In the eastern part of the parish there is bowl barrow. The barrow may be older than the pagan Saxon burial from the 7th century AD that has been found in it. Grave goods excavated from the burial include a diadem, palm cups, enamelled ironwork and an incense burner.
The Church of England parish church of Saint James dates from before 1210. The south wall of the nave may be a survival from that original building, and the font too is Norman. The chancel may have been rebuilt and lengthened in the 14th century. A two-storeyed north porch was added in the 15th century. The windows of the church were replaced in the 16th century. The transepts are Gothic Revival additions. In 1842 the porch was demolished and the north transept and western bell-turret were added. In 1878 the south transept was added. Also in the 19th century the 16th century windows were replaced with ones in a 13th-century style and the arches to the chancel and transept were altered.
In 1210 or 1211 Walter de Turberville granted the manor of Ansty to the Knights Hospitaller of St. John of Jerusalem, who founded a preceptory in the parish. The order was not formally suppressed in the Dissolution of the Monasteries but Henry VIII confiscated its properties in England because the order opposed his divorce from Catherine of Aragon. Mary I after her accession in 1553 restored the order in England and returned all its property, including that of the preceptory of Ansty. Mary was succeeded in 1558 by Elizabeth I who suppressed the Order. The commandry was demolished in her reign but the guest house survived until it burned down in 1927. A surviving building in the village with several early 16th century windows may be the former preceptory's hospice.
Ansty has a polo club.
- Crowley, D.A. (ed.); Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H. (1987). A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 13: South-west Wiltshire: Chalke and Dunworth hundreds. Victoria County History. pp. 93–100.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (1975). Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (revised ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 93–94. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.
- Pugh, R.B.; Crittall, Elizabeth, eds. (1956). A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 3. Victoria County History. pp. 328–329.
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