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Grattoir de côté. A carinated steep-scraper with a racloir on one of the sides. Found at Jdeideh II, Lebanon. Brown Cretaceous flint. Suggested to date to the Antelian

The Antelian culture is an Upper Paleolithic phase of the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Palestine) that evolves from Emirian. The most important innovation in this period is the incorporation of some typical elements of Aurignacian, like some types of burins and narrow blade points that resemble the European type of Font-Yves.


  • Upper Paleolithic III (lower Antelian).
  • Upper Paleolithic IV (upper Antelian): proliferation of burin types and decrease in the number of Font-Yves points. First and almost only use of bone for tools in the region, very rare in any case.
  • Upper Paleolithic V (Athlitian): specialization of Antelian with a comeback of the Chatelperronian knives of Emirian.

End of Antelian/Atlitian[edit]

The appearance of the Kebarian culture, of microlithic type implies a significant rupture in the cultural continuity of Levantine Upper Paleolithic.


  • M. H. Alimen and M. J. Steve, Historia Universal siglo XXI. Prehistoria. Siglo XXI Editores, 1970 (reviewed and corrected in 1994) (original German edition, 1966, titled Vorgeschichte). ISBN 84-323-0034-9