Anredera

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Madeira Vines
Starr 011025-0013 Anredera cordifolia.jpg
Anredera cordifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Basellaceae
Genus: Anredera
Juss.
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Boussingaultia Kunth
  • Tandonia Moq.
  • Clarisia Abat.
  • Beriesa Steud.

Anredera is a genus of plants native to Latin America, the West Indies, Texas, and Florida. Some are naturalized in other regions (notably Mediterranean region and on various oceanic islands).[2] Most of them evergreen vines of dry scrubland and thickets. Members of the genus are commonly known as Madeira Vines.[3] At least one species, A. cordifolia bears edible roots or tubers and leaves similar to those of Basella alba.

Selected species[edit]

Accepted species:[2][3][4]

  1. Anredera aspera Sperling - Bolivia
  2. Anredera baselloides (Kunth) Baill. – Gulf Madeira Vine - Ecuador, Peru; naturalized in Bermuda, Dominican Republic
  3. Anredera brachystachys (Moq.) Sperling - Colombia, Ecuador
  4. Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis – Heart-leaf Madeira Vine - South America from Venezuela to Argentina; naturalized in Mexico, Central America, California, Texas, Louisiana, Florida, Puerto Rico, Bermuda, southern Europe, Morocco, Canary Islands, Azores, southern China, India, New Zealand, Polynesia, St. Helena, Cape Verde, Madeira
  5. Anredera densiflora Sperling - Ecuador, Peru
  6. Anredera diffusa (Moq.) Sperling - Peru
  7. Anredera floribunda (Moq.) Sperling - Colombia
  8. Anredera krapovickasii (Villa) Sperling - Bolivia, Argentina
  9. Anredera marginata (Kunth) Sperling - Ecuador, Peru, Brazil
  10. Anredera ramosa (Moq.) Eliasson - central + southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Galápagos
  11. Anredera tucumanensis (Lillo & Hauman) Sperling - Ecuador, Bolivia, southern Brazil, Tucumán Province of Argentina
  12. Anredera vesicaria (Lam.) Gaertn f. – Texas Madeira Vine - Mexico, Central America, West Indies, Venezuela, Florida, Texas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Anredera Juss.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1996-09-17. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b "Anredera". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  4. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Anredera". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 

External links[edit]