|Directed by||Mike Cahill|
|Produced by||Hunter Gray
|Written by||Mike Cahill
|Music by||Fall On Your Sword|
|Edited by||Mike Cahill|
Artists Public Domain
|Distributed by||Fox Searchlight Pictures|
|Running time||92 minutes|
Another Earth is a 2011 American independent science fiction-drama film directed by Mike Cahill in his feature film debut. The film stars William Mapother and Brit Marling. It premiered at the 27th Sundance Film Festival in January 2011 and was distributed by Fox Searchlight Pictures.
Rhoda Williams (Brit Marling), a brilliant 17-year-old girl who has spent her young life fascinated by astronomy, is delighted to learn that she has been accepted into MIT. In a reckless celebratory moment, she drinks with friends and drives home intoxicated. Listening to a story on the radio about a recently discovered Earth-like planet, she gazes out her car window at the stars and inadvertently hits a stopped car at an intersection, putting John Burroughs (William Mapother) in a coma and killing his wife and son. Rhoda is a minor, so her identity is not revealed to John. After serving her prison sentence, and after four years of isolation, Rhoda continues to shield herself from the world outside, becoming a janitor at a local school, wanting to work "physically," almost as a means to struggle past the potential she has squandered with the decision of a single night.
After cleaning her former high school for a while and hearing more news stories about the mirror Earth, Rhoda visits John's house after he has recovered, thinking she will apologize for the harm she did to him. He answers the door and she loses her nerve. Instead, she pretends to be a maid offering a free day of cleaning as a marketing tool for Maid in Haven (a New Haven based maid service). John, who has dropped out of his Yale music faculty position and is now living in a depressed and dirty stupor, agrees to Rhoda's offer. When she finishes, John, who still does not know she is the person who killed his wife and son, asks her to come back next week. Rhoda tells him someone will come, but it may not be her.
Rhoda returns to clean and develops a caring relationship with John that eventually becomes more significant and romantic. They like each other and are intelligent and compatible conversationally. Rhoda genuinely wants to be of service to him.
Rhoda enters an essay contest sponsored by a millionaire entrepreneur who is offering a civilian space flight to the mirror Earth. Rhoda's essay is selected, and she is chosen to be one of the first explorers to travel to the other Earth. Rhoda tells John she has won the space flight, but he asks her not to go. He tells her that they might have something together. Faced with this, she finally decides to confront him with the truth and tells him that she was the one who killed his wife and son. He struggles to accept this information and becomes upset. He forcibly removes her from his house.
Rhoda hears a scientist postulating in a telecast that the citizens of the mirror Earth might be identical to those on her Earth in every way until the moment they learned of the others' existence. From that point on, the identical people on the different Earths probably began to deviate in small ways, changing their actions. Hearing this, Rhoda realizes that her identical self on the other Earth may not have caused the accident.
Excited, Rhoda rushes back to John's house, but he is still in shock and will not listen. She breaks into the house, and unable to talk to John properly, leaves him the ticket to the other Earth, telling him enough information to give him a small hope that his wife and son might be alive on that planet. John accepts the gift and becomes one of the first civilian space travelers to the other Earth.
Four months later, Rhoda looks up at the sky where Earth 2 is now hidden in fog. She approaches her back door and sees her other self from Earth 2 standing in front of her.
- Brit Marling as Rhoda Williams
- William Mapother as John Burroughs
- Jordan Baker as Kim Williams
- Robin Lord Taylor as Jeff Williams
- Flint Beverage as Robert Williams
- Kumar Pallana as Purdeep
- Richard Berendzen as himself (narrator)
The idea behind Another Earth first developed out of director Mike Cahill and actress Brit Marling speculating as to what it would be like were one to encounter one's own self. In order to explore the possibility on a large scale, they devised the concept of a duplicate Earth. The visual representation of the duplicate planet was deliberately made to evoke the Moon, as Cahill was deeply inspired by the 1969 Apollo 11 lunar landing. This movie shares some of its plot details with the 1969 British sci-fi movie Doppelganger.
The concept of a person responsible for another individual's death later meeting a close relative of the deceased without revealing his or her identity and then falling in love with that person was also explored in Graham Greene's novel The Tenth Man.
Another Earth was filmed in and around New Haven, Connecticut, Mike Cahill's hometown – with some scenes taking place along the West Haven shoreline and at West Haven High School – so that he could avail himself of the services of local friends and family and thus reduce expenses. His childhood home was used as Rhoda's home and his bedroom as Rhoda's room. The scene of the car collision was made possible through the help of a local police officer with whom Cahill was acquainted, who cordoned off part of a highway late one night. The scene in which Rhoda leaves the prison facility was filmed by having Marling walk into an actual prison posing as a yoga instructor and then exiting.
According to Brit Marling, she approached William Mapother for the role of John after "being haunted" by his performance in In the Bedroom (2001). Mapother consented to work on Another Earth for $100 a day. When asked why he agreed to join the cast, considering the "notoriously hit or miss" nature of independent films, Mapother replied that he was drawn by the film's subject and by the names involved in the project. At Mapother's insistence, he and the production team worked extensively on the scenes of John and Rhoda in order to develop John's character in the film.
The musical score was composed by Fall on Your Sword, with the exception of the song played in the musical saw scene, composed by Scott Munson and performed by Natalia Paruz. Mike Cahill came upon Paruz, known also as the "Saw Lady", while riding the subway in New York. Mesmerized by her playing, he obtained her contact information and arranged for her to coach William Mapother on how to hold and act as if playing the saw for the scene in the film. In the music score there is an instrument for each character. Rhoda is the cello and John is the piano. In the love scene both instruments are heard, however not fully in synch, since they are not really a full match in real life.
The film ignores the physical consequences of having a similar-sized planet and moon appear nearby (i.e. effect on tides, gravity and atmosphere) other than depicting night time as brighter due to the reflection of the Sun's light off the other planet. The DVD / Blu-ray deleted scenes feature reveals that the film makers did intend to illustrate some of the consequences by filming a scene in which Rhoda encounters flowers floating in mid-air, but the scene was cut from the final film.
Another Earth had its world premiere at the 27th Sundance Film Festival in January 2011. It was released in dramatic competition. Variety reported: "[It] has been deemed one of the more highly praised pics of the fest as it received a standing ovation after the screening and strong word of mouth from buyers and festgoers." The distributor Fox Searchlight Pictures won distribution rights to the film in a deal worth $1.5 million to $2 million, beating out other distributors including Focus Features and the Weinstein Company.
Fox Searchlight is the distributor of Another Earth in the United States, Canada, and other English-speaking territories. The film had a limited release in the United States and Canada on July 22, 2011, expanding to a wide release in ensuing months.
Another Earth received 68% positive reviews according to movie review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. Film critic Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three and a half stars out of four.
In its first week in theaters, it grossed $112,266. Eventually, the film grossed $1,776,935 worldwide.
Another Earth won the Alfred P. Sloan Prize at the 2011 Sundance Film Festival, for "focusing on science or technology as a theme, or depicting a scientist, engineer or mathematician as a major character." It went on to earn the Audience Award in the category of Narrative Feature at the 2011 Maui Film Festival.
- Counter-Earth hypothesis—a presocratic hypothesis that posited a duplicate of Earth exists opposite of its orbit in order to balance the otherwise unstable geocentric orbit of the planets.
- Journey to the Far Side of the Sun—a 1969 science-fiction film with a similar premise.
- Melancholia—Another well-praised 2011 film depicting an encounter between Earth and a previously undiscovered planet.
- Solaris—"Another Earth is as thought-provoking, in a less profound way, as Tarkovsky's Solaris, another film about a sort of parallel Earth," according to Roger Ebert's review.
- The Quiet Earth—The scene in which Zac Hobson discovers a planet (similar to Saturn) rising out of the Ocean.
- Twin Earth thought experiment—Hilary Putnam's classic thought experiment arguing in favor of semantic externalism.
- Robinson, Tasha (22 July 2011). "Mike Cahill". Interview. Retrieved 13 April 2014. "It was under $100,000 for the whole thing."
- Dargis, Manohla (July 21, 2011). "Living in a Different World, Searching for a Second Chance". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2011. "... the filmmakers tapped the astrophysicist Dr. Richard Berendzen ... to provide the mellifluous voice-over that wends through the movie, provocatively speculating on life beyond our planetary horizons, while Rhoda walks alone in a world in which she has become a near alien."
- Taylor, Ella (July 21, 2011). "Another Chance At Life On 'Another Earth'". NPR. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved July 29, 2011. "Another Earth is cluttered with unnecessary debris, a philosophizing voice-over from real-life scientist Richard Berendzen and an elderly janitor (Kumar Pallana) who dispenses opaque wisdom every time he opens his mouth."
- Soistmann, Billy (July 25, 2011). "Interview: Mike Cahill discusses [intertwining] science fiction and drama in Another Earth". Cinedork.com. Retrieved July 31, 2011. "We started with the bigger concept. We started with the idea of what it would be like to meet yourself."
- Smith, Abbe (November 26, 2009). "Hamden filmmaker returns to his roots". Greenwich Time (New Haven). Retrieved August 8, 2011. "Scenes were shot at West Haven's high school and police department, a local home, a street in West Haven and dozens of other places in the New Haven area."
- Welch, Jack (July 12, 2011). "William Mapother". Louisville Magazine. Retrieved July 28, 2011. "The indie movie, by first-time feature director Mike Cahill, was made on a shoestring budget, and Mapother says he agreed to shoot his scenes for $100 a day."
- "Exclusive: ANOTHER EARTH’s William Mapother Interview". Daemon's Movies. Daemons Media. 2011. "I’m like a lot of actors. I like to work. This business is so hard that if you were only in it for money or fame you’d have to be a damn fool. So like a lot of actors I’m attracted by material and the other participants."
- "Simotas Presents Citation Of Honor To Musical Saw Festival". The Queens Gazette. July 27, 2011. "The poster from Sundance Film Festival award winning film, Another Earth, featuring saw music performed by festival organizer Natalia 'Saw Lady' Paruz and written by Scott Munson."
- Pais, Matt (July 25, 2011). "Q&A: Chicago native 'Another Earth' star/co-writer Brit Marling". RedEye. Retrieved August 3, 2011. "Mike was going through the subway in New York and this woman was playing and she trained William on how to hold the saw and how to draw those notes from it."
- Bund, Daniel. "64. INTERNATIONALES FILM FESTIVAL LOCARNO – MIKE CAHILLS ANOTHER EARTH – EIN SCIENCE-FICTION-FILM?". "Den beiden Hauptcharakteren werden unterschiedliche Instrumente zugeordnet (Johns Thema wird von einem Cello gespielt, Rhodas von einem Piano), während der ersten intimen Begegnung spielen beide Instrumente gemeinsam."
- Stewart, Andrew; Lodderhose, Diana (January 26, 2011). "First on Variety: Searchlight nabs 'Earth'". Variety.
- Stewart, Andrew (March 10, 2011). "Weinstein Co. dates trio of pics". Variety.
- "Another Earth Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- Ebert, Roger (July 27, 2011). "ANOTHER EARTH (PG-13)". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved December 10, 2011. Seems Tarkovsky's 1972 film of "Solaris" may be about taking man from the earth, but not earth from the man.
- "Another Earth (2011)". Box Office Mojo. July 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2011. "Domestic Total as of July 28, 2011: $112,266"
- Stewart, Andrew (January 28, 2011). "'Earth' awalololrded Sundance's Sloan prize". Variety.
- "Audience Awards 2011". Maui Film Festival. June 2011. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- Brooks, Brian (June 22, 2011). "'Another Earth' Takes Audience Nod at Maui Film Festival". IndieWire. Retrieved June 27, 2011. "Mike Cahill’s 'Another Earth' won the Audience Award for narrative feature, while Oren Kaplan’s 'Hamill' took the nod for 'independent feature,' while 'Building Hope' won the doc category along with 'Connected' and 'Love Shines.' 18,000 people attended the event in Wailea, June 15–19."