Anqing

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Anqing
安庆市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Anqing City jurisdiction in Anhui
Location of Anqing City jurisdiction in Anhui
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 11
Municipal seat Yingjiang District
(30°30′N 117°2′E / 30.500°N 117.033°E / 30.500; 117.033)
Government
 • CPC Secretary Zhu Duwen (朱读稳)
 • Mayor Xiao Chaoying (肖超英)
Area
 • Total 15,398 km2 (5,945 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 5,311,000
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0556
License Plate Prefix H

Anqing (simplified Chinese: 安庆; traditional Chinese: 安慶; pinyin: Ānqìng; literally: "Peaceful Celebration", also Anking, formerly Hwaining) is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Anhui province, People's Republic of China. It borders Lu'an to the north, Hefei and Wuhu to the northeast, Tongling to the east, Chizhou to the southeast, and the provinces of Jiangxi and Hubei to the south and west respectively.

History[edit]

The city was founded during the Han Dynasty in the second century BC. In the Middle Ages it received the name of Anqing. From 1853 to 1861 it was held by the rebels of the Taiping rebellion. It had nearly impregnable fortifications. Zeng Guofan began his conquest of the Taiping by besieging the position with double walls. He made it his headquarters after its fall. Several years later Anqing became a centre of the weapons industry. Chen Duxiu, co-founder of the Communist Party of China, was born here.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Anqing administers 11 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city and 7 counties. The people of Anqing have a unique dialect that is quite different from the rest of the province.

English Name Chinese Name (Simplified / Traditional) Pinyin Population Post Code
Yingjiang District 迎江区 / 迎江區 Yíngjiāng Qū 251,000 246000
Daguan District 大观区 / 大觀區 Dàguān Qū 275,000 246000
Yixiu District 宜秀区 / 宜秀區 Yíxiù Qū 254,000 246000
Tongcheng City
桐城市
Tóngchéng Shì 664,000 231400
Huaining County 怀宁县 / 懷寧縣 Huáiníng Xiàn 593,000 246100
Zongyang County 枞阳县 / 樅陽縣 Zōngyáng Xiàn 839,000 246700
Taihu County 太湖县 / 太湖縣 Tàihú Xiàn 515,000 246400
Qianshan County 潜山县 / 潛山縣 Qiánshān Xiàn 500,000 246300
Susong County 宿松县 / 宿松縣 Sùsōng Xiàn 571,000 246500
Wangjiang County 望江县 / 望江縣 Wàngjiāng Xiàn 527,000 246200
Yuexi County 岳西县 / 岳西縣 Yuèxī Xiàn 322,000 246600

Geography[edit]

Anqing is located in the southwestern part of Anhui province, and on the northern shore of the lower Yangtze. To the north are the Dabie Mountains. Neighbouring prefectures are:

The total area of the prefecture is 16,300 square kilometres (6,290 sq mi), with an urban area of 550 square kilometres (212 sq mi), which is only 3.4% of the total.

Climate[edit]

Anqing has a four-season, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with chilly, damp winters and very hot, humid summers. Cold northwesterly winds from Siberia can occasionally cause nightly temperatures to drop below freezing (although snow is uncommon), while summer can see extended periods of 35 °C (95 °F)+ days. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 4.0 °C (39.2 °F) in January to 28.7 °C (83.7 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 16.76 °C (62.2 °F). Precipitation tends to reach a maximum in tandem with the meiyu (plum rains) while wintertime rainfall is generally light. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 30% in March to 54% in August, the city receives 1,831 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Anqing (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
9.3
(48.7)
13.7
(56.7)
20.7
(69.3)
25.8
(78.4)
29.0
(84.2)
32.5
(90.5)
32.2
(90)
27.5
(81.5)
22.3
(72.1)
16.2
(61.2)
10.4
(50.7)
20.6
(69.1)
Average low °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
3.0
(37.4)
7.0
(44.6)
13.1
(55.6)
18.4
(65.1)
22.3
(72.1)
25.7
(78.3)
25.3
(77.5)
20.7
(69.3)
15.1
(59.2)
8.7
(47.7)
3.3
(37.9)
13.7
(56.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 48.2
(1.898)
71.4
(2.811)
133.4
(5.252)
164.3
(6.469)
191.5
(7.539)
280.3
(11.035)
195.9
(7.713)
129.9
(5.114)
88.3
(3.476)
81.8
(3.22)
57.1
(2.248)
32.8
(1.291)
1,474.9
(58.066)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.8 10.8 15.2 14.2 13.6 13.5 11.3 10.3 8.7 9.0 7.4 6.5 130.3
 % humidity 75 74 77 77 76 80 78 78 77 75 73 71 75.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 104.6 102.4 109.9 140.6 166.0 159.2 215.6 221.2 169.7 159.6 144.4 137.4 1,830.6
Percent possible sunshine 33 33 30 36 39 38 50 54 46 45 45 44 41.1
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Transport[edit]

Economy[edit]

Anqing is important for the manufacture of petrochemicals, textiles, automobile fittings, food, and tea.

Tourism[edit]

The Zhenfeng Pagoda, built in 1570 during the Ming Dynasty, is located in Anqing on the banks of the Yangtze River.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Anqing is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]