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|— Metropolitan Municipality —|
|• Type||Metropolitan municipality|
|• Mayor||Mustafa Akaydın (CHP)|
|• Metropolitan Municipality||1,417 km2 (547 sq mi)|
|Elevation||30 m (100 ft)|
|• Metropolitan Municipality||994,890|
|• Density||478/km2 (1,240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Postal code||07x xx|
Antalya was the world's fourth most visited city by number of international arrivals in 2011, with 10.5 million annual visitors. Most of these tourists were changing planes or moving between the airport and the cruise lines.
Name and Etymology 
The city was founded as "Attaleia" (Greek: Αττάλεια), named after its founder Attalos II, king of Pergamon. This name, still in use in Greek, later mutated in Turkish as Adalia and then Antalya. Attaleia was also the name of a festival at Delphi and Attalis (Greek: Ἀτταλίς) was the name of an old Greek tribe at Athens.
It is uncertain when the site of the current city was first inhabited. Attalos II, king of Pergamon, is believed to have founded the city around 150 BC, naming it Attalia and selecting it as a naval base for his powerful fleet. However, excavations in 2008 in the Doğu Garajı district have uncovered remains dating to the 3rd century BC, suggesting that the city was founded earlier than previously supposed. Antalya became part of the Roman Republic in 133 BC when King Attalos III of Pergamon willed his kingdom to Rome at his death. The city grew and prospered during the Ancient Roman period.
Christianity started to spread in the region after 2nd century. Antalya was visited by Paul of Tarsus, as recorded in the Acts of the Apostles: "From Perga, Paul and Barnabas went down to Attalia and sailed from there to Antioch after preaching in Pisidia and Pamphylia" (Acts 14:25-26).
Antalya was a major city in the Byzantine Empire. It was the capital of the Byzantine Theme of Carabisiani (Θέμα Kαραβησιάνων, Thema Karavēsianōn), which occupied the southern coasts of Anatolia and the Aegean Islands. At the time of the accession of John II Comnenus in 1118 it was an isolated outpost surrounded by Turkish beyliks, accessible only by sea.
The city and the surrounding region were conquered by the Seljuk Turks in the early 13th century. Antalya was the capital of the Turkish beylik of Teke (1321–1423) until its conquest by the Ottomans except Cypriot rule between 1361 and 1373. The Arabic traveler Ibn Battuta, who visited the city in 1335-1340, noted:
From Alanya I went to Antaliya [Adalia], a most beautiful city. It covers an immense area, and though of vast bulk is one of the most attractive towns to be seen anywhere, besides being exceedingly populous and well laid out. Each section of the inhabitants lives in a separate quarter. The Christian merchants live in a quarter of the town known as the Mina [the Port], and are surrounded by a wall, the gates of which are shut upon them from without at night and during the Friday service. The Greeks, who were its former inhabitants, live by themselves in another quarter, the Jews in another, and the king and his court and Mamluks in another, each of these quarters being walled off likewise. The rest of the Muslims live in the main city. Round the whole town and all the quarters mentioned there is another great wall. The town contains orchards and produces fine fruits, including an admirable kind of apricot, called by them Qamar ad-Din, which has a sweet almond in its kernel. This fruit is dried and exported to Egypt, where it is regarded as a great luxury.
In the second half of the 17th century Evliya Çelebi wrote of a city of narrow streets containing 3,000 houses in 20 Turkish and four Greek neighborhoods. The town had grown beyond the city walls and the port was reported to hold up to 200 boats.
In the 19th century, in common with most of Anatolia, its sovereign was a "dere bey" (land lord or landowner). The family of Tekke Oğlu, domiciled near Perge had been reduced to submission in 1812 by Mahmud II, but continued to be a rival power to the Ottoman governor until within the present generation, surviving by many years the fall of the other great beys of Anatolia. The records of the Levant (Turkey) Company, which maintained an agency in Antalya until 1825, documented the local dere beys.
In the 20th century the population of Antalya increased as Turks from the Caucasus and the Balkans moved into Anatolia. By 1911 it was a city of about 25,000 people, including many Christians and Jews, still living in separate quarters around the walled mina or port. The economy was centered on its port that served the inland areas, particularly Konya. Antalya (then Adalia) was picturesque rather than modern. The chief attraction for visitors was the city wall, and outside a promenade, a portion of which survives. The government offices and the houses of the higher classes were outside the walls.
The city was occupied by the Italians from the end of the First World War until the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923. Large-scale development beginning in the 1970s transformed Antalya from a pastoral town into one of Turkey's largest metropolitan areas. Much of this has been due to tourism, which expanded in the 21st century.
Antalya is in south-west Anatolia, on the Mediterranean Gulf of Antalya, approximately 546 kilometres (339 mi) from Ankara, 562 kilometres (349 mi) from Adana, 466 kilometres (290 mi) from Izmir, and 727 kilometres (452 mi) from Istanbul.
The Taurus mountains of southern Anatolia runs parallel to the Mediterranean in an east-west direction, resulting in the formation of narrow coastal plains surrounded by mountains on three sides and the sea on the fourth. Some parts of the coast feature mountains plunging sharply into the sea, forming small natural bays and peninsulas. Antalya is situated on one such plain where the mountains recede from the shore, consisting of two flat areas formed of travertine rock at a mean height of 35 metres (115 ft); the citycenter is on the rocky plain closest the coast, with urban sprawl extending to the Kepezüstü Plain further inland.
The area is shielded from the northerly winds by the Taurus Mountains. Antalya has a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild and rainy winters. Around 300 days of the year are sunny, with over 3000 hours of sunlight per year. The sea temperature ranges between 15 °C (59 °F) in winter and 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. The air temperature reaches high of up to 45 °C (113 °F) in July and lows down to −4 °C (25 °F) in February - the average temperature is in the low to mid 30 °C (86 °F).
|Climate data for Antalya|
|Record high °C (°F)||23.9
|Average high °C (°F)||15.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||9.7
|Average low °C (°F)||5.8
|Record low °C (°F)||−2.0
|Precipitation mm (inches)||234.2
|Avg. rainy days||12.6||10.8||8.9||6.4||5.3||2.6||0.6||0.7||1.8||5.8||7.6||12.3||75.4|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||161.2||155.4||201.5||258.0||294.5||342.0||356.5||350.3||285.0||248.0||186.0||158.1||2,996.5|
|Source #1: Turkish State Meteorological Service|
|Source #2: World Meteorological Organization (precipitation data)|
The economy of Antalya used to depend on a mixture of tourism, agriculture, and commerce, with some light industry. Agricultural production includes citrus fruits, cotton, cut flowers, olives, olive oil and bananas. Antalya Metropolitan Municipality’s covered wholesale food market complex meets 65% of the fresh fruit and vegetable demand of the province.
Since 2000, shipyards have been opened in Antalya Free Zone, specialized in building pleasure yachts. Some of these yards have advanced in composites boat building technology.
Kaleiçi, with its narrow cobbled streets of historic Ottoman era houses, is the old center of Antalya. With its hotels, bars, clubs, restaurants, and shopping, it has been restored to retain much of its historical character; its restoration has won the Golden Apple Tourism Prize. Cumhuriyet Square, the main square of the city, is the location for temporary open air exhibitions and performances. The city also features sites with traces of Lycian, Pamphylian, and Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman architecture and cultures. International luxury hotels stand along the coast above the Konyaalti and Lara beaches.
Festivals and events 
- A number of sports championships including motor rallies and the 2010 World Weighlifting Championships.
- Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival: Turkey's largest national film festival, last week of September
- International Eurasia Film Festival: International film festival held annually
- Antalya Festival: September
- Mediterranean International Music Festival: October, 6 days
- Antalya International Folk Music and Dance Festival Competition: Last week of August
- Aspendos International Opera and Ballet Festival: June and July
- Flower festival May
Main sights 
There are a number of mosques, churches, madrasahs, masjids, hans (caravanserai) and hamams (Turkish bath) in the city. Kaleiçi, the harbor, which the city walls enclose, is the oldest part of the city. Kaleiçi features many historic houses with traditional Turkish and local Greek architecture.
Historic sites in the city center 
- Kaleiçi: the historical center of the city.
- Ancient monuments include the City Walls, Hıdırlık Tower, Hadrian's Gate (also known as Triple Gate), and the Clock Tower.
- Hadrian's Gate: constructed in the 2nd century by the Romans in honor of the Emperor Hadrian.
- İskele Mosque: A 19th-century Mosque near the Marina.
- Karatay Medrese: A Medrese (Islamic theological seminary) built in 1250 by Emir Celaleddin Karatay.
- Kesik Minare (Broken Minaret) Mosque: Once a Roman temple then converted to a Byzantine Panaglia church and finally into a mosque.
- Tekeli Mehmet Paşa Mosque: An 18th-century Mosque built in honor of Tekeli Mehmet Paşa.
- Yat Limanı: the harbour dating to Roman era.
- Yivli Minare (Fluted Minaret) Mosque: Built by the Seljuks and decorated with dark blue and turquoise tiles, this minaret eventually became the symbol of the city.
- Antalya Museum: Prize winning archaeology museum.
- Kaleiçi Museum: Opened in 2007 by the Mediterranean Civilizations Research Center (Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Merkezi)
- Atatürk's House Museum
- Antalya Toy Museum. The Antalya Metropolitan Municipality opened the exhibition facility in 2011.
- Suna & İnan Kıraç Kaleiçi Museum : A ethnographic museum run by the Suna and İnan Kıraç Foundation.
Sites of interest 
- Tünek Hill
- Karaalioglu Park
- Arapsu Bridge
- Konyaaltı Beach Park
- Antalya Aquarium
The football club of Antalya, the Medical Park Antalyaspor plays in the Süper Lig. The team's home venue is Mardan Sports Complex. A New Antalya Stadium, which will have a seating capacity of around 42,000 people, is proposed. Another football venue in the city is Antalya Atatürk Stadium.
The city hosts many international sports competitions due to its longer lasting good weather condition. Since 2006, one of the four stages of Archery World Cup events are held at the Antalya Centennial Archery Field.
Antalya’s signature cuisine includes Piyaz (made with tahini, garlic, walnuts, and boiled beans), spicy hibeş with mixed cumin and tahini, şiş köfte, tandır kebap, domates civesi, şakşuka, and various cold Mediterranean dishes with olive oil. One local speciality is tirmis, boiled seeds of the lupin, eaten as a snack. "Grida" (also known as Lagos or Mediterrenean white grouper) is a fish common in local dishes.
The main transportation to the city is by air and land. Sea routes are still under development. In 2007, the airport added a new terminal.
The city has a main port at the south of the Konyaaltı.
Antalya Ulasim, a municipally-owned corporation, runs the public bus system. The corporation owns Antobus and Antray. Antobus was started in September 2010. In 2010, the city planned to increase from 40 to 140 more buses.
Payment for public transportation was made in cash until the launch of a public transportation card, Antkart, in late 2007. The card system met with criticism and was subsequently canceled in June 2009, returning to a cash system. Halkkart has been used for the transportation system since the summer of 2010. Halkkart is managed by A-Kent Smart City Technologies under the control of Antalya Metropolitan Municipal government. Passengers can use identified cards to take buses or trams.
The tram system runs from Antalya Museum and the Sheraton Voyager and Falez hotels, along the main boulevard to the city center at Kalekapisi, Hadrian's Gate, Karaalioglu Park, and ending at Talya Oteli. Trams depart on the hour and half-hour from the terminal (east and west), and reach Kalekapisi between 10 and 15 minutes later.
In December 2009, a 11.1 kilometres (6.9 mi) light rail line Antray was opened from one of the main city public bus hub northwest to the Zoo and beyond to suburban areas.
Major routes 
The infrastructure such as roads and drains are struggling to catch up with the increase in population and tourists.
Antalya Airport has two international terminals and one domestic terminal. In 2007, its number of passengers on international flights surpassed the total number at Istanbul Ataturk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen International Airport for the first time, officially earning the title of "the capital of Turkish tourism".
International relations 
Twin towns — Sister cities 
Notable people from Antalya 
- Burak Yılmaz, football player
- Cafercan Aksu, football player
- Coşkun Göğen, film actor
- Deniz Baykal, 1992-2010 leader of Turkish Republican People's Party (CHP)
- Deniz Seki, pop musician
- Levent Yüksel, musician, composer
- Michael Attaliates Byzantine lawyer of 11th century
- Musa Uzunlar, actor
- Onat Kutlar, writer
- Özgürcan Özcan, football player
- Rüştü Reçber, football player
- Sami Berik, MMA fighter
- Sümer Tilmaç, actor
- Tarık Akıltopu, architect, historian, poet, writer
- Yağmur Sarıgül, musician, composer of maNga
- Turkish Statistical Institute 2011 Census (Büyükşehir belediyeleri ve bağlı belediyelerin nüfusları) - 2011
- - 2011
- "Number of Arriving-Departing Foreigners and Citizens". Tourism Statistics. Ministry of Culture and Tourism (Turkey). 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2012.[dead link]
- Ἀττάλεια, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus project
- Ἀτταλίς, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus project
- Norwich, John Julius. Byzantium: The Decline and Fall. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996) p. 68.
- Halsall, Paul (5 September 1998). "Medieval Sourcebook". Archived from the original on 25 August 2008. Retrieved 25 August 2008. "The lemon is still called Addaliya in Egypt."
- Statistical Institute
- The Mountains of the Mediterranean World:, J. R. McNeill, page 159
- "Official Statistics (Statistical Data of Provinces and districts)- ANTALYA" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
- "Climate Information for Antalya". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
- "Covered Wholesale Food Market". Antalya Metropolitan Municipality Official Web Site. Retrieved 25 August 2008.
- "ANTALYA SERBEST BÖLGESÝ - Hoţgeldiniz !!". Ant-free-zone.org.tr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.
- "Contact." Corendon Airlines. Retrieved on 17 February 2012. "CORENDON Airlines Head Office Address: Gzeloluk Mahallesi 1879 Sokak No :148 Antalya-Turkey"
- "Imprint." SunExpress. Retrieved on 23 December 2011. "TR-07300 Antalya, Türkiye P.O. Box 28 Mehmetçik Mah. Aspendos Bulv. Aspendos Iş Merkezi No. 63/1-2"
- "Kaleiçi Museum". Kaleicimuzesi.com. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "their annual journal". Akmedadalya.com. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "Antalya opens new toy museum". Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- "Antalya International University". Antalya.edu.tr. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyesi". Antalya Metropolitan Municipality Official Web Site (in Turkish). 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
- "NUMBER OF PASSENGERS IN ANTALYA'S INTERNATIONAL FLIGHTS HIGHER THAN ISTANBUL". World Bulletin. 16 September 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2008.
- Yanik, Vahide (17 September 2007). "Türkiye uçtu, dünya rekoru kırdı". DHA (in Turkish) (Hürriyet). Retrieved 25 August 2008.
- "Sister Cities". Antalya Metropolitan Municipality.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Antalya|
- Antalya travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Weather forecast, Turkish Meteorology Service
- Photo gallery of the city
- Photo gallery of the Antalya city
- Pictures from Antalya's Archaeological Museum
- Pictures from Antalya's Old Town Museum