|state of Kansas|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Elevation||1,371 ft (418 m)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-01950 |
|GNIS feature ID||0477249 |
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.
In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Antelope.
In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a branch line north-south from Herington through Antelope to Caldwell. It foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, and finally merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".
A post office existed in Antelope from July 25, 1870 to June 20, 1988.
Antelope has one listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).
- Amelia Park Bridge (NRHP), 1 mile north-east of Antelope on 260th Street.
- Island Field Ranch House (NRHP), 1 mile east of Antelope on U.S. Route 77. Childhood home of Alvin Silas Wight.
Primary and secondary education
Antelope is part of Unified School District 397. The high school is a member of T.E.E.N., a shared video teaching network between five area high schools. All students attend schools in Lost Springs area.
- Centre High School, located south of Lost Springs.
- Centre Junior High School, located south of Lost Springs.
- Centre Middle School, located south of Lost Springs.
- Centre Grade School, located in Lost Springs.
- Community and Rural areas provided by Flint Hills RECA.
- Alvin Silas Wight, (1887–1949), Kansas House of Representatives, Educator, Farmer, his childhood home was the Island Field Ranch (NRHP), see above.
- Clear Creek Township, Marion County, Kansas (location of Antelope)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Marion County, Kansas
- Historical Maps of Marion County, Kansas
- Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Antelope, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
- Marion County Kansas, Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; 1972.
- The History of Marion County and Courthouse
- Rock Island Rail History
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- National Register of Historic Places - Amelia Park Bridge
- National Register of Historic Places - Island Field Ranch House
- USD 397
- Kansas School District Boundary Map
- T.E.E.N. video teaching network
- "UP Railroad Common Line Names". Union Pacific Railroad. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
- Kansas Legislators Past & Present
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Antelope, Kansas.|
- USD 397, Centre school district for Lincolnville, Lost Springs, Pilsen, Tampa, Ramona, Antelope, Burdick, nearby rural areas of Marion / Morris / Dickinson / Chase Counties
- Marion County cemetery list, archive of KsGenWeb
- Marion County history bibliography, Marion County school bibliography, Kansas Historical Society