Anterior tympanic artery

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Anterior tympanic artery
Gray511.png
Branches of maxillary artery
(anterior tympanic artery at upper left)
Anterior tympanic artery.png
Branches of the maxillary artery
Details
Latin Arteria tympanica anterior
Supplies Middle ear
Identifiers
Gray's p.560
Dorlands
/Elsevier
a_61/12156441
TA A12.2.05.055
FMA FMA:49692
Anatomical terminology

The anterior tympanic artery (glaserian artery) is a small artery in the head that supplies the middle ear. It usually arises as a branch of the second (or retromandibular) part of the maxillary artery. It passes upward behind the temporomandibular articulation, enters the tympanic cavity through the petrotympanic fissure, and ramifies upon the tympanic membrane, forming a vascular circle around the membrane with the stylomastoid branch of the posterior auricular, and anastomosing with the artery of the pterygoid canal and with the caroticotympanic branch from the internal carotid.

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

External links[edit]

  • lesson4 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (infratempfossaart)
  • Mérida Velasco, J. R.; Rodríguez Vázquez, J. F.; Jiménez Collado, J. (1997). "Anterior Tympanic Artery: Course, Ramification and Relationship with the Temporomandibular Joint". Cells Tissues Organs 158 (3): 222–6. doi:10.1159/000147933. PMID 9394959. 
  • Wasicky, Richard; Pretterklieber, Michael L. (2000). "The Human Anterior Tympanic Artery: A Nutrient Artery of the Middle Ear with Highly Variable Origin". Cells Tissues Organs 166 (4): 388–94. doi:10.1159/000016755. PMID 10867441.