Ante Trumbić

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Ante Trumbić
Portrait of Ante Trumbić.jpg
27th Mayor of Split
In office
1906–1907
Preceded by Vinko Milić
Succeeded by Vicko Mihaljević
Personal details
Born (1864-05-17)17 May 1864
Split, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austrian Empire (now in Croatia)
Died 17 November 1938(1938-11-17) (aged 74)
Zagreb, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (now in Croatia)
Political party Croatian Party of Rights (-1905)
Croatian Party (1905-1918)
Croatian Community (1924-1926)
Croatian Federalist Peasant Party (1926-1929)
Croatian Peasant Party (1931-1938)
Alma mater University of Zagreb
University of Vienna
Occupation Politician
Profession Attorney at law

Ante Trumbić (17 May 1864 – 17 November 1938) was a Croatian politician in the early 20th century. He was one of the key politicians in the creation of a Yugoslav state.

Trumbić was born in Split in the Austro-Hungarian crownland of Dalmatia and studied law at Zagreb, Vienna and Graz (with doctorate in 1890). He practiced as a lawyer, and then, from 1905 as the city mayor of Split. Trumbić was in favor of moderate reforms in Austro-Hungarian Slavic provinces, which included the unification of Dalmatia with Croatia-Slavonia.

After the assassination in Sarajevo of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and the invasion of Serbia by Austria-Hungary, Trumbić became the prominent Yugoslav nationalist leader during World War I, and led the Yugoslav Committee that lobbied the Allies to support the creation of an independent Yugoslavia.[1] Trumbić negotiated with Serbian Prime Minister Nikola Pašić to have the Kingdom of Serbia support the creation of a Yugoslav state, which was delivered at the Corfu Declaration on 20 July 1917 that advocated the creation of a united state of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes that would be led by the Serbian House of Karađorđević.[1]

In 1918 he became foreign minister in the first government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. At the Versailles conference after World War I, Trumbić had to represent Yugoslav concerns in the face of Italian territorial ambitions in Dalmatia (temporarily settled in 1920, but raised again with Benito Mussolini).

In spite of his support for a united Yugoslavia, Trumbić opposed the 1921 constitution over his belief that it was too centralized and allowed Serb hegemony over Yugoslavia.[1] Trumbić was one of 35 representatives to vote against the constitution amid a wide boycott of the National Assembly by opposition parties.[2] Trumbić grew steadily disillusioned with the Yugoslav government over time which he saw as Serb-dominated.[1] He was elected for the last time in the 1927 elections on the list of the Croatian Bloc along with Ante Pavelić, both representing Zagreb.

In 1929, hoping to bring an end to the ongoing bickering between the Serbian and the Croatian representatives within the kingdom, King Alexander of Yugoslavia for the first time since the creation of the state, pulled rank and banned all political parties, and removed the individual nationalities Serb and Croat from the bigger picture. He renamed the land Yugoslavia, and abrogated the constitution to establish a royal dictatorship. Trumbić was by now in retirement in Zagreb. King Alexander's division of Croatia-Slavonia and Dalmatia into banovinas countered all previous reforms Trumbić had sought. In a September, 1932 interview with The Manchester Guardian Trumbić wondered whether Croatia should separate from the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and pursue a union with Austria.[3] In November, 1932 Trumbić edited the Zagreb Points, a series of demands put forth by the Peasant-Democratic coalition to counter Serbian hegemony.[4]

With the arrest of Croatian Peasant Party leader Vladko Maček in April, 1933 Trumbić and Josip Predavec became the caretaker heads of the party.[5] With Predavec's assassination on 14 July, Trumbić was essentially the head of the party in Maček's absence.

Trumbić later regretted the end of Austria-Hungary,[6] as the South Slav state he had helped to create proved incapable of his intended reforms.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Spencer Tucker. Encyclopedia of World War I: A Political, Social, and Military History. Santa Barbara, California, USA: ABC-CLIO, 2005. Pp. 1189.
  2. ^ Sabrina P. Ramet, The three Yugoslavias: state-building and legitimation, 1918-2005. Indiana University Press, 2006. (p. 57)
  3. ^ Bernd Jürgen Fischer, Balkan strongmen: dictators and authoritarian rulers of South Eastern Europe. Purdue University Press, 2007. (p. 79)
  4. ^ Ljubomir Antić (2004). "Prvih sto godina Hrvatske seljačke stranke". Hrvatski iseljenički zbornik (in Croatian). Croatian Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 2010-06-29. 
  5. ^ Alex N. Dragnich, The first Yugoslavia: search for a viable political system. Hoover Press, 1983. (p. 95)
  6. ^ Henri Pozzi, Black Hand over Europe (La Guerre Revient...). F. Mott and Co, 1935.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Vinko Milić
Mayor of Split
1906 – 1907
Succeeded by
Vicko Mihaljević
Preceded by
Stojan Protić
Foreign Affairs Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1918-1920
Succeeded by
Milenko Vesnić
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ivan Lorković
Leader of the Croatian Federalist Peasant Party
1926 – 1929
Succeeded by
none