Ante Pavelić (1869–1938)

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Ante Pavelić
Ante Pavelić (dentist).jpg
Vice President of the National Council
of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs
In office
29 October 1918 – 1 December 1918
Serving with Svetozar Pribićević
President Anton Korošec
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Office abolished
President of the Pure Party of Rights
In office
10 March 1917 – 1 March 1919
Preceded by Mile Starčević
Succeeded by Vladimir Prebeg (as President of the united Croatian Party of Rights)
Personal details
Born (1869-05-19)19 May 1869
Gospić, Austria-Hungary
Died 11 February 1938(1938-02-11) (aged 68)
Zagreb, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Resting place Mirogoj, Zagreb, Croatia
Political party Democratic Party
Other political
affiliations
Party of Rights
Pure Party of Rights
Croatian Party of Rights
Alma mater University of Vienna
Occupation Politician
Profession Dentist

Dr. Ante Pavelić, (Croatian pronunciation: [ǎːnte pǎʋelit͡ɕ]; 19 May 1869 in Gospić – 11 February 1938 in Zagreb) was a Croatian dentist and politician.[1][2]

In Croatian sources, he is usually referred as stariji ("senior") or zubar ("dentist")[2] to be distinguished from the more notable Croatian fascist leader and politician Ante Pavelić, who was twenty years younger and member of a different Party of Rights.

Starting in 1906 he was a member of the Croatian parliament (Sabor) from the Party of Rights.[1] The Party of Rights that Pavelić belonged to was known as Milinovci,[2] after their leader Mile Starčević.

On October 5, 1918 Pavelić presided over the initial session of the National Assembly of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.[2] On October 19, he became the vice president of the National Assembly.[2] Pavelić authored the Croatian Parliament's declaration of October 29, 1918 that formally acknowledged the National Assembly as the superior authority over Croatia.[2]

Pavelić and others started negotiating with the Serbian envoy to the National Assembly Dušan T. Simović as soon as Hungary signed a truce with the Allies on October 13 - Simović had said that their military victory and the treaty with Hungary gave them right to most of the territory of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, whereas Pavelić said that they want unification with Serbia, but that they needed a federal state as well as a delineation of Croatian and Serbian population that would assume a population transfer. Simović rejected the talk of federalization and Pavelić yielded, and there was no further discussion on either issue.[2]

As a delegate of the Assembly, he read the statement on uniting the SHS state with Kingdom of Serbia into Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on 1 December 1918.[1][2]

Later, Pavelić joined the Democratic Party, and in 1932, he became the Speaker of the Senate of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Pavelić, Ante". Proleksis Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-04-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Zlatko Matijević, Croatian Institute of History (November 2008). "Narodno vijeće Slovenaca, Hrvata i Srba u Zagrebu: Osnutak, djelovanje i nestanak (1918/1919)" (PDF). Fontes (in Croatian) (14) (Croatian State Archives). pp. 35–36. ISSN 1330-6804.