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|Anping District • 安平區|
Anping within Tainan City
|Country||Republic of China|
|Special municipality||Tainan City|
|• District chief||Lin Guo-ming (林國明)|
|• Land||11.07 km2 (4.27 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2014)|
Anping District (Chinese: 安平區; pinyin: ĀnpíngQū; Wade–Giles: An-p'ing Ch'ü; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: An-pêng-khu) is a district of Tainan City. In March 2012, it was named one of the Top 10 Small Tourist Towns by the Tourism Bureau of Taiwan.
The older placename of Tayouan, also seen as Tayuan, Tayoan, Tayowan, and transliterated into Chinese characters as 大灣/臺員/大員/臺圓/大圓/臺窩灣, originates from the word meaning "foreigner" in the Siraya language.
The history of Anping dates back to the 17th century, when the Dutch East India Company occupied a "high sandy down" called Tayouan and built Fort Zeelandia. The Dutch moved their headquarters to Tayouan after the left the Pescadores in 1624. Due to silting, the islet has joined with mainland Taiwan.
In the period of the Japanese occupation, the history of trade between China and Japan unfolded at Anping.
- Fort Zeelandia: When the Dutch occupied Tayoan, they built the first castle in Taiwan called Fort Zeelandia. At that time, it was the centre of politics and trade in Taiwan. Over the years, Fort Zeelandia had several name changes and is currently known as Anping Castle.
- Eternal Golden Castle or Uhrkuenni Battery was built in 1874 by Shen Baozhen, a Qing Dynasty official. At that time it was used to fend off the Japanese and defend Anping from attack by sea. In 1895, when Japan took over Taiwan, the locals resisted the Japanese's warship from this fortress. During the Russo-Japanese War, the Japanese government sold some of Eternal Golden Castle's guns in order to pay for the war. Afterwards, the fortress lost its military value.
- Anping Oyster Shell Cement Kiln Museum
- Canal Museum
- Haishan Hostel
- Miaoshou Temple
- Yanping Street Old Well
- "首長介紹 (District Chief Introduction)" (in Chinese). Anping District Office.
- Wong, Hiufu "Taiwan names its 10 top small tourist towns" CNN Go. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-31
- also Taoan, Taiwan
- Campbell 1903, p. 52
- Campbell 1903, p. 548
- Campbell 1903, p. 549: "The silting up of the land there has joined on to the mainland of Formosa a number of islets and sandbanks which were well known to the early navigators; one notable case being that of the small island of Tayouan, which is now quite a part of Formosa itself."
- Campbell, William (1903). Formosa under the Dutch: described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island. London: Kegan Paul. LCCN 04007338.
- Anping District Office, Tainan City (English)
- Download Anping District Android APP, Tainan City
- Download Anping District ios APP, Tainan City
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