António Granjo

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António Granjo
António Granjo.JPG
Minister for Justice
In office
30 March 1919 – 29 June 1919
Prime Minister Domingos Pereira
Preceded by Francisco Manuel Couceiro da Costa
Succeeded by Artur Alberto Lopes Cardoso
Minister for Interior
(but did not take office)
In office
15 January 1920 – 15 January 1920
Prime Minister Francisco José Fernandes Costa
Preceded by Alfredo de Sá Cardoso
Succeeded by Alfredo de Sá Cardoso (reconducted)
77th Prime Minister of Portugal
(23rd of the Republic)
In office
19 July 1920 – 20 November 1920
President António José de Almeida
Preceded by António Maria da Silva
Succeeded by Álvaro de Castro
Minister for Agriculture
In office
19 July 1920 – 20 November 1920
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by João Gonçalves
Succeeded by José Maria Álvares
Minister for Commerce
In office
23 May 1921 – 10 August 1921
Prime Minister Tomé de Barros Queirós
Preceded by António Joaquim Ferreira da Fonseca
Succeeded by Francisco José Fernandes Costa
82nd Prime Minister of Portugal
(28th of the Republic
In office
30 August 1921 – 19 October 1921
President António José de Almeida
Preceded by Tomé de Barros Queirós
Succeeded by Manuel Maria Coelho
Minister for Interior
In office
30 August 1921 – 19 October 1921
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Abel Hipólito
Succeeded by Manuel Maria Coelho
Personal details
Born (1881-12-27)27 December 1881
Chaves, Kingdom of Portugal
Died 19 October 1921(1921-10-19) (aged 39)
Lisbon, Portuguese Republic
Political party Evolutionist Party
later Republican Liberal Party)
Occupation Lawyer

António Joaquim Granjo (Chaves, 27 December 1881 – Lisbon, 19 October 1921; Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔniu ˈɡɾɐ̃ʒu]) was a Portuguese lawyer and politician.

He was a republican from his youth, and was a member of the National Constituent Assembly, elected on 28 May 1911. He fought during Portuguese participation in World War I, and wrote a book about his experiences.

After President Sidónio Pais was shot dead, Granjo took action against the Monarchy of the North, an attempt to restore a royalist regime in the north of Portugal, in 1919. He was President of the Municipal Chamber of Chaves, from February to July 1919. He was elected, the same year, to the Chamber of Deputies, by the Evolutionist Party, later being a founder of its successor movement, the Republican Liberal Party. Minister of Justice during Domingos Pereira's coalition government, he served two brief terms as Prime Minister, the first time, from 19 July to 20 November 1920, in a liberal government. Afterwards he was nominated Prime Minister again, to take the place of another liberal, Tomé de Barros Queiroz, on 30 August 1921.

Granjo was assassinated, while in office, during the infamous "Noite Sangrenta", on 19 October 1921. The political affiliation of his murderers is still a matter of dispute. That same night, two other prominent republicans of moderately right-wing sympathies, Machado Santos (widely known as the founder of the republic) and Carlos da Maia, also lost their lives.

Preceded by
António Maria da Silva
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)

1920
Succeeded by
Álvaro de Castro
Preceded by
Tomé de Barros Queirós
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)

1921
Succeeded by
Manuel Maria Coelho