

"The Thin Ice" discussed during the previous song breaks when Pink becomes older and learns of the death of his father. Pink is devastated by this reality and begins to build The Wall.

Film version

Pink's mother is seen praying in a church after the death of her husband overseas. Pink, however, is, at this point, oblivious of his death, and can be seen playing with a toy aeroplane. The song continues with Pink playing in a public park after his mother leaves him to go shopping. He sees a man who he takes a liking to in the absence of his own father. The man gives Pink a lift onto a ride, and it's clear Pink feels as if this man is his real father. Pink follows the man's son around, copying him, but doesn't understand why the other boy's father isn't paying attention to him. He grabs the man's hand but is shooed away, only to grab the man's hand again. The man pushes Pink away again, and dejectedly he sits on a swing (which is too far off the ground for him to swing himself). He looks over at the other parents swinging their kids, feeling even more alone.

Part 2[edit]

"Another Brick in the Wall
(Part 2)"
Single by Pink Floyd
from the album The Wall
B-side "One of My Turns"
Released 23 November 1979
Format 7"
Recorded April–November 1979
Genre Progressive rock, disco
Length 3:11 (single version)
3:59 (album version)
3:54 (A Collection of Great Dance Songs version)
Label Harvest (UK)
Columbia (US)
Writer(s) Roger Waters
Producer(s) Bob Ezrin, David Gilmour, James Guthrie and Roger Waters
Pink Floyd singles chronology
"Have a Cigar"
(1975)
"Another Brick in the Wall, Part 2"
(1979)
"Run Like Hell"
(1980)
The Wall track listing
Audio sample
file info · help
Composition

In the album version of The Wall, "Another Brick in the Wall (Part 2)" segues from "The Happiest Days of Our Lives", with Roger Waters' signature scream.[citation needed] The song has strong drums, a well-known[to whom?] bass line and distinctive guitar parts in the background with a smooth, yet edgy guitar solo. The song also features a choir of schoolchildren singing in the second verse: as the song ends, the sounds of a school yard are heard, along with a Scots teacher who continues to lord it over the children's lives by shouting "Wrong! Do it again!", and "If you don't eat yer meat, you can't have any pudding! How can you have any pudding if you don't eat yer meat?!", and "You! Yes! You behind the bikesheds! Stand still, laddie!", all of it dissolving into the dull drone of a phone ringing and ending with a deep sigh.

School choir

Producer Bob Ezrin had immediately recognised the hit potential of this song, but it took some manoeuvring behind the band's back until "Part II" took its eventual form.

It was Ezrin's idea to use a school choir for this song, as he explained to Guitar World in 2009:[7]

The most important thing I did for the song was to insist that it be more than just one verse and one chorus long, which it was when Roger wrote it. When we played it with the disco drumbeat I said: "Man, this is a hit! But it's one minute 20. We need two verses and two choruses." And they said, "Well you're not bloody getting them. We don't do singles, so fuck you." So I said, "Okay, fine", and they left. And because of our two [tape recorder] set up, while they weren't around we were able to copy the first verse and chorus, take one of the drum fills, put them in between and extend the chorus.

Then the question is what do you do with the second verse, which is the same? And having been the guy who made Alice Cooper's School's Out, I've got this thing about kids on record, and it is about kids after all. So while we were in America, we sent [recording engineer] Nick Griffiths to a school near the Floyd studios [in Islington, North London]. I said, "Give me 24 tracks of kids singing this thing. I want Cockney, I want posh, fill 'em up", and I put them on the song. I called Roger into the room, and when the kids came in on the second verse there was a total softening of his face, and you just knew that he knew it was going to be an important record.

Griffiths approached music teacher Alun Renshaw of Islington Green School, around the corner from Pink Floyd's Britannia Row Studios, about the choir.[8]

Though the school received a lump sum payment of £1000, there was no contractual arrangement for royalties from record sales. Under a 1996 UK copyright law, they became eligible for royalties from broadcasts, and after royalties agent Peter Rowan traced choir members through the website Friends Reunited and other means, they lodged a claim for royalties with the Performing Artists' Media Rights Association in 2004.[9]

Disco beat

The idea for the disco beat came likewise from Ezrin. As David Gilmour explained in 2009:[7]

It wasn't my idea to do disco music, it was Bob's. He said to me, "Go to a couple of clubs and listen to what's happening with disco music," so I forced myself out and listened to loud, four-to-the-bar bass drums and stuff and thought, Gawd, awful! Then we went back and tried to turn one of the [song's] parts into one of those so it would be catchy.

Of the final outcome, Roger Waters has commented:

It was great—exactly the thing I expected from a collaborator.

David Gilmour said:

And it doesn't, in the end, not sound like Pink Floyd.

Plot

After being insulted by the teacher, Pink dreams that the kids in his school begin to protest against their abusive teachers. The song talks about how he had a personal wall around him from the rest of the world, the teachers were just another brick in the wall.[citation needed]

Film version

Following "The Happiest Days of Our Lives" Pink starts to daydream during his class. He imagines several students marching in unison to the beat of the song, following a path until they enter a steamy tunnel section to re-emerge as putty-faced clones void of individual distinction and proceed to fall blindly into an oversized meat-grinder. Starting with Gilmour's guitar solo, the children destroy the school building using hammers (foreshadowing the subsequent neo-fascist Nazi-like animated sequence with its marching hammers) and crowbars, creating a bonfire, dragging their teacher out of the burning school kicking and screaming while chanting "We don't need no education." The song ends with Pink rubbing his hand, which the teacher slapped with a ruler in the song previously.

During the song, the teacher's "meat and pudding" lines are folded into the first few lines of the school choir's lines (with the instrumental breaks between shortened by a bar in 2 places), and are performed by the teacher in the film, played by Alex McAvoy.

Music video

Prior to the film, the first video for the track, directed by album/concert/film art designer Gerald Scarfe, depicted students running in a playground (Kings Square Gardens, Islington) and the teacher puppet from The Wall concerts was used. The video also mixed in some animated scenes later used in "The Trial" and "Waiting for the Worms". The opening shot, a pan across the London skyline was filmed from the top of Turnpike House in Islington, both St Lukes Church and St Clements Church (the one overlooking the playground) are both clearly visible in the shot. After the media furore surrounding the song, the Islington Green school head teacher Margaret Maden refused permission for the children who sang on the song to appear in the video or on Top of the Pops, although at the time they were told it was because they didn't hold Equity Cards.[10]

Once the film was completed, the actual scenes of "The Happiest Days of Our Lives" and "Another Brick in the Wall, Part II" were combined into a new video, which now represents the music video for "Another Brick in the Wall".

Live Versions

When performed as part of the various live shows of The Wall, the teacher is represented by a giant inflatable puppet, based on the figure from Scarfe's animations. This puppet duly becomes the focus of the song's anger and frustration.

Alternative versions
  • The single version has a short 4-bar rhythm guitar and drum intro before the initial lyric, but fades out earlier—ending after approximately 3 minutes 11 seconds.
  • The 1981 compilation A Collection of Great Dance Songs includes a hybrid (3:54) version which, like the single version, omits the segue from "The Happiest Days of Our Lives" and includes the 4-bar guitar/drum intro—but retains the longer playground ending of the studio version, fading out just before the telephone sounds.
  • The versions from live albums and videos Delicate Sound of Thunder and Pulse (recorded after Waters' departure from the band) feature the main guitar solo by David Gilmour, followed by an additional tapping guitar riff by touring guitarist Tim Renwick. These are backed by Guy Pratt's slap bass lines. On Delicate Sound of Thunder, the children's choir part is played from tape, while on Pulse, it is performed by the backing singers.
  • The version from Is There Anybody Out There? The Wall Live 1980–81 (from the 1980–81 concerts at Earls Court, London) also features an extended solo by Snowy White and an organ solo by Richard Wright.
  • In 1990, prior to The Wall – Live in Berlin a rare, limited edition promo CD titled "The Wall Berlin '90" was issued to radio stations (Columbia CSK 2126) which included "When the Tigers Broke Free" and a new version of "Another Brick in the Wall Part 2" credited as a "New Recording by The Bleeding Heart Band / June 1990".
  • The version from The Wall Live in Berlin has Cyndi Lauper singing lead vocals, and features Rick DiFonzo playing the original solo, Snowy White playing a second guitar solo, Peter Wood playing an organ solo, and Thomas Dolby playing a synthesiser solo.
  • The song was included with "The Happiest Days of Our Lives" in the compilation Echoes: The Best of Pink Floyd,[11] and segues into the first note of an edited version of "Echoes".
  • Roger Waters' 2000 US tour, In the Flesh – Live (released on CD and DVD in 2006), featured the song—segued in from "The Happiest Days of Our Lives"—with live backup singers and the taped children's choir singing with Waters in the second verse, and—after two guitar solos—a third verse (same lyrics as second verse).
  • During The Wall Live tour 2011, Waters added an acoustic coda to "Another Brick in the Wall (Part 2)" with brand new lyrics referring to the death of Jean Charles de Menezes:[citation needed] According To the 2012 Tour program this song is called The Ballad Of Jean Charles de Menezes.
All in all it's just another brick in the wall
All in all you're just another brick in the wall
Just another blunder
Just another lousy call
Just another clap of thunder
And apologies ring hollow
From the guilty in Whitehall
And there's no hint of sorrow
Just the whitewash on the wall
Just one man dead
And nothing is gained
Nothing at all
And Jean Charles de Menezes remains
Just another brick in the wall

Charts and certifications[edit]

Part 3[edit]

Composition

This song is louder than the previous two parts, expressing Pink's rage. It is also the shortest part of "Another Brick in the Wall", and cross-fades into "Goodbye Cruel World".

Plot

Pink decides to finish this wall as a result of his rage after his wife's betrayal. He states that he has seen "the writing on the wall". He concludes that he no longer needs anything at all, dismissing the people in his life as just "bricks in the wall".

Film version

In the film, the song is accompanied by a montage of events that contributed to the construction of the wall. This version was also completely re-recorded with a faster tempo.

Award[edit]

The song, part number unspecified, won Waters the 1983 British Academy Award for 'Best Original Song' from the movie of The Wall.[39]

Personnel[edit]

Part I

Part II

with:

Part III

Cover versions[edit]

"Another Brick in the Wall, Pts. 1–3"
Single by Korn
from the album Greatest Hits, Vol. 1
Released 2004
Recorded 2004
Genre Nu metal, progressive metal
Length 7:08
Label Epic
Producer(s) Jonathan Davis, Korn, and Frank Filipetti
Korn singles chronology
"Word Up!"
(2004)
"Another Brick in the Wall, Pts. 1–3"
(2004)
"Twisted Transistor"
(2005)
  • In the wake of The Wall's release, a teacher in Chicago cut his own record as a rebuttal to Pink Floyd, changing the lyrics to "We all need an education."[41]
  • Short-term alternative rock supergroup Class of '99 did a cover of Another Brick in the Wall (Part 1 and 2) for the soundtrack to Robert Rodriguez's 1998 science-fiction horror film, The Faculty. A music video to the song was released featuring clips from the film and an appearance by the cast which includes Elijah Wood, Jordana Brewster, Clea DuVall, who stayed in the character of Stokes by not lip-synching with her co-stars, and Shawn Hatosy.
  • In 1999, Tournesol turned Parts I and II into an acoustic thump.[42]
  • In 2001, Luther Wright and the Wrongs released Rebuild the Wall, a country and western version of The Wall, including cover versions of "Another Brick in the Wall".[42]
  • In 2005, DJ Snatch produced an electric version of "Part II".[42]
  • In 2008, Out of Phase covered Parts I, II, and III as part of his The Wall tribute.[42]

"Las Mañanitas" version[edit]

During Roger Waters's The Wall Live concerts in Mexico City during December 2010, some fans suggested Waters play "Another Brick on the Wall Part II", changing the lyrics of the song to the verses of the traditional Mexican birthday song "Las Mañanitas". He performed it as an "experiment" in front of his fans during the concerts of 19 and 21 December at the end of The Wall performance and using acoustic instruments to the delight of the Mexican public.

For this version Waters used the first part of "Las Mañanitas" song for the normal verse of "Another Brick on the Wall", but he left the original chorus and, as the Another Brick on the Wall song, he performed it twice.[clarification needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Wall' a perfect mix of rock, film". The State News. Retrieved 11 May 2011. 
  2. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Hot Dance/Disco: 1974–2003. Record Research. p. 203. 
  3. ^ Rolling Stone: The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time[dead link]
  4. ^ Rock and Pop Music. "Pink Floyd: 10 things you didn't know about the band, Telegraph, February 28th, 2012". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  5. ^ "Counting out time Pink Floyd the wall – song was banned in South Africa in 1980". Dprp.net. 30 November 1979. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2011. 
  6. ^ (UPI) "South Africa Bans Floyd's 'The Wall'" The New York Times 15 July 1980: C6
  7. ^ a b Simmons, Sylvie, ed. (October 2009). ""Good Bye Blue Sky", (Pink Floyd: 30th Anniversary, The Wall Revisited.)". Guitar World (Future) 30 (10): 79–80. 
  8. ^ BBC News: Just another brick in the wall?, 2 Oct 2007
  9. ^ "Payout after Pink Floyd leaves them kids alone". TimesOnline. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  10. ^ 'The Brick In The Wall Kids', BBC One, 3 October 2007
  11. ^ "Echoes: the album credits". Pink Floyd. Archived from the original on 2 June 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  12. ^ "Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II) – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  13. ^ "Ultratop.be – Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  14. ^ "RPM Volume 32, No. 26". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. 22 March 1980. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  15. ^ "Toutes les Chansons N° 1 des Années 80" (in French). Infodisc.fr. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  16. ^ "Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  17. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search charts". IRMA. 2008. To use, type "Another Brick in the Wall" in the "Search by Song Title" search var and click search. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Mark Blake (2008). Da Capo Press Inc., ed. Comfortably Numb: The Inside Story of Pink Floyd. ISBN 978-0-306-81752-6. 
  19. ^ "The best-selling singles of 1980 in Italy". HitParadeItalia (it). Retrieved 2 June 2013. 
    12. Another brick in the wall (part II) - Pink Floyd [#2]
  20. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 3, 1980" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  21. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  22. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  23. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)". VG-lista. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  24. ^ John Samson. "Another brick in the wall (part II) in South African Chart". Retrieved 1 June 2013. 
  25. ^ Davidalic (12 February 2010). "Listas de superventas: 1980". AFE. Listas De Superventas. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  26. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)". Singles Top 60. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  27. ^ "Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II) – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  28. ^ "Archive Chart" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  29. ^ "Pink Floyd Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Pink Floyd. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  30. ^ "Lescharts.com – Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  31. ^ "French single certifications – Pink Floyd – Another Brick In The Wall" (in French). InfoDisc.  Select PINK FLOYD and click OK
  32. ^ "Les Singles en Or :" (in French). Infodisc.fr. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  33. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Pink Floyd; 'Another Brick in the Wall')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  34. ^ "Italian single certifications – Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (part 2)" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry.  Select Online in the field Scegli la sezione. Select Week -- and Year ----. Enter Pink Floyd in the field Artista. Click Avvia la ricerca
  35. ^ "Sólo Éxitos 1959–2002 Año A Año: Certificados 1979–1990" (in Spanish). Iberautor Promociones Culturales. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. 
  36. ^ "British single certifications – Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall Pt.2". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Another Brick in the Wall Pt.2 in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Click Go
  37. ^ Ami Sedghi (4 November 2012). "UK's million-selling singles: the full list". Guardian. Retrieved 4 November 2012. 
  38. ^ "American certifications – Pink Floyd – Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  39. ^ "Past Winners and Nominees – Film – Awards". BAFTA. Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2010. 
  40. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Fitch, Vernon (2005). 'The Pink Floyd Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). pp. 73, 76, 88. ISBN 1-894959-24-8. 
  41. ^ Song that's driving teachers up the wall 9 (9), Libertarian Review, September 1980, pp. 42–43 
  42. ^ a b c d "Full Albums: Pink Floyd's The Wall, Pt. 1 » Cover Me". Covermesongs.com. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Fitch, Vernon and Mahon, Richard, Comfortably Numb – A History of The Wall 1978–1981, 2006

External links[edit]

Preceded by
"Walking on the Moon" by The Police
UK number one single (Pink Floyd version)
15 December 1979 – 12 January 1980
Succeeded by
"Brass in Pocket" by The Pretenders
Preceded by
"Crazy Little Thing Called Love" by Queen
Billboard Hot 100 number one single (Pink Floyd version)
22 March 1980 – 12 April 1980
Succeeded by
"Call Me" by Blondie