António Mascarenhas Monteiro

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For other people named Antonio Monteiro, see Antonio Monteiro (disambiguation).
António Mascarenhas Monteiro
Voa african presidents 23sep05.jpg
2nd President of Cape Verde
In office
22 March 1991 – 22 March 2001
Prime Minister Pedro Pires
Carlos Veiga
Gualberto do Rosário
Preceded by Aristides Pereira
Succeeded by Pedro Pires
Personal details
Born António Manuel Mascarenhas Gomes Monteiro
(1944-02-16) 16 February 1944 (age 70)
Ribeira da Barca, Portuguese Overseas Province of Cabo Verde
Political party Movement for Democracy
Alma mater Catholic University of Leuven

António Manuel Mascarenhas Gomes Monteiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔniu mɐnuˈɛl mɐʃkɐˈɾeɲɐʒ ˈɡomɨʒ mõˈtejɾu]; born February 16, 1944 in Ribeira da Barca) was the President of Cape Verde from March 22, 1991 to March 22, 2001.

Education[edit]

Monteiro went to university in Belgium and graduated with his law degree from the Catholic University of Leuven.

Presidency of Cape Verde[edit]

Affiliated with the Movement for Democracy, he was the first president elected in a multi-party election in the country, defeating Aristides Pereira in the February 1991 presidential election.[1] He was re-elected without opposition in 1996, receiving 80% of the vote. After serving two five year terms, he stepped down in 2001; in the 2001 election, Movement for Democracy candidate Carlos Veiga, who had served as Prime Minister under Monteiro, was defeated by Pedro Pires of the African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV).

East Timor controversy[edit]

On 19 September 2006, it was announced that Monteiro would succeed Sukehiro Hasegawa as head of the United Nations mission in East Timor. [1] The appointment was criticised in East Timor, partly because Monteiro had a poor knowledge of English. [2] It was reported that Timorese president Xanana Gusmão was among those who expressed their concern about the appointment. [3]

On 25 September, Monteiro announced that he had changed his mind and would not be accepting the position. He told journalists that "I told the Deputy Secretary-General that I already knew that there were reservations about my name on the part of parties engaged in East Timor and that I was no longer interested in serving there." [4] He explained that "the functions of a representative of the UN Secretary-General in East Timor are very broad and must be exercised with the goodwill of all parties involved." [5] Therefore, "it is better to stand down now than to create problems later on, especially in view of the complexity of the situation in East Timor." [6]

Memberships and Awards[edit]

Monteiro is a Member of the Global Leadership Foundation, an organization which works to support democratic leadership, prevent and resolve conflict through mediation and promote good governance in the form of democratic institutions, open markets, human rights and the rule of law. It does so by making available, discreetly and in confidence, the experience of former leaders to today’s national leaders. It is a not-for-profit organization composed of former heads of government, senior governmental and international organization officials who work closely with Heads of Government on governance-related issues of concern to them.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, pages 113–114.
Preceded by
Aristides Pereira
President of Cape Verde
1991–2001
Succeeded by
Pedro Pires