Location of Anqing City jurisdiction in Anhui
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Yingjiang District
|• CPC Secretary||Zhu Duwen (朱读稳)|
|• Mayor||Xiao Chaoying (肖超英)|
|• Prefecture-level city||15,398 km2 (5,945 sq mi)|
|• Urban||821 km2 (317 sq mi)|
|• Metro||821 km2 (317 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,311,379|
|• Density||340/km2 (890/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|License Plate Prefix||皖H|
Anqing (simplified Chinese: 安庆; traditional Chinese: 安慶; pinyin: Ānqìng; literally: "Peaceful Celebration", also Anking, formerly Hwaining) is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Anhui province, People's Republic of China. It borders Lu'an to the north, Hefei and Wuhu to the northeast, Tongling to the east, Chizhou to the southeast, and the provinces of Jiangxi and Hubei to the south and west respectively. Its population was 5,311,579 at the 2010 census whom 780,514 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 3 urban districts, Yixiu, Yingjiang and Dongzhi. Northern Dongzhi County of Chizhou Municipality is being conurbated.
The city was founded during the Han Dynasty in the second century BC. In the Middle Ages it received the name of Anqing. From 1853 to 1861 it was held by the rebels of the Taiping rebellion. It had nearly impregnable fortifications. Zeng Guofan began his conquest of the Taiping by besieging the position with double walls. He made it his headquarters after its fall. Several years later Anqing became a centre of the weapons industry. Chen Duxiu, co-founder of the Communist Party of China, was born here.
The prefecture-level city of Anqing administers 11 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city and 7 counties. The people of Anqing have a unique dialect that is quite different from the rest of the province.
|English Name||Chinese Name (Simplified / Traditional)||Pinyin||Population||Post Code|
|Yingjiang District||迎江区 / 迎江區||Yíngjiāng Qū||251,000||246000|
|Daguan District||大观区 / 大觀區||Dàguān Qū||275,000||246000|
|Yixiu District||宜秀区 / 宜秀區||Yíxiù Qū||254,000||246000|
|Huaining County||怀宁县 / 懷寧縣||Huáiníng Xiàn||593,000||246100|
|Zongyang County||枞阳县 / 樅陽縣||Zōngyáng Xiàn||839,000||246700|
|Taihu County||太湖县 / 太湖縣||Tàihú Xiàn||515,000||246400|
|Qianshan County||潜山县 / 潛山縣||Qiánshān Xiàn||500,000||246300|
|Susong County||宿松县 / 宿松縣||Sùsōng Xiàn||571,000||246500|
|Wangjiang County||望江县 / 望江縣||Wàngjiāng Xiàn||527,000||246200|
|Yuexi County||岳西县 / 岳西縣||Yuèxī Xiàn||322,000||246600|
Anqing is located in the southwestern part of Anhui province, and on the northern shore of the lower Yangtze. To the north are the Dabie Mountains. Neighbouring prefectures are:
The total area of the prefecture is 16,300 square kilometres (6,290 sq mi), with an urban area of 550 square kilometres (212 sq mi), which is only 3.4% of the total.
Anqing has a four-season, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with chilly, damp winters and very hot, humid summers. Cold northwesterly winds from Siberia can occasionally cause nightly temperatures to drop below freezing (although snow is uncommon), while summer can see extended periods of 35 °C (95 °F)+ days. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 4.0 °C (39.2 °F) in January to 28.7 °C (83.7 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 16.76 °C (62.2 °F). Precipitation tends to reach a maximum in tandem with the meiyu (plum rains) while wintertime rainfall is generally light. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 30% in March to 54% in August, the city receives 1,831 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Anqing (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||7.4
|Average low °C (°F)||1.3
|Precipitation mm (inches)||48.2
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||9.8||10.8||15.2||14.2||13.6||13.5||11.3||10.3||8.7||9.0||7.4||6.5||130.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||104.6||102.4||109.9||140.6||166.0||159.2||215.6||221.2||169.7||159.6||144.4||137.4||1,830.6|
|Percent possible sunshine||33||33||30||36||39||38||50||54||46||45||45||44||41.1|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Anqing is important for the manufacture of petrochemicals, textiles, automobile fittings, food, and tea.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Anqing is twinned with:
- (Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China
- Government website of Anqing (Chinese)
- Investment information website of Anqing (Chinese)
- [Government affair website of Anqing ] (Chinese)
- City planning website of Anqing (Chinese)
- City Sightseeing information website of Anqing (Chinese)