Anschutz Medical Campus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A view of the Anschutz Medical Campus. The University of Colorado Hospital can be seen near the top left corner.

The University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus is the campus containing the University of Colorado's health sciences-related schools and colleges, such as the University of Colorado School of Medicine, the CU School of Pharmacy, the CU College of Nursing, the University of Colorado School of Dentistry, and the Colorado School of Public Health, as well as the graduate school for various fields in the biological and biomedical sciences.[1]

The Anschutz Medical Campus is sometimes referred to by its initials, "AMC".

The campus is located on a portion of the former Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. After the base was decommissioned in 1999, the campus became known as the Fitzsimons Medical Campus, or simply "Fitzsimons." The name of the portion of Fitzsimons that houses the university facilities was changed to its current name in 2006 after the Anschutz family donated $91 million[2] to construct the Anschutz Centers for Advanced Medicine, which include the Anschutz Outpatient and Cancer Pavilions, and the Anschutz Inpatient Pavilion, all located on the campus. The remainder of the former base is now called the Fitzsimons Life Science District and includes a 184-acre (0.74 km2) Colorado Science+Technology Park, the Children's Hospital, the future Veterans Affairs hospital, and a residential/retail town center known as 21 Fitzsimons.[3]

History[edit]

University of Colorado Health Sciences Center[edit]

Old Main in Boulder, where the School of Medicine first started.

The University of Colorado created the Department of Medicine and Surgery in September 1883 in the Old Main building on the Boulder campus.[4] This department granted its first degrees in 1885.[5]

By 1892, the last two years of classes were taught in Denver because the larger population afforded more practical experience. This practice triggered somewhat of a turf battle with the private medical school at the University of Denver, and the resulting legal battle went all the way to the Supreme Court of Colorado.[6] In 1897, the Supreme Court found that the charter of the University of Colorado restricted it to teaching in Boulder.

Then in 1910, University of Colorado persuaded the legislature to amend the state constitution, and this allowed the university to move its medical school back to Denver.[4] In 1911, the School of Medicine merged with the private "Denver and Gross Medical College" to form a larger school with a more comprehensive program, thus paving the way for the medical school to move permanently to Denver.[4][7]

In 1925, the U.C. School of Medicine moved to a campus on 9th Avenue and Colorado Boulevard in Denver.[4][8] This eventually became the modern University of Colorado Health Sciences Center (the Anschutz Medical Campus in the long run).

In 1947, the University of Colorado Hospital assumed responsibility for patients referred to it from the Denver General Hospital. The state paid for their care, and medical and nursing students got instruction.

In 1995, Fitzsimons Army Medical Center was put on the Base Realignment and Closure list by Congress. Officials from the Health Sciences Center, the University of Colorado Hospital, and the City of Aurora presented a proposal to the Department of Defense to utilize part of the decommissioned Army medical center as an academic health center[9] for the University of Colorado.

In 2004, the first medical school laboratories moved from Denver to the research towers on the Fitzsimons grounds.[10] Then in 2006, the Fitzsimons campus was renamed the "Anschutz Medical Campus" in recognition of the large donations of money from Philip Anschutz and his wife Nancy Anschutz.[11]

By the end of 2008, all of the academic and research operations of the University of Colorado at Denver health sciences schools and colleges had been relocated from their older campus in Denver to the new Anschutz Medical Campus, joining the University of Colorado Hospital and The Children's Hospital (Colorado).[4]

Merger with the University of Colorado Denver[edit]

The sign at the campus' main entrance on East Colfax Avenue.

In the summer of 2004, the University of Colorado Denver and the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center merged to create the University of Colorado Denver and Health Sciences Center (“UCDHSC”).[12] As a result, the University of Colorado encompasses three institutions, down from four.

On October 29, 2007, the board of regents voted to rename UCDHSC as the "University of Colorado Denver." The branding covered both the Anschutz Medical Campus and the Denver Campus.[13] This has reportedly been a source of frustration for the City of Aurora, whose representatives feel slighted that the location of one of the university's two campuses is not reflected in the university's name. Officials have since agreed to add "in Aurora" to "The University of Colorado Denver Anschutz Medical Campus", referring only to one half of the university, but this remains an unsatisfactory solution.[14] One state senator has proposed the moniker "University of Colorado Denver/Aurora".[15] In January 2010, it was reported that the University of Colorado will remove the word "Denver" from the Anschutz Medical Campus, referring to it only as University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.[16]

Anschutz Medical Campus[edit]

The University of Colorado Hospital, a teaching hospital affiliated with the University of Colorado, opened its new $644 million, 820,000-square-foot (76,000 m2) facility at the Anschutz Medical Campus in 2007. The Children's Hospital, with 1,400,000 square feet (130,000 m2), opened in 2007 to the south of the campus. U.S. Department of Veteran’s Affairs Hospital broke ground in August 2009 but the projected opening date in 2013 was missed.[17] In 2014, the half-finished hospital was hundreds of millions of dollars over budget and the Veterans Administration (VA) was found to have breached its contract with the construction company. The U.S. Civilian Board of Contract Appeals declared the project had grown outside the scope of the Congress-approved budget due to the unrealistic expectations of the VA.[18]

Academic Profile[edit]

The Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Institute on the Anschutz Medical Campus houses the Department of Ophthalmology.

On the Anschutz Medical Campus, the University of Colorado houses the School of Dental Medicine, the School of Medicine, the College of Nursing, the School of Pharmacy, Colorado School of Public Health, and the Graduate School.[19] The School of Medicine is the only medical school in Colorado.[19] The graduate school at the Anschutz Medical Campus offers 26 MS and PhD degrees focusing on basic, clinical and translational research in the biomedical sciences,[20][21] and its programs feature highly in various national rankings (see Rankings).

School of Pharmacy[edit]

The University of Colorado's School of Pharmacy (SOP) began in 1911 as a division of the School of Medicine in Boulder.[22] It became an independent college in 1913 and a school in 1957.[22] It received its accreditation in 1938-1939 and awarded a B.S. in Pharmacy degree in 1995-1996 when it received a full accreditation status awarding the Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree by the ACPE.[23] In 1986, the School of Pharmacy was administratively transferred to the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver. The physical transfer from Boulder and final consolidation of faculty, staff and students was completed between August and November 1992.[22] In 2008, the school moved to the Anschutz Medical Campus, and is involved in teaching, research and public/professional service in areas unique to the practice of pharmacy, the pharmaceutical sciences, molecular toxicology, and pharmaceutical outcomes research.[24] 30% of its class is from out of state.[25] In 2008, the NIH awarded $7,271,657 and $19,056,438 in grants towards the SOP and Pharmacology department, respectively.[26] In the Spring of 2010, the school moved into its new building, the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences also on the Anschutz Medical Campus.

Research[edit]

In 2007, more than $373 million in research and training grants and contracts was awarded to CU Anschutz Medical Campus researchers.[27] In 2012, more than $179 million was awarded by the National Institutes of Health to CU Anschutz researchers.[28] The university is considered by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education to have "very high research activity" with a basic classification of Research Universities (RU/VH) (very high research activity).[29] The core laboratories in the research complex, at the Anschutz Medical Campus, include mass spectrometry, X-ray crystallography, electron microscopy, a 900 mega-hertz nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer, flow cytometry, DNA array and peptide protein chemistry.[30]

Rankings of On-Campus Programs[edit]

The Chronicle of Higher Education ranks the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus as having the top 10 Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index in the United States in the fields of biomedical sciences, developmental biology, human and medical genetics, oncology and cancer biology, structural biology and toxicology, the graduate programs of all of which are on the Anshcutz Medical Campus.[31] Academic programs on the campus feature in a number of rankings in U.S. News & World Report's America's Best Graduate Schools, 2009. The University of Colorado ranks 4th among American medical schools for primary care,[32] and 27th among medical schools for research.[33] The graduate school ranked 48th in the biological sciences in 2007.[34] The University of Colorado School of Nursing ranked 15th in the nation in 2007,[35] while among Nurse Practitioner programs, the university is ranked 8th, 5th, and 3rd in the areas of Adult, Family, and Pediatric, respectively.[36] The medical school is ranked 6th in the specialty of family medicine and the School of Pharmacy is ranked 23rd in the nation.[37]

Campus Profile[edit]

A view of the Anschutz Medical Campus from the 7th floor of the Anschutz Outpatient Pavillon, looking northeast.

The Anschutz Medical Campus hosts the Research Complex towers, The Barbara Davis Diabetes Center, The Nighthorse Campbell Native Health Building, centers of the University of Colorado Hospital, and the Health Sciences Library.[38] The Children's Hospital and the University of Colorado Hospital are to the south of the campus.[38] The campus hosts administrative and teaching functions, as well as clinical and research programs. There are approximately 530 medical students, 110 dental students, 880 graduate students, and six hundred and sixty full-time faculty in clinical and basic sciences at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.[9]

Enrollment[edit]

There are 2,954 students enrolled at University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. Of these, 430 are undergraduate students (10% male, 90% female), 1,026 are graduates (27% male, 73% female), and 1,498 are enrolled in first professional courses (41% male, 59% female). 17% of the student population at the Anschutz Medical Campus are an ethnic minority.[39]

Library[edit]

The library on the Anschutz Medical Campus is the largest health sciences library in Colorado, with more than 32,000 e-journals.[40] The library opened in late 2007 with 2 Information Commons, 30 group study rooms, and wireless internet connectivity throughout the library.[40] The facility includes collection storage with a reading room as well as indoor and outdoor private and team study spaces, administrative offices, reference services, classrooms, a conference center, a learning resource center, systems-database support, education and health informatics support, and storage of and access to a History of Medicine rare book collection.[41]

Architecture and Layout[edit]

Artwork on the Anschutz Medical Campus in 2008

The Anschutz Medical Campus is a 227-acre (0.9 km2) campus for the University and the University of Colorado Hospital.[27] All of the facilities on the campus, with the exception of the former Fitzsimons Hospital (referred to as 500 Main, or "Building 500"), are new construction.[41] A series of distinct quadrangular zones on the campus governs its architectural design: the research quadrangle, consisting of the three Research Complex towers, features a contemporary glass and metal design, Research Complex I and II were designed by Fentress Architects in association with Kling Stubbins; the education quadrangle is characterized by a brick aesthetic; and the core quadrangle is located on the central axis of the campus, and anchored by Building 500.[41] The 116,000-square-foot (10,800 m2) medical library is located along the center quadrangle of the campus, and was designed as a joint venture between Davis Partnership Architects of Denver and Centerbrook.[42]

The combined 578-acre (2.3 km2)[43] of the Anschutz Medical Campus and the Fitzsimons Life Science District is undergoing a $4.3 billion renovation and transformation into the largest medical-related redevelopment project in the United States.[44] The 184-acre (0.7 km2) Colorado Science + Technology Park in Aurora is being developed directly adjacent to the health sciences areas of campus,[45] providing opportunities to collaborate with biotechnology companies and their resources.[9] The remaining acres of the former military facility are dedicated to commercial, hospitality, retail, and residential development.[44]

Built as state-of-the-art, the Anschutz Medical Campus consists of three zones: an education zone with facilities for training in the medical and health-related fields, a research zone that houses the various graduate programs, and a clinical care zone with the University of Colorado Hospital and The Children's Hospital, the University of Colorado School of Medicine's primary adult and pediatric hospital partners, nearby.[27]

On-Campus and Neighboring Buildings[edit]

University of Colorado Hospital is an adult and pediatric partner hospital of the University of Colorado School of Medicine.[27] The hospital shares the Anschutz Medical Campus with the University of Colorado School of Medicine, as well as its schools of Nursing, Pharmacy and Dentistry. It is the only academic hospital in the Rocky Mountain region.[46] The hospital buildings on the campus include: The Anschutz Inpatient Pavilion, the main 400+ bed hospital; The Anschutz Outpatient Pavilion, which houses many of the hospital's clinics; The Anschutz Cancer Pavilion, which houses the clinical services of the University of Colorado Cancer Center; The Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Institute; and The Center for Dependency, Addiction and Rehabilitation (CeDAR).[47] The providers at the University of Colorado Hospital are also faculty members at the University of Colorado School of Medicine.

The Children's Hospital is affiliated with the CU School of Medicine and offers a wide range of pediatric medical training programs for the university.[48] It is the primary pediatric hospital partner of the CU School of Medicine. The hospital is built on the Fitzsimons Life Science District, south of the Anschutz Medical Campus.[3][38]

The uniquely designed[49] Nighthorse Campbell Native Health Building houses the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health. The mission of these centers is "to promote the health and well-being of American Indians and Alaska Natives, of all ages, by pursuing research, training, continuing education, technical assistance, and information dissemination within a biopsychosocial framework that recognizes the unique cultural contexts of this special population."[50] The 3-story building contains a variety of outpatient and long-distance medical consultation services,[51] and houses the Programs for Public Psychiatry, and the TeleHealth/TeleEducation Program Office and Resource Center.[52]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UC Denver programs at AMC". 
  2. ^ "Anschutz Medical Campus history". 
  3. ^ a b "The District". Fitzsimons Life Science District. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "From two students to more than 28,000 students". University of Colorado Denver. Retrieved 2010-01-24. 
  5. ^ UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO DENVER A 21ST CENTURY UNIVERSITY
  6. ^ Detailed History of CU Medical School
  7. ^ "Let your Light Shine". University of Colorado. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  8. ^ 45 Denver Medical Center
  9. ^ a b c Medical Scientist Training Program General Information
  10. ^ Alper, Joe (2004-04-22). "Colorado Bioscience Park adds expertise". Nature Publishing Group. Retrieved 2010-02-02. 
  11. ^ Glasscock, Kim (2006-11-30). "Gift creates 'Anschutz Medical Campus'". University of Colorado Silver & Gold record. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 
  12. ^ History of Consolidation Greater intellectual collaboration the goal
  13. ^ Messages from the Chancellor
  14. ^ Legislators: Aurora campus needs a name change now
  15. ^ Legislators push regents to rename Anschutz site
  16. ^ Johansson, Brandon; Goldstein, Adam (2010-01-31). "CU dropping "Denver" from name of its Aurora schools and facilities". Aurora Sentinel. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  17. ^ "World-class healthcare facilities to serve the Rocky Mountain West.". Metro Denver. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  18. ^ Deam, James (December 10, 2014) "Long-delayed Colorado VA hospital suffers another setback" Los Angeles Times
  19. ^ a b "Schools and Colleges Top-quality Academic Programs". University of Colorado Denver. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-02. 
  20. ^ "UC Denver Academic Programs". Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-11. [dead link]
  21. ^ "Participating Institutions:Colorado Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute". Clinical and Translational Science Awards. Retrieved 2010-02-14. 
  22. ^ a b c "School of Pharmacy UCHSC". UCHSC. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  23. ^ "Accreditation History University of Colorado Denver School of Pharmacy". Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education. Retrieved 2010-02-02. 
  24. ^ "Pharmacy programs". UCHSC School of Pharmacy. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  25. ^ "University of Colorado Denver School of Pharmacy". The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  26. ^ "Institution Detail for 2008". National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 2010-01-25. 
  27. ^ a b c d "Anschutz Medical Campus". University of Colorado Denver. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-24. 
  28. ^ "NIH Awards by Location & Organization". National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  29. ^ "University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center Carnegie Classifications". Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  30. ^ "Creating an Innovative Environment for Research on the Anschutz Medical Campus". The Children's Hospital. Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  31. ^ "Top Research Universities Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  32. ^ "Primary Care Rankings Best Medical Schools". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 2010-02-05. 
  33. ^ "Research Rankings Best Medical Schools". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 2010-02-05. 
  34. ^ "Rankings Biological Sciences 2007". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  35. ^ "Rankings Nursing 2007". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 2010-02-05. 
  36. ^ "Best Health Schools". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  37. ^ "Top Pharmacy Schools". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 2010-02-05. 
  38. ^ a b c Chandler, Mary Voelz (2007-11-17). "'City' Designed for Future of Health". Rocky Mountain News. Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  39. ^ "UC Denver Quick Facts". University of Colorado Denver. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  40. ^ a b "Libraries: Information Access Advantage". University of Colorado Denver. Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  41. ^ a b c "Project Profiles:University of Colorado Denver Anschutz Medical Campus". The American Institutes of Architects. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  42. ^ "Health Sciences Library, Anschutz Medical Campus". Centerbrook Architects and Planners. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  43. ^ The Fitzsimons Life Science District
  44. ^ a b Anschutz Medical Campus and Fitzsimons Life Science District
  45. ^ The Fitzsimons Life Science District
  46. ^ "The Region's Academic Medical Center". University of Colorado Hospital. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  47. ^ "About University of Colorado Hospital". University of Colorado Hospital. Archived from the original on 19 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  48. ^ "Medical Education and Training". The Children's Hospital. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  49. ^ "The Nighthorse Campbell Native Health Building: A Unique Design for a Unique Purpose". UCD Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  50. ^ "Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health". University of Colorado Denver. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  51. ^ "Nighthorse Campbell Native Health Building". Architectural Record. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  52. ^ "Nighthorse Campbell Native Health Building". UC Denver. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°44′42.37″N 104°50′15.8″W / 39.7451028°N 104.837722°W / 39.7451028; -104.837722