Antelope, Kansas

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Antelope, Kansas
Unincorporated community
Antelope is located in Kansas
Antelope
Antelope
Location within the state of Kansas
Coordinates: 38°26′10″N 96°58′26″W / 38.43611°N 96.97389°W / 38.43611; -96.97389Coordinates: 38°26′10″N 96°58′26″W / 38.43611°N 96.97389°W / 38.43611; -96.97389[1]
Country United States
State Kansas
County Marion
Elevation[1] 1,371 ft (418 m)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-01950 [1]
GNIS feature ID 0477249 [1]
W i k i p e d i a

Antelope is an unincorporated community in Marion County, Kansas, United States.[1] Antelope got its name from Antelope grazing near where the first school was being built.[2]

History[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Marion County

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century[edit]

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Antelope.[3]

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a branch line north-south from Herington through Antelope to Caldwell.[4] It foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, and finally merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

A post office existed in Antelope from July 25, 1870 to June 20, 1988.[5]

Geography[edit]

Antelope is located at 38°26′10″N 96°58′26″W / 38.43611°N 96.97389°W / 38.43611; -96.97389 (38.4361259, -96.9739075),[1] between Marion and Lincolnville next to the Union Pacific Railroad.

Area attractions[edit]

Antelope has one listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Antelope is part of Unified School District 397.[8][9] The high school is a member of T.E.E.N., a shared video teaching network between five area high schools.[10] All students attend schools in Lost Springs area.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 77 is 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Antelope. The Oklahoma Kansas Texas (OKT)[11] line of the Union Pacific Railroad runs through the community.

Utilities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Schools
Historical
Maps